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4. Solid earth sciences

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  1. Synthetic rocks are used in laboratories to measure the physical and chemical properties of Earth’s constituent minerals in order to understand Earth’s interior. To understand the phenomena in the middle and u...

    Authors: Norio Shigematsu, You Zhou, Hideki Hyuga, Yu-ichi Yoshizawa and Masanori Kido
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:34
  2. We conducted seismic tomography to estimate the seismic velocity structure and to evaluate the spatiotemporal distribution of interplate earthquakes of the Kii Peninsula, central Honshu, Japan, where the Tonan...

    Authors: Yojiro Yamamoto, Shuichiro Yada, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Takane Hori and Narumi Takahashi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:32

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:36

  3. We conduct frictional experiments using cuttings collected at Nankai Trough IODP Site C0002 over 980.5–3262.5 mbsf (meters below seafloor) depth interval to better understand the frictional properties through ...

    Authors: Riho Fujioka, Ikuo Katayama, Manami Kitamura, Hanaya Okuda and Takehiro Hirose
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:31
  4. Back-arc spreading is a non-steady-state process exemplified by the repeated cycles of spreading of the South Fiji and the Lau Basins behind the Tonga arc, and the Parece Vela Basin and the Mariana Trough behi...

    Authors: Kazuhiko Ishii and Simon R. Wallis
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:27
  5. A moment magnitude 6.2 crustal earthquake occurred in northern Thailand on May 5, 2014, and its aftershocks exhibit several lineaments with conjugate pattern, involving geometric complexity in a multi-segmente...

    Authors: Tira Tadapansawut, Yuji Yagi, Ryo Okuwaki, Shinji Yamashita and Kousuke Shimizu
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:26
  6. Peridotites at water depths of 3430 to 5999 m have been discovered using the submersible Shinkai6500 (dives 6K-1397 and 6K-1398) on the southwestern slope of the 139°E Ridge (11°12′N, 139°15′E), a small ridge at ...

    Authors: Shoma Oya, Katsuyoshi Michibayashi, Yasuhiko Ohara, Fernando Martinez, Fatma Kourim, Hao-Yang Lee and Kohei Nimura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:18
  7. The Philippine archipelago is a complex island arc system, where many regions still lack geopotential field studies. The high-resolution isostatic anomaly and free-air anomaly digital grids from the World Grav...

    Authors: Mel Anthony A. Casulla, Hideki Mizunaga, Toshiaki Tanaka and Carla B. Dimalanta
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:16
  8. Although there is increasing evidence for wet, monsoonal conditions in Southeast Asia during the late Eocene, it has not been clear when this environment became established. Cenozoic sedimentary sequences cons...

    Authors: Hongbo Zheng, Qing Yang, Shuo Cao, Peter D. Clift, Mengying He, Akihiro Kano, Aki Sakuma, Huan Xu, Ryuji Tada and Fred Jourdan
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:12
  9. The Median Tectonic Line (MTL) is an arc-parallel strike-slip fault that accommodates much of the arc-parallel component of the oblique convergence of the Philippine Sea and Eurasian plates at the Nankai Troug...

    Authors: Adi Patria, Haruo Kimura, Yoshihiro Kitade and Hiroyuki Tsutsumi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:8
  10. We estimated the time difference between the 1854 CE Ansei–Tokai and Ansei–Nankai earthquakes from tidal records of two tide gauge stations (San Francisco and San Diego) on the west coast of North America. The...

    Authors: Satoshi Kusumoto, Kentaro Imai and Takane Hori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:2
  11. We propose a conceptual geological model for the collision of multiple basement topographic highs (BTHs; e.g., seamounts, ridges, and horsts) with a forearc accretionary wedge. Even though there are many BTHs ...

    Authors: Ayumu Miyakawa, Atsushi Noda and Hiroaki Koge
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:1
  12. The strain energy released during an earthquake is consumed by processes related to seismic radiation or dissipation. Deep fault drilling and subsequent temperature measurements in a thick fault zone immediate...

    Authors: Shunya Kaneki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:67
  13. This paper explores the evolutional process of back-arc basin (BAB) magma system at final spreading stage of extinct BAB, Shikoku Basin (Philippine Sea) and assesses its tectonic evolution using a newly discov...

    Authors: Norikatsu Akizawa, Yasuhiko Ohara, Kyoko Okino, Osamu Ishizuka, Hiroyuki Yamashita, Shiki Machida, Alessio Sanfilippo, Valentin Basch, Jonathan E. Snow, Atlanta Sen, Ken-ichi Hirauchi, Katsuyoshi Michibayashi, Yumiko Harigane, Masakazu Fujii, Hisashi Asanuma and Takafumi Hirata
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:65
  14. The GNSS-A technique is an observation method that can detect seafloor crustal deformations with centimeter-level positioning accuracy. The GNSS-A seafloor geodetic observation array operated by the Japan Coas...

    Authors: Yusuke Yokota, Tadashi Ishikawa, Shun-ichi Watanabe and Yuto Nakamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:63
  15. The Sulawesi earthquake with a moment magnitude of Mw 7.5 struck the Central Sulawesi region of the Sulawesi Island, Indonesia, on September 28, 2018. The epicenter of the earthquake was located in the mountainou...

    Authors: Divyesh Rohit, Hemanta Hazarika, Tsubasa Maeda, Wa Ode Sumartini, Takaji Kokusho, Siavash Manafi Khajeh Pasha and Sukiman Nurdin
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:60
  16. Determination of the youngest active domains in fault zones that are not overlain by Quaternary sedimentary cover is critical for evaluating recent fault activity, determining the current local stress field, a...

    Authors: Akiyuki Iwamori, Hideo Takagi, Nobutaka Asahi, Tatsuji Sugimori, Eiji Nakata, Shintaro Nohara and Keiichi Ueta
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:54
  17. The Siwalik Group, ranging from the Early Miocene to Pleistocene, is believed to be deposited in the fluvial environment and controlled by contemporary Himalayan tectonics and climate. In this study, we establ...

    Authors: Lalit Kumar Rai and Kohki Yoshida
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:49
  18. Disentangling the temperature and depth of formation of fault rocks is critical for understanding their rheology, exhumation, and the evolution of fault zones. Estimation of fault rock temperatures mostly reli...

    Authors: Dyuti Prakash Sarkar, Jun-ichi Ando, Akihiro Kano, Hirokazu Kato, Gautam Ghosh and Kaushik Das
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:42
  19. Destructive landslides were triggered by the 6.7 Mw Eastern Iburi earthquake that struck southern Hokkaido, Japan, on 6 September 2018. Heavy rainfall on 4 September in addition to intermittent rainfall around th...

    Authors: Jun Kameda
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:37
  20. Examining the regularity in slip over seismic cycles leads to an understanding of earthquake recurrence and provides the basis for probabilistic seismic hazard assessment. Systematic analysis of three-dimensio...

    Authors: Naoya Takahashi and Shinji Toda
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:15
  21. Oceans on Earth are present as a result of dynamic equilibrium between degassing and regassing through the interaction with Earth’s interior. We review mineral physics, geophysical, and geochemical studies rel...

    Authors: Shun-ichiro Karato, Bijaya Karki and Jeffrey Park
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:76

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:14

  22. The Mikawa Bay Region, central Japan, is characterized by many active faults recording Quaternary activities. It is, however, difficult to understand the overall tectonic character of the region due to a thick...

    Authors: Ayumu Miyakawa, Tomoya Abe, Tatsuya Sumita and Makoto Otsubo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:63

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:72

  23. Through two lab-scale experiments, we investigated the hydraulic and mechanical characteristics of sediment layers during water film formation, induced by elevated pore pressure—considered one of the triggers ...

    Authors: Shogo Kawakita, Daisuke Asahina, Takato Takemura, Hinako Hosono and Keiji Kitajima
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:62
  24. Sediments from the semi-enclosed Japan Sea are sensitive to paleoclimatic perturbations and they offer great opportunities for many regional and global paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic studies. These studie...

    Authors: Chuang Xuan, Yuxi Jin, Saiko Sugisaki, Yasufumi Satoguchi and Yoshitaka Nagahashi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:60
  25. In this review, I provide the current status and future prospects for the coupled core-mantle evolution and specifically summarize the constraints arising from geomagnetism and paleomagnetism on the long-term ...

    Authors: Takashi Nakagawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:57
  26. Sub-bottom profiling (SBP) surveys and bathymetric mapping conducted off the shore of Miyako-jima, which belongs to the southern Ryukyus in the Ryukyu Island Arc, have revealed the presence of mound-shaped str...

    Authors: Takahiko Inoue and Kohsaku Arai
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:52
  27. Tropical mangrove swamps are commonly characterized by dense networks of tidal channels that may show pronounced meandering and dendritic patterns. Channel meanders are sometimes accompanied by cut-offs, and, ...

    Authors: Hasrizal Shaari, Qatrunnada Mohd Nasir, Hui-Juan Pan, Che Abd Rahim Mohamed, Abdul Hafidz Yusoff, Wan Mohd Afiq Wan Mohd Khalik, Erick Naim, Riza Yuliratno Setiawan and Edward J. Anthony
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:46
  28. Geological records of the Matuyama–Brunhes (M–B) geomagnetic reversal facilitate the development of an age model for sedimentary and volcanic sequences and help decipher the dynamics of the Earth’s magnetic fi...

    Authors: Yuki Haneda, Makoto Okada, Yusuke Suganuma and Takahiro Kitamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:44

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:33

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:65

  29. Megathrust earthquakes that occur repeatedly along the plate interface of subduction zones can cause severe damage due to strong ground motion and the destructive tsunamis they can generate. We developed a set...

    Authors: Masaru Nakano, Shane Murphy, Ryoichiro Agata, Yasuhiko Igarashi, Masato Okada and Takane Hori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:45
  30. A detailed chronostratigraphic framework established by the mapping of tephra key beds and application of oxygen isotopic data allows assessment of the synchroneity and diachroneity of depositional systems for...

    Authors: Akihiko Takao, Keisuke Nakamura, Shinichi Takaoka, Masaya Fuse, Yohei Oda, Yasushi Shimano, Naohisa Nishida and Makoto Ito
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:37
  31. We present a novel paleomagnetic record for the lower Matuyama chronozone, which includes the Réunion subchronozone and the lower Olduvai polarity reversal, from a continuous section of a 168-m-thick on-land m...

    Authors: Takumi Konishi and Makoto Okada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:35
  32. The formation of compaction bands in porous brittle rocks such as sandstones and carbonates has a significant impact on the localization mechanisms preceding earth and planetary surface instabilities such as e...

    Authors: Xiao Chen, Hamid Roshan, Adelina Lv, Manman Hu and Klaus Regenauer-Lieb
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:28
  33. Terrestrial records of the last geomagnetic reversal often have few age constraints. Chronostratigraphy using suborbital-scale paleoceanic events during marine isotope stage 19 may contribute to solving this p...

    Authors: Masayuki Hyodo, Kenta Banjo, Tianshui Yang, Shigehiro Katoh, Meinan Shi, Yuki Yasuda, Jun-ichi Fukuda, Masako Miki and Balázs Bradák
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:26
  34. The longitudinal sound velocity (VP) and the density (ρ) of wüstite, FeO, were measured at pressures of up to 112.3 GPa and temperatures of up to 1700 K using both inelastic X-ray scattering and X-ray diffraction...

    Authors: Ryosuke Tanaka, Tatsuya Sakamaki, Eiji Ohtani, Hiroshi Fukui, Seiji Kamada, Akio Suzuki, Satoshi Tsutsui, Hiroshi Uchiyama and Alfred Q. R. Baron
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:23
  35. Using Global Navigation Satellite System–Acoustic (GNSS-A) technique, we have been developing observation system on a moored buoy for continuous monitoring of seafloor crustal deformation. The sound speed stru...

    Authors: Natsuki Kinugasa, Keiichi Tadokoro, Teruyuki Kato and Yukihiro Terada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:21
  36. Mantle tomography reveals the existence of two large low-shear-velocity provinces (LLSVPs) at the base of the mantle. We examine here the hypothesis that they are piles of oceanic crust that have steadily accu...

    Authors: Timothy D. Jones, Ross R. Maguire, Peter E. van Keken, Jeroen Ritsema and Paula Koelemeijer
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:17
  37. Lithogenic grain-size, geochemical elements of core sediments from the central Bay of Bengal (BoB) were analyzed to identify sediment provenance and explore the regional “source-sink” processes since 25 ka. Ba...

    Authors: Jingrui Li, Shengfa Liu, Xuefa Shi, Min-Te Chen, Hui Zhang, Aimei Zhu, Jingjing Cui, Somkiat Khokiattiwong and Narumol Kornkanitnan
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:16
  38. An understanding of the mechanisms of Ti is incorporation into silicate glasses and melts is critical for the field of petrology. Trace-element thermobarometry, high-field-strength element partitioning, and th...

    Authors: Michael R. Ackerson, George D. Cody and Bjorn O. Mysen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:14
  39. We here examined the sedimentation process of falling ash particles during a short-lived Vulcanian eruption at Sakurajima volcano, Japan, using high-speed camera imaging of airborne ash particles, as well as g...

    Authors: T. Miwa, Y. Iriyama, M. Nagai and F. Nanayama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:3
  40. On December 7, 2012, an earthquake occurred within the Pacific Plate near the Japan Trench, which was composed of deep reverse- and shallow normal-faulting subevents (Mw 7.2 and 7.1, respectively) with a time ...

    Authors: Tatsuya Kubota, Ryota Hino, Daisuke Inazu and Syuichi Suzuki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:67
  41. This paper presents the first detailed geologic map of in situ lower ocean crust; the product of six surveys of Atlantis Bank on the SW Indian Ridge. This combined with major and trace element compositions of ...

    Authors: Henry J. B. Dick, Astri J. S. Kvassnes, Paul T. Robinson, Christopher J. MacLeod and Hajimu Kinoshita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:64
  42. We assessed the positioning accuracy of GNSS-Acoustic (GNSS-A) measurement using a slackly moored buoy. A key feature of real-time buoy-based GNSS-A measurement is that positioning must be performed via single...

    Authors: Misae Imano, Motoyuki Kido, Chie Honsho, Yusaku Ohta, Narumi Takahashi, Tatsuya Fukuda, Hiroshi Ochi and Ryota Hino
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:56
  43. Ancient Mars likely hosted oceans similar to those on Earth; however, such water is not presently observed on Mars. One possible explanation for the lack of present-day oceans is that surface water was transpo...

    Authors: Ikuo Katayama, Yuhki Matsuoka and Shintaro Azuma
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:51