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  1. Content type: Research article

    Autocorrelation functions (ACFs) for ambient seismic noise are considered to be useful tools for estimating temporal changes in the subsurface structure. Velocity changes at Hakone volcano in central Japan, wh...

    Authors: Yohei Yukutake, Tomotake Ueno and Kazuki Miyaoka

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:29

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  2. Content type: Research article

    A simple stochastic cellular automaton model is proposed for simulating bedload transport, especially for cases with a low transport rate and where available sediments are very sparse on substrates in a subaqu...

    Authors: Noritaka Endo

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:28

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A detailed paleomagnetic record of the upper Olduvai polarity transition was obtained from a 106.72 m-long sediment core drilled in southern Yokohama City, located on the northern Miura Peninsula, on the Pacif...

    Authors: Chie Kusu, Makoto Okada, Atsushi Nozaki, Ryuichi Majima and Hideki Wada

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:26

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The Accessible Silicate Earth (ASE) has a higher 142Nd/144Nd ratio than most chondrites. Thus, if the Earth is assumed to have formed from these chondrites, a complement low-142Nd/144Nd reservoir is needed. Such ...

    Authors: Nozomi Kondo, Takashi Yoshino, Kyoko N. Matsukage and Tetsu Kogiso

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:25

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  5. Content type: Review

    We propose an emergency alert framework for geomagnetically induced currents (GICs), based on the empirically extreme values and theoretical upper limits of the solar wind parameters and of dB/dt, the time deriva...

    Authors: Ryuho Kataoka and Chigomezyo Ngwira

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:23

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  6. Content type: Research Article

    We investigate the influence of the sea surface temperature (SST) changes on the middle atmosphere of a tidally locked Earth-like planet orbiting a G star using the coupled 3D chemistry-climate model CESM1(WAC...

    Authors: Elisavet Proedrou, Klemens Hocke and Peter Wurz

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:22

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  7. Content type: Review

    The correct understanding of the transient response to external radiative perturbation is important for the interpretation of observed climate change, the prediction of near-future climate change, and committe...

    Authors: Masakazu Yoshimori, Masahiro Watanabe, Hideo Shiogama, Akira Oka, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Rumi Ohgaito and Youichi Kamae

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:21

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  8. Content type: Research article

    This is the first report on amphibole exsolution in pyrope from the Colorado Plateau. Pyrope crystals delivered from mantle depths underneath the Colorado Plateau by kimberlitic volcanism at 30 Ma were collect...

    Authors: Kunihiko Sakamaki, Yuto Sato and Yoshihide Ogasawara

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:20

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Extensive experimental studies on the structure and density of silicate glasses as laboratory analogs of natural silicate melts have attempted to address the nature of dense silicate melts that may be present ...

    Authors: Itaru Ohira, Motohiko Murakami, Shinji Kohara, Koji Ohara and Eiji Ohtani

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:18

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The success of sub-kilometer global atmospheric simulation opens the door for resolving deep convections, which are fundamental elements of cloudy disturbances that drive global circulation. A previous study f...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Kajikawa, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Ryuji Yoshida, Tsuyoshi Yamaura, Hisashi Yashiro and Hirofumi Tomita

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:16

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  11. Content type: Review

    We compiled the most relevant data acquired throughout the Philippine Sea Plate (PSP) from the early expeditions to the most recent. We also analyzed the various explanatory models in light of this updated dat...

    Authors: Serge Lallemand

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:15

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Hydrogen and carbon isotope systematics of H2O–H2–CO2–CH4 in hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis and their relation to H2 availability were investigated. Two H2-syntrophic cocultures of fermentatively hydrogenogenic ...

    Authors: Tomoyo Okumura, Shinsuke Kawagucci, Yayoi Saito, Yohei Matsui, Ken Takai and Hiroyuki Imachi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:14

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Multigrain X-ray diffraction (XRD) can be used to accurately calculate the unit cell parameters of individual mineral phases in a mineral assemblage contained in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). Coexisting post-per...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Yue Meng and Ho-kwang Mao

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:13

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Japanese historical documents reveal that Mw 8 class earthquakes have occurred every 100–150 years along the Suruga and Nankai troughs since the 684 Hakuho earthquake. These earthquakes have commonly caused la...

    Authors: Akihisa Kitamura

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:12

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  15. Content type: Review

    Many micropaleontological studies based on data from on-land sections, oil wells, and deep-sea drilling cores have provided important information about environmental changes in the Japan Sea that are related t...

    Authors: Takuya Itaki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:11

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Sound velocities of bridgmanite measured in the laboratory are a key to deciphering the composition of the lower mantle. Here, we report Debye sound velocities determined using nuclear inelastic scattering (NI...

    Authors: Catherine McCammon, Razvan Caracas, Konstantin Glazyrin, Vasily Potapkin, Anastasia Kantor, Ryosuke Sinmyo, Clemens Prescher, Ilya Kupenko, Aleksandr Chumakov and Leonid Dubrovinsky

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:10

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Because of the high energies involved, giant impacts that occur during planetary accretion cause large degrees of melting. The depth of melting in the target body after each collision determines the pressure a...

    Authors: Jellie de Vries, Francis Nimmo, H. Jay Melosh, Seth A. Jacobson, Alessandro Morbidelli and David C. Rubie

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:7

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  18. Content type: Research article

    In the densely populated region of East Asia, it is important to know the mechanism, scale, and frequency of heavy precipitation brought about during the monsoons and typhoons. However, observational data, whi...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Suzuki, Ryuji Tada, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Tomohisa Irino, Kana Nagashima, Takeshi Nakagawa and Takayuki Omori

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:5

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  19. Content type: Review

    Uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) and its linkage with the evolution of the Asian monsoon has been regarded as a typical example of a tectonic–climate linkage. Although this linkage remains unpr...

    Authors: Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng and Peter D. Clift

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:4

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  20. Content type: Review

    Volcanic ash has long been recognized in marine sediment, and given the prevalence of oceanic and continental arc volcanism around the globe in regard to widespread transport of ash, its presence is nearly ubi...

    Authors: Rachel P. Scudder, Richard W. Murray, Julie C. Schindlbeck, Steffen Kutterolf, Folkmar Hauff, Michael B. Underwood, Samantha Gwizd, Rebecca Lauzon and Claire C. McKinley

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:1

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Serpentinization of Al-depleted and Al-undepleted komatiites (and olivine for comparison) was experimentally characterized under high-temperature and high-pressure conditions of 300 °C and 500 bar to evaluate ...

    Authors: Takazo Shibuya, Motoko Yoshizaki, Masahiko Sato, Kenji Shimizu, Kentaro Nakamura, Soichi Omori, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Ken Takai, Hideo Tsunakawa and Shigenori Maruyama

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:46

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  22. Content type: Review

    This review summarizes the scientific background of and past/prospective update strategies for the development of the Aerosol Loading Interface for Cloud microphysics In Simulation (ALICIS). ALICIS provides a ...

    Authors: Takamichi Iguchi, In-Jin Choi, Yousuke Sato, Kentaroh Suzuki and Teruyuki Nakajima

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:45

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  23. Content type: Research article

    A severe accident occurred in March 2011 at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) operated by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), causing serious environmental pollution over a wide range co...

    Authors: Yasuhito Igarashi, Mizuo Kajino, Yuji Zaizen, Kouji Adachi and Masao Mikami

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:44

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  24. Content type: Review

    We reviewed three sea surface temperature (SST) proxies in the Okinawa Trough (OT): alkenones, planktonic foraminiferal Mg/Ca, and planktonic foraminiferal assemblages. The seasonal and vertical distribution p...

    Authors: Ryoung Ah Kim, Kyung Eun Lee and Si Woong Bae

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:43

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  25. Content type: Research

    Experiments simulating intense vortices associated with tornadoes that occurred on 6 May 2012 on the Kanto Plain, Japan, were performed with a nested local ensemble transform Kalman filter (LETKF) system. Inte...

    Authors: Hiromu Seko, Masaru Kunii, Sho Yokota, Tadashi Tsuyuki and Takemasa Miyoshi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:42

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Carbonate precipitation is a major process in the global carbon cycle. It was recently proposed that authigenic carbonate (carbonate precipitated in situ at the sediment–water interface and/or within the sedim...

    Authors: Masafumi Saitoh, Yuichiro Ueno, Yukio Isozaki, Takazo Shibuya, Jianxin Yao, Zhansheng Ji, Katsumi Shozugawa, Motoyuki Matsuo and Naohiro Yoshida

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:41

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  27. Content type: Research Article

    Assimilation of surface geomagnetic observations and geodynamo models has advanced very quickly in recent years. However, compared to advanced data assimilation systems in meteorology, geomagnetic data assimil...

    Authors: Weijia Kuang and Andrew Tangborn

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:40

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  28. Content type: Review

    Recent planetary space missions, new experimental data, and advanced numerical techniques have helped to improve our understanding of the deep interiors of the terrestrial planets and moons. In the present rev...

    Authors: Doris Breuer, Tina Rueckriemen and Tilman Spohn

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:39

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Throughout the Earth’s history, mass transport involved fluids. In order to address the circumstances under which Zr4+ may have been transported in this manner, its solubility behavior in aqueous fluid with and w...

    Authors: Bjorn Mysen

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:38

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Simultaneous measurements of elastic wave velocity and electrical conductivity in a brine-saturated granitic rock were conducted under confining pressures of up to 180 MPa. Contrasting changes in velocity and ...

    Authors: Tohru Watanabe and Akiyoshi Higuchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:37

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  31. Content type: Research Article

    Within the fluid iron cores of terrestrial planets, convection and the resulting generation of global magnetic fields are controlled by the overlying rocky mantle. The thermal structure of the lower mantle det...

    Authors: Wieland Dietrich, Johannes Wicht and Kumiko Hori

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:35

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Frequency-dependent reflection coefficients of P waves at the inner core boundary (ICB) are estimated from the spectral ratios of PKiKP and PcP waves observed by the high-sensitivity seismograph network (Hi-ne...

    Authors: Satoru Tanaka and Hrvoje Tkalčić

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:34

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  33. Content type: Research article

    In order to interpret the marine clastic record preserved in the sedimentary basins of the East Asian marginal seas, it is important to understand how sediment transport and chemical weathering affect the comp...

    Authors: Mengying He, Hongbo Zheng, Peter D. Clift, Ryuji Tada, Weihua Wu and Chao Luo

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:32

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  34. Content type: Research article

    A study of soil gases was made in North Carolina (USA) in and around morphological depressions called “Carolina bays.” This type of depression is observed over the Atlantic coastal plains of the USA, but their...

    Authors: Viacheslav Zgonnik, Valérie Beaumont, Eric Deville, Nikolay Larin, Daniel Pillot and Kathleen M. Farrell

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:31

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  35. Content type: Research

    Seismicity along the subducting plate interface shows regional variation, which has been explained by the seismic asperity model where large earthquakes occur at strongly coupled patches that are surrounded by...

    Authors: Ikuo Katayama, Tatsuro Kubo, Hiroshi Sakuma and Kenji Kawai

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:30

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  36. Content type: Review

    Our understanding of the dynamics of the Earth’s core can be advanced by a combination of observation, experiments, and simulations. A crucial aspect of the core is the interplay between the flow of the conduc...

    Authors: Matthew M. Adams, Douglas R. Stone, Daniel S. Zimmerman and Daniel P. Lathrop

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:29

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  37. Content type: Review

    The Scientific Committee on Solar–Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) of the International Council for Science (ICSU) implemented an international collaborative program called Climate and Weather of the Sun–Earth Syste...

    Authors: Toshitaka Tsuda, Marianna Shepherd and Nat Gopalswamy

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:28

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  38. Content type: Research article

    In the northwestern Pacific, the elastic properties of marine sediments, including P-wave velocities (Vp) and S wave velocities (Vs), have recently been constrained by active seismic surveys. However, information...

    Authors: Takashi Tonegawa, Yoshio Fukao, Gou Fujie, Shunsuke Takemura, Tsutomu Takahashi and Shuichi Kodaira

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:27

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  39. Content type: Review

    Mantle control on planetary dynamos is often studied by imposing heterogeneous core-mantle boundary (CMB) heat flux patterns on the outer boundary of numerical dynamo simulations. These patterns typically ente...

    Authors: Hagay Amit, Gaël Choblet, Peter Olson, Julien Monteux, Frédéric Deschamps, Benoit Langlais and Gabriel Tobie

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:26

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