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  1. For mid-latitude Rossby waves (RWs) in the atmosphere, the expression for the energy flux for use in a model diagnosis, and without relying on a Fourier analysis or a ray theory, has previously been derived us...

    Authors: Hidenori Aiki, Richard J. Greatbatch and Martin Claus

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:11

    Content type: Research Article

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  2. The phase and melting relations in the Fe–S–Si system were determined up to 60 GPa by using a double-sided laser-heated diamond anvil cell combined with X-ray diffraction. On the basis of the X-ray diffraction...

    Authors: Takanori Sakairi, Eiji Ohtani, Seiji Kamada, Takeshi Sakai, Tatsuya Sakamaki and Naohisa Hirao

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:10

    Content type: Research article

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  3. We study the hydrogen mobility in ringwoodite and wadsleyite considering multiple charge-balanced defects, including Mg < = > 2H, Si < = > Mg + 2H, and the hydrogarnet defect, Si < = > 4H, using molecular dyna...

    Authors: Razvan Caracas and Wendy R. Panero

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:9

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The coastal areas of the Sea of Japan are a well-known hotspot of winter lightning activity. This study distinguishes between three common types of winter lightning in that region (types A–C), based on their f...

    Authors: Daiki Tsurushima, Kiyotaka Sakaida and Noriyasu Honma

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:7

    Content type: Research article

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  5. High-resolution mapping along the coast and time-series measurements of the radon-222 (222Rn) concentrations in the shallow zone in a semi-enclosed sea, Obama Bay, Japan, were undertaken in 2013. The temporal and...

    Authors: Shiho Kobayashi, Ryo Sugimoto, Hisami Honda, Yoji Miyata, Daisuke Tahara, Osamu Tominaga, Jun Shoji, Makoto Yamada, Satoshi Nakada and Makoto Taniguchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:6

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) account for a large part of modern climate variability. Over the last decades, understanding of these modes of climate variabil...

    Authors: Luc Beaufort and Michaël Grelaud

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:5

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Asian summer monsoon exerts a strong influence on the hydrologic cycle in East Asia. Moreover, the distribution of heavy precipitation in the Yangtze River basin, which covers a large area of South China, ...

    Authors: Keita Saito, Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng, Tomohisa Irino, Chao Luo, Mengying He, Ke Wang and Yoshiaki Suzuki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:4

    Content type: Research article

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  8. A small mud volcano in Murono, Niigata Prefecture, north-central Japan, shows active ground surface displacements, not only when large earthquakes occur in the region but also during quiescent periods between ...

    Authors: Yuichi S. Hayakawa, Shigekazu Kusumoto and Nobuhisa Matta

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:3

    Content type: Research article

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  9. In this study, a new method is proposed for the depiction of the atmospheric transportation of the 137Cs emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident. This method employs a combination of the...

    Authors: Teruyuki Nakajima, Shota Misawa, Yu Morino, Haruo Tsuruta, Daisuke Goto, Junya Uchida, Toshihiko Takemura, Toshimasa Ohara, Yasuji Oura, Mitsuru Ebihara and Masaki Satoh

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:2

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The interplay of irreversible reactions and deformation during regional metamorphism was analyzed in the reaction zones between rodingite and serpentinite. Rodingites are leucocratic rocks found commonly in se...

    Authors: Tadao Nishiyama, Chisato Yoshida- Shiosaki, Yasushi Mori and Miki Shigeno

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:1

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To estimate the seismic velocity changes at different depths associated with a large earthquake, we apply passive image interferometry to two types of seismograms: KiK-net vertical pairs of earthquake records ...

    Authors: Kaoru Sawazaki, Tatsuhiko Saito, Tomotake Ueno and Katsuhiko Shiomi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:36

    Content type: Research article

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  12. To understand the chemical nature of hydrothermal fluids in the komatiite-hosted seafloor hydrothermal system in the Hadean, we conducted two hydrothermal serpentinization experiments involving synthetic komat...

    Authors: Hisahiro Ueda, Takazo Shibuya, Yusuke Sawaki, Masafumi Saitoh, Ken Takai and Shigenori Maruyama

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:35

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Located far from anthropogenic emission sources, high-altitude mountain stations are considered to be ideal sites for monitoring climatic and environmentally important baseline changes in free tropospheric tra...

    Authors: Sachiko Okamoto and Hiroshi Tanimoto

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:34

    Content type: Review

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  14. We discuss elastostatic effects on Mt. Fuji, the tallest volcano in Japan, due to historic earthquakes in Japan. The 1707 Hoei eruption, which was the most explosive historic eruption of Mt. Fuji, occurred 49 ...

    Authors: Masaki Hosono, Yuta Mitsui, Hidemi Ishibashi and Jun Kataoka

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:33

    Content type: Research

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  15. Satellite remote sensing of the macroscopic, microphysical, and optical properties of clouds are useful for studying spatial and temporal variations of clouds at various scales and constraining cloud physical ...

    Authors: Hironobu Iwabuchi, Masanori Saito, Yuka Tokoro, Nurfiena Sagita Putri and Miho Sekiguchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:32

    Content type: Research article

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  16. We reconstructed a 2D seismic wavefield and obtained its propagation properties by using the seismic gradiometry method together with dense observations of the Hi-net seismograph network in Japan. The seismic ...

    Authors: Takuto Maeda, Kiwamu Nishida, Ryota Takagi and Kazushige Obara

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:31

    Content type: Research article

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:37

  17. Subduction initiation is a key in understanding the dynamic evolution of the Earth and its fundamental difference to all other rocky planetary bodies in our solar system. Despite recent progress, the question ...

    Authors: Fabio Crameri and Paul J. Tackley

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:30

    Content type: Research Article

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  18. Autocorrelation functions (ACFs) for ambient seismic noise are considered to be useful tools for estimating temporal changes in the subsurface structure. Velocity changes at Hakone volcano in central Japan, wh...

    Authors: Yohei Yukutake, Tomotake Ueno and Kazuki Miyaoka

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:29

    Content type: Research article

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  19. A simple stochastic cellular automaton model is proposed for simulating bedload transport, especially for cases with a low transport rate and where available sediments are very sparse on substrates in a subaqu...

    Authors: Noritaka Endo

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:28

    Content type: Research article

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  20. A detailed paleomagnetic record of the upper Olduvai polarity transition was obtained from a 106.72 m-long sediment core drilled in southern Yokohama City, located on the northern Miura Peninsula, on the Pacif...

    Authors: Chie Kusu, Makoto Okada, Atsushi Nozaki, Ryuichi Majima and Hideki Wada

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:26

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The Accessible Silicate Earth (ASE) has a higher 142Nd/144Nd ratio than most chondrites. Thus, if the Earth is assumed to have formed from these chondrites, a complement low-142Nd/144Nd reservoir is needed. Such ...

    Authors: Nozomi Kondo, Takashi Yoshino, Kyoko N. Matsukage and Tetsu Kogiso

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:25

    Content type: Research article

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  22. We propose an emergency alert framework for geomagnetically induced currents (GICs), based on the empirically extreme values and theoretical upper limits of the solar wind parameters and of dB/dt, the time deriva...

    Authors: Ryuho Kataoka and Chigomezyo Ngwira

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:23

    Content type: Review

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  23. We investigate the influence of the sea surface temperature (SST) changes on the middle atmosphere of a tidally locked Earth-like planet orbiting a G star using the coupled 3D chemistry-climate model CESM1(WAC...

    Authors: Elisavet Proedrou, Klemens Hocke and Peter Wurz

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:22

    Content type: Research Article

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  24. The correct understanding of the transient response to external radiative perturbation is important for the interpretation of observed climate change, the prediction of near-future climate change, and committe...

    Authors: Masakazu Yoshimori, Masahiro Watanabe, Hideo Shiogama, Akira Oka, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Rumi Ohgaito and Youichi Kamae

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:21

    Content type: Review

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  25. This is the first report on amphibole exsolution in pyrope from the Colorado Plateau. Pyrope crystals delivered from mantle depths underneath the Colorado Plateau by kimberlitic volcanism at 30 Ma were collect...

    Authors: Kunihiko Sakamaki, Yuto Sato and Yoshihide Ogasawara

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:20

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Extensive experimental studies on the structure and density of silicate glasses as laboratory analogs of natural silicate melts have attempted to address the nature of dense silicate melts that may be present ...

    Authors: Itaru Ohira, Motohiko Murakami, Shinji Kohara, Koji Ohara and Eiji Ohtani

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:18

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The success of sub-kilometer global atmospheric simulation opens the door for resolving deep convections, which are fundamental elements of cloudy disturbances that drive global circulation. A previous study f...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Kajikawa, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Ryuji Yoshida, Tsuyoshi Yamaura, Hisashi Yashiro and Hirofumi Tomita

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:16

    Content type: Research article

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  28. We compiled the most relevant data acquired throughout the Philippine Sea Plate (PSP) from the early expeditions to the most recent. We also analyzed the various explanatory models in light of this updated dat...

    Authors: Serge Lallemand

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:15

    Content type: Review

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  29. Hydrogen and carbon isotope systematics of H2O–H2–CO2–CH4 in hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis and their relation to H2 availability were investigated. Two H2-syntrophic cocultures of fermentatively hydrogenogenic ...

    Authors: Tomoyo Okumura, Shinsuke Kawagucci, Yayoi Saito, Yohei Matsui, Ken Takai and Hiroyuki Imachi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:14

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Multigrain X-ray diffraction (XRD) can be used to accurately calculate the unit cell parameters of individual mineral phases in a mineral assemblage contained in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). Coexisting post-per...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Yue Meng and Ho-kwang Mao

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:13

    Content type: Research article

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  31. Japanese historical documents reveal that Mw 8 class earthquakes have occurred every 100–150 years along the Suruga and Nankai troughs since the 684 Hakuho earthquake. These earthquakes have commonly caused la...

    Authors: Akihisa Kitamura

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:12

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Many micropaleontological studies based on data from on-land sections, oil wells, and deep-sea drilling cores have provided important information about environmental changes in the Japan Sea that are related t...

    Authors: Takuya Itaki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:11

    Content type: Review

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  33. Sound velocities of bridgmanite measured in the laboratory are a key to deciphering the composition of the lower mantle. Here, we report Debye sound velocities determined using nuclear inelastic scattering (NI...

    Authors: Catherine McCammon, Razvan Caracas, Konstantin Glazyrin, Vasily Potapkin, Anastasia Kantor, Ryosuke Sinmyo, Clemens Prescher, Ilya Kupenko, Aleksandr Chumakov and Leonid Dubrovinsky

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:10

    Content type: Research article

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  34. Because of the high energies involved, giant impacts that occur during planetary accretion cause large degrees of melting. The depth of melting in the target body after each collision determines the pressure a...

    Authors: Jellie de Vries, Francis Nimmo, H. Jay Melosh, Seth A. Jacobson, Alessandro Morbidelli and David C. Rubie

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:7

    Content type: Research article

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  35. In the densely populated region of East Asia, it is important to know the mechanism, scale, and frequency of heavy precipitation brought about during the monsoons and typhoons. However, observational data, whi...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Suzuki, Ryuji Tada, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Tomohisa Irino, Kana Nagashima, Takeshi Nakagawa and Takayuki Omori

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:5

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) and its linkage with the evolution of the Asian monsoon has been regarded as a typical example of a tectonic–climate linkage. Although this linkage remains unpr...

    Authors: Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng and Peter D. Clift

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:4

    Content type: Review

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  37. Volcanic ash has long been recognized in marine sediment, and given the prevalence of oceanic and continental arc volcanism around the globe in regard to widespread transport of ash, its presence is nearly ubi...

    Authors: Rachel P. Scudder, Richard W. Murray, Julie C. Schindlbeck, Steffen Kutterolf, Folkmar Hauff, Michael B. Underwood, Samantha Gwizd, Rebecca Lauzon and Claire C. McKinley

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:1

    Content type: Review

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