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  1. Content type: Research

    Experiments simulating intense vortices associated with tornadoes that occurred on 6 May 2012 on the Kanto Plain, Japan, were performed with a nested local ensemble transform Kalman filter (LETKF) system. Inte...

    Authors: Hiromu Seko, Masaru Kunii, Sho Yokota, Tadashi Tsuyuki and Takemasa Miyoshi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:42

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Carbonate precipitation is a major process in the global carbon cycle. It was recently proposed that authigenic carbonate (carbonate precipitated in situ at the sediment–water interface and/or within the sedim...

    Authors: Masafumi Saitoh, Yuichiro Ueno, Yukio Isozaki, Takazo Shibuya, Jianxin Yao, Zhansheng Ji, Katsumi Shozugawa, Motoyuki Matsuo and Naohiro Yoshida

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:41

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  3. Content type: Research Article

    Assimilation of surface geomagnetic observations and geodynamo models has advanced very quickly in recent years. However, compared to advanced data assimilation systems in meteorology, geomagnetic data assimil...

    Authors: Weijia Kuang and Andrew Tangborn

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:40

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  4. Content type: Review

    Recent planetary space missions, new experimental data, and advanced numerical techniques have helped to improve our understanding of the deep interiors of the terrestrial planets and moons. In the present rev...

    Authors: Doris Breuer, Tina Rueckriemen and Tilman Spohn

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:39

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Throughout the Earth’s history, mass transport involved fluids. In order to address the circumstances under which Zr4+ may have been transported in this manner, its solubility behavior in aqueous fluid with and w...

    Authors: Bjorn Mysen

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:38

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Simultaneous measurements of elastic wave velocity and electrical conductivity in a brine-saturated granitic rock were conducted under confining pressures of up to 180 MPa. Contrasting changes in velocity and ...

    Authors: Tohru Watanabe and Akiyoshi Higuchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:37

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  7. Content type: Research Article

    Within the fluid iron cores of terrestrial planets, convection and the resulting generation of global magnetic fields are controlled by the overlying rocky mantle. The thermal structure of the lower mantle det...

    Authors: Wieland Dietrich, Johannes Wicht and Kumiko Hori

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:35

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Frequency-dependent reflection coefficients of P waves at the inner core boundary (ICB) are estimated from the spectral ratios of PKiKP and PcP waves observed by the high-sensitivity seismograph network (Hi-ne...

    Authors: Satoru Tanaka and Hrvoje Tkalčić

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:34

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  9. Content type: Research article

    In order to interpret the marine clastic record preserved in the sedimentary basins of the East Asian marginal seas, it is important to understand how sediment transport and chemical weathering affect the comp...

    Authors: Mengying He, Hongbo Zheng, Peter D. Clift, Ryuji Tada, Weihua Wu and Chao Luo

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:32

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  10. Content type: Research article

    A study of soil gases was made in North Carolina (USA) in and around morphological depressions called “Carolina bays.” This type of depression is observed over the Atlantic coastal plains of the USA, but their...

    Authors: Viacheslav Zgonnik, Valérie Beaumont, Eric Deville, Nikolay Larin, Daniel Pillot and Kathleen M. Farrell

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:31

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  11. Content type: Research

    Seismicity along the subducting plate interface shows regional variation, which has been explained by the seismic asperity model where large earthquakes occur at strongly coupled patches that are surrounded by...

    Authors: Ikuo Katayama, Tatsuro Kubo, Hiroshi Sakuma and Kenji Kawai

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:30

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  12. Content type: Review

    Our understanding of the dynamics of the Earth’s core can be advanced by a combination of observation, experiments, and simulations. A crucial aspect of the core is the interplay between the flow of the conduc...

    Authors: Matthew M. Adams, Douglas R. Stone, Daniel S. Zimmerman and Daniel P. Lathrop

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:29

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  13. Content type: Review

    The Scientific Committee on Solar–Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) of the International Council for Science (ICSU) implemented an international collaborative program called Climate and Weather of the Sun–Earth Syste...

    Authors: Toshitaka Tsuda, Marianna Shepherd and Nat Gopalswamy

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:28

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In the northwestern Pacific, the elastic properties of marine sediments, including P-wave velocities (Vp) and S wave velocities (Vs), have recently been constrained by active seismic surveys. However, information...

    Authors: Takashi Tonegawa, Yoshio Fukao, Gou Fujie, Shunsuke Takemura, Tsutomu Takahashi and Shuichi Kodaira

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:27

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  15. Content type: Review

    Mantle control on planetary dynamos is often studied by imposing heterogeneous core-mantle boundary (CMB) heat flux patterns on the outer boundary of numerical dynamo simulations. These patterns typically ente...

    Authors: Hagay Amit, Gaël Choblet, Peter Olson, Julien Monteux, Frédéric Deschamps, Benoit Langlais and Gabriel Tobie

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:26

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Rate-limiting processes and the degree of disequilibrium during metamorphic mineral growth are key controls on the rate of dehydration and hydration in the Earth’s crust. This paper examines diffusion-controll...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Miyazaki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:25

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  17. Content type: Research Article

    Fluid motions within planetary cores generate magnetic fields through dynamo action. These core processes are driven by thermo-compositional convection subject to the competing influences of rotation, which te...

    Authors: Krista M. Soderlund, Andrey Sheyko, Eric M. King and Jonathan M. Aurnou

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:24

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  18. Content type: Research article

    This study investigated the impact of several cloud microphysical schemes on the trade wind cumulus in the large eddy simulation model. To highlight the differences due to the cloud microphysical component, we...

    Authors: Yousuke Sato, Seiya Nishizawa, Hisashi Yashiro, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Yoshiyuki Kajikawa and Hirofumi Tomita

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:23

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Degassing of water during the ascent of hydrous magma in a volcanic edifice produces dramatic changes in the magma density and viscosity. This can profoundly affect the dynamics of volcanic eruptions. The wate...

    Authors: Charles Le Losq, Bjorn O. Mysen and George D. Cody

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:22

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  20. Content type: Review

    The EISCAT (European Incoherent SCATer) Scientific Association has provided versatile incoherent scatter (IS) radar facilities on the mainland of northern Scandinavia (the EISCAT UHF and VHF radar systems) and...

    Authors: Ian McCrea, Anita Aikio, Lucilla Alfonsi, Evgenia Belova, Stephan Buchert, Mark Clilverd, Norbert Engler, Björn Gustavsson, Craig Heinselman, Johan Kero, Mike Kosch, Hervé Lamy, Thomas Leyser, Yasunobu Ogawa, Kjellmar Oksavik, Asta Pellinen-Wannberg…

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:21

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  21. Content type: Research article

    During the last 50 years, we have made much progress in studying auroral substorms (consisting of the growth phase, the expansion phase, and the recovery phase). In particular, we have quantitatively learned abou...

    Authors: Syun-Ichi Akasofu

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:20

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The paired analyses of the Mg/Ca ratio and oxygen isotopic composition (δ 18Oc) of surface-dwelling planktonic foraminifera have become a widely used method for reconstructing the oxygen i...

    Authors: Keiji Horikawa, Tomohiro Kodaira, Jing Zhang and Masafumi Murayama

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:19

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  23. Content type: Research Article

    The strongly temperature-dependent viscosity of rocks leads to the formation of nearly rigid lithospheric plates. Previous studies showed that a very low yield stress might be necessary to weaken and mobilize ...

    Authors: Teresa Wong and Viatcheslav S Solomatov

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:18

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  24. Content type: Review

    The Kuroshio Current is a major western boundary current controlled by the North Pacific Gyre. It brings warm subtropical waters from the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool to Japan exerting a major control on Asian clima...

    Authors: Stephen J. Gallagher, Akihisa Kitamura, Yasufumi Iryu, Takuya Itaki, Itaru Koizumi and Peter W. Hoiles

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:17

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Large tsunamis occurring throughout the past several hundred years along the Sanriku Coast on the Pacific coast of northeastern Japan have been documented and observed. However, the risk of large tsunamis like...

    Authors: Daisuke Ishimura and Takahiro Miyauchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:16

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Mass movements caused by rainfall events in Taiwan are analyzed during a 7-year period from 2006 to 2012. Data from the Taiwan Soil and Water Conservation Bureau reports were compiled for 263 mass movement eve...

    Authors: Chi-Wen Chen, Hitoshi Saito and Takashi Oguchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:14

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  27. Content type: Review

    This paper presents an overview of results obtained during the CAWSES-II period on the short-term variability of the Sun and how it affects the near-Earth space environment. CAWSES-II was planned to examine th...

    Authors: Nat Gopalswamy, Bruce Tsurutani and Yihua Yan

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:13

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  28. Content type: Review

    Both eScience and Informatics, their conceptual approaches, methods, and extant technical solutions, are still relatively new approaches in many science fields. Collectively, they intend to facilitate the elec...

    Authors: Peter Fox and Janet Kozyra

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:12

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  29. Content type: Research Article

    Using observations of a moving cusp aurora from a high-sensitivity all-sky imager at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, and in situ observations of the precipitating particles from a spacecraft that flew over the aurora, we...

    Authors: Satoshi Taguchi, Keisuke Hosokawa and Yasunobu Ogawa

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:11

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  30. Content type: Research Article

    The recurring devastating earthquake that occurs in the Nankai Trough subduction zone between the Philippine Sea plate and the Eurasian plate has the potential to cause an extremely dangerous natural disaster ...

    Authors: Yusuke Yokota, Tadashi Ishikawa, Mariko Sato, Shun-ichi Watanabe, Hiroaki Saito, Naoto Ujihara, Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Shin-ichi Toyama, Masayuki Fujita, Tetsuichiro Yabuki, Masashi Mochizuki and Akira Asada

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:10

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Plasma structure in the nighttime equatorial F layer, often referred to as equatorial spread F (ESF), is not uniformly distributed, either in time or in space. Observations indicate that ESF in the bottomside F l...

    Authors: Roland T Tsunoda

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:9

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  32. Content type: Research Article

    We report a 6,000 years record of subglacial weathering and biogeochemical processes in two perennially ice-covered glacial lakes at Rundvågshetta, on the Soya Coast of Lützow-Holm Bay, East Antarctica. The tw...

    Authors: Yoshinori Takano, Hisaya Kojima, Eriko Takeda, Yusuke Yokoyama and Manabu Fukui

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:8

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  33. Content type: Research

    Japan and Russia have deeply rooted cultural traditions regarding natural landscape appreciation, share a common border, and have areas with similar natural environments. They differ, however, in cultural, his...

    Authors: Elena G Petrova, Yury V Mironov, Yoji Aoki, Hajime Matsushima, Satoshi Ebine, Katsunori Furuya, Anastasia Petrova, Norimasa Takayama and Hirofumi Ueda

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:6

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  34. Content type: Research Article

    Constraints on the Earth’s composition and on its radiogenic energy budget come from the detection of geoneutrinos. The Kamioka Liquid scintillator Antineutrino Detector (KamLAND) and Borexino experiments rece...

    Authors: Virginia Strati, Marica Baldoncini, Ivan Callegari, Fabio Mantovani, William F McDonough, Barbara Ricci and Gerti Xhixha

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:5

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  35. Content type: Review

    Determining the sound velocity of iron under extreme thermodynamic conditions is essential for a proper interpretation of seismic observations of the Earth’s core but is experimentally challenging. Here, we re...

    Authors: Daniele Antonangeli and Eiji Ohtani

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:3

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  36. Content type: Review

    The advent of new satellite missions, ground-based instrumentation networks, and the development of whole atmosphere models over the past decade resulted in a paradigm shift in understanding the variability of...

    Authors: Jens Oberheide, Kazuo Shiokawa, Subramanian Gurubaran, William E Ward, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Michael J Kosch, Jonathan J Makela and Hisao Takahashi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:2

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  37. Content type: Review

    We review the biochemical and physiological bases of the use of carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions as an approach for environmental and ecological studies. Biochemical processes commonly observed in the...

    Authors: Naohiko Ohkouchi, Nanako O Ogawa, Yoshito Chikaraishi, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Eitaro Wada

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:1

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  38. Content type: Research

    Of all terrestrial media (including vegetation and the atmosphere), soil is the largest store of carbon. Soils also have important functions such as water storage and plant support roles. However, at present, ...

    Authors: Yasushi Mori, Atsushi Fujihara and Kazuto Yamagishi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:30

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  39. Content type: Review

    Changes in the natural environment that are the result of human activities are becoming evident. Since these changes are interrelated and can not be investigated without interdisciplinary collaboration between...

    Authors: Tomohiro Hajima, Michio Kawamiya, Michio Watanabe, Etsushi Kato, Kaoru Tachiiri, Masahiro Sugiyama, Shingo Watanabe, Hideki Okajima and Akinori Ito

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:29

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  40. Content type: Research

    Natural moissanite (SiC) is reported from dozens of localities, most commonly from ultramafic rocks where it may be associated with diamond and iron silicides. Yet, formation conditions of moissanite remain in...

    Authors: Max W Schmidt, Changgui Gao, Anastasia Golubkova, Arno Rohrbach and James AD Connolly

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:27

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  41. Content type: Research

    We present the results of five experiments on F and Cl partitioning during hydrous mantle melting under conditions relevant to subduction zone magmatism (1.2–2.5 GPa, 1,180°C–1,430°C). For each experiment, we ...

    Authors: Célia Dalou, Kenneth T Koga, Marion Le Voyer and Nobumichi Shimizu

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:26

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  42. Content type: Research

    This study investigated the role of snowmelt runoff on water circulation, water mass formation, and the production of cultured scallop larvae, as a part of a land-sea linkage, by analyzing hydrological data in...

    Authors: Satoshi Nakada, Katsuhisa Baba, Masatoshi Sato, Masafumi Natsuike, Yoichi Ishikawa, Toshiyuki Awaji, Koji Koyamada and Sei-Ichi Saitoh

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:25

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  43. Content type: Research

    Colloids and their association with analogue elements, uranium, and rare earth elements (REEs), in deep granitic groundwater were investigated at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU). Groundwater...

    Authors: Takashi Munemoto, Kazuaki Ohmori and Teruki Iwatsuki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:28

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  44. Content type: Review

    This paper presents an overview of the main advances in the Key Questions identified by the Task Group ‘What is the Solar Influence on Climate’ by the SCOSTEP CAWSES-II science program. We go through different...

    Authors: Annika Seppälä, Katja Matthes, Cora E Randall and Irina A Mironova

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:24

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  45. Content type: Review

    Long-term trends in the mesosphere, thermosphere, and ionosphere are areas of research of increasing importance both because they are sensitive indicators of climatic change and because they affect satellite-b...

    Authors: Jan Laštovička, Gufran Beig and Daniel R Marsh

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:21

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