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  1. Megathrust earthquakes that occur repeatedly along the plate interface of subduction zones can cause severe damage due to strong ground motion and the destructive tsunamis they can generate. We developed a set...

    Authors: Masaru Nakano, Shane Murphy, Ryoichiro Agata, Yasuhiko Igarashi, Masato Okada and Takane Hori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:45
  2. Using an unmanned sailing vehicle, known as a Saildrone, we observed mesoscale and smaller scale structures of oceanic and atmospheric variables across the Kuroshio south of Japan during the winter of 2018/201...

    Authors: Akira Nagano and Kentaro Ando
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:43
  3. Mineral dust is the major source of external micro-nutrients such as iron (Fe) to the open ocean. However, large uncertainties in model estimates of Fe emissions and aerosol-bearing Fe solubility (i.e., the ra...

    Authors: Akinori Ito, Morgane M. G. Perron, Bernadette C. Proemse, Michal Strzelec, Melanie Gault-Ringold, Philip W. Boyd and Andrew R. Bowie
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:42
  4. Macroids and rhodoliths, made by encrusting acervulinid foraminifera and coralline algae, are widely recognized as bioengineers providing relatively stable microhabitats and increasing biodiversity for other s...

    Authors: Davide Bassi, Juan C. Braga, Masato Owada, Julio Aguirre, Jere H. Lipps, Hideko Takayanagi and Yasufumi Iryu
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:41
  5. Earth system models (ESMs) are commonly used for simulating the climate–carbon (C) cycle and for projecting future global warming. While ESMs are most often applied to century-long climate simulations, millenn...

    Authors: Tomohiro Hajima, Akitomo Yamamoto, Michio Kawamiya, Xuanming Su, Michio Watanabe, Rumi Ohgaito and Hiroaki Tatebe
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:40
  6. In August 2016, northern Japan was stuck by apparently unusual occurrence of the landfall of four typhoons and experienced record-breaking heavy precipitations. This study analyzed the extreme precipitations c...

    Authors: Sridhara Nayak and Tetsuya Takemi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:39
  7. The effective radiative forcing (ERF) of anthropogenic gases and aerosols under present-day conditions relative to preindustrial conditions is estimated using the Meteorological Research Institute Earth System...

    Authors: Naga Oshima, Seiji Yukimoto, Makoto Deushi, Tsuyoshi Koshiro, Hideaki Kawai, Taichu Y. Tanaka and Kohei Yoshida
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:38
  8. A detailed chronostratigraphic framework established by the mapping of tephra key beds and application of oxygen isotopic data allows assessment of the synchroneity and diachroneity of depositional systems for...

    Authors: Akihiko Takao, Keisuke Nakamura, Shinichi Takaoka, Masaya Fuse, Yohei Oda, Yasushi Shimano, Naohisa Nishida and Makoto Ito
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:37
  9. The Chiba composite section (CbCS), in the middle of the Boso Peninsula in central Japan, was ratified as the Global Boundary Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) for the Lower–Middle Pleistocene boundary, acco...

    Authors: Koji Kameo, Yoshimi Kubota, Yuki Haneda, Yusuke Suganuma and Makoto Okada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:36

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:48

  10. We present a novel paleomagnetic record for the lower Matuyama chronozone, which includes the Réunion subchronozone and the lower Olduvai polarity reversal, from a continuous section of a 168-m-thick on-land m...

    Authors: Takumi Konishi and Makoto Okada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:35
  11. Climate change currently affects the resilience and aquatic ecosystem. Climate change alters rainfall patterns which have a great impact on river flow. Annual flooding is an important hydrological characterist...

    Authors: Sophal Try, Shigenobu Tanaka, Kenji Tanaka, Takahiro Sayama, Giha Lee and Chantha Oeurng
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:34
  12. This study presents the results of the ERTDF S-12 project for searching an optimum reduction scenario of the short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) to simultaneously mitigate the global warming and environment...

    Authors: Teruyuki Nakajima, Toshimasa Ohara, Toshihiko Masui, Toshihiko Takemura, Kei Yoshimura, Daisuke Goto, Tatsuya Hanaoka, Syuichi Itahashi, Gakuji Kurata, Jun-ichi Kurokawa, Takashi Maki, Yuji Masutomi, Makiko Nakata, Tomoko Nitta, Xerxes Seposo, Kengo Sudo…
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:33
  13. Using the high-frequency lunar penetrating radar data obtained by the Chang’e-3 mission, we apply the frequency-shift method to calculate the decay rate of the electromagnetic wave in the regolith-like ejecta ...

    Authors: Chunyu Ding, Zhiyong Xiao, Yan Su, Jiannan Zhao and Jun Cui
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:32
  14. Permafrost is a large reservoir of soil organic carbon, accounting for about half of all the terrestrial storage, almost equivalent to twice the atmospheric carbon storage. Hence, permafrost degradation under ...

    Authors: Kazuyuki Saito, Hirokazu Machiya, Go Iwahana, Hiroshi Ohno and Tokuta Yokohata
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:31
  15. Reconstruction of monsoon evolution in the tropical Indian Ocean and evaluation of its influence on large-scale ocean circulation and sea-air interaction processes can help us understand climate driving mechan...

    Authors: Shengfa Liu, Hui Zhang, Xuefa Shi, Min-Te Chen, Peng Cao, Ziye Li, Rainer Arief Troa, Rina Zuraida, Eko Triarso and Hendrizan Marfasran
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:30
  16. We evaluate the Oyashio and Kuroshio fronts latitudinal transition under the projected climate change scenarios using eddy resolving regional ocean climate projection products from 1981 to 2100. The regional o...

    Authors: Haruka Nishikawa, Shiro Nishikawa, Hiroshi Ishizaki, Tsuyoshi Wakamatsu and Yoichi Ishikawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:29
  17. The formation of compaction bands in porous brittle rocks such as sandstones and carbonates has a significant impact on the localization mechanisms preceding earth and planetary surface instabilities such as e...

    Authors: Xiao Chen, Hamid Roshan, Adelina Lv, Manman Hu and Klaus Regenauer-Lieb
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:28
  18. Large-ensemble climate experiments were performed to simulate future climates for a + 1.5 K rise in the global mean surface air temperatures relative to preindustrial levels as a subset of the database for Pol...

    Authors: Masaya Nosaka, Masayoshi Ishii, Hideo Shiogama, Ryo Mizuta, Akihiko Murata, Hiroaki Kawase and Hidetaka Sasaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:27
  19. Terrestrial records of the last geomagnetic reversal often have few age constraints. Chronostratigraphy using suborbital-scale paleoceanic events during marine isotope stage 19 may contribute to solving this p...

    Authors: Masayuki Hyodo, Kenta Banjo, Tianshui Yang, Shigehiro Katoh, Meinan Shi, Yuki Yasuda, Jun-ichi Fukuda, Masako Miki and Balázs Bradák
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:26
  20. Fluctuations in sediment storage arising from sediment discharge and recharge in headwater channels are an important factor influencing changes in landforms in mountainous areas, but the frequency of surveys i...

    Authors: Haruka Tsunetaka, Norifumi Hotta, Yuichi S. Hayakawa and Fumitoshi Imaizumi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:24
  21. The longitudinal sound velocity (VP) and the density (ρ) of wüstite, FeO, were measured at pressures of up to 112.3 GPa and temperatures of up to 1700 K using both inelastic X-ray scattering and X-ray diffraction...

    Authors: Ryosuke Tanaka, Tatsuya Sakamaki, Eiji Ohtani, Hiroshi Fukui, Seiji Kamada, Akio Suzuki, Satoshi Tsutsui, Hiroshi Uchiyama and Alfred Q. R. Baron
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:23
  22. We investigated an alkenone-based sea surface temperature (SST) and the hydrographic change records of the subarctic Northwestern (NW) Pacific from the last glacial to interglacial. The core we investigated is...

    Authors: Pai-Sen Yu, Chia-Ju Liao, Min-Te Chen, Jian-Jun Zou, Xuefa Shi, A. A. Bosin, Sergey A. Gorbarenko and Yusuke Yokoyama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:22
  23. Using Global Navigation Satellite System–Acoustic (GNSS-A) technique, we have been developing observation system on a moored buoy for continuous monitoring of seafloor crustal deformation. The sound speed stru...

    Authors: Natsuki Kinugasa, Keiichi Tadokoro, Teruyuki Kato and Yukihiro Terada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:21
  24. The Indonesian sea is the only low-latitude pathway connecting two tropical oceans, which plays an important role in the coupled ocean-atmosphere mode in the Indo-Pacific sector. A small change in the sea surf...

    Authors: Iskhaq Iskandar, Wijaya Mardiansyah, Deni Okta Lestari and Yukio Masumoto
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:20
  25. For geochemical analysis such as stable isotope ratio, radiocarbon dating and minor element analysis for a single species of microfossils, a large number of specimens, is required. Collecting specimens one by ...

    Authors: Takuya Itaki, Yosuke Taira, Naoki Kuwamori, Toshinori Maebayashi, Satoshi Takeshima and Kenji Toya
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:19
  26. Retrieval of the properties of the middle and upper atmosphere can be performed using several different interferometric and photometric methods. The emission-shape and Doppler shift of both atomic and molecula...

    Authors: Chihoko Y. Cullens, Thomas J. Immel, Colin C. Triplett, Yen-Jung Wu, Scott L. England, Jeffrey M. Forbes and Guiping Liu
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:18
  27. Mantle tomography reveals the existence of two large low-shear-velocity provinces (LLSVPs) at the base of the mantle. We examine here the hypothesis that they are piles of oceanic crust that have steadily accu...

    Authors: Timothy D. Jones, Ross R. Maguire, Peter E. van Keken, Jeroen Ritsema and Paula Koelemeijer
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:17
  28. Lithogenic grain-size, geochemical elements of core sediments from the central Bay of Bengal (BoB) were analyzed to identify sediment provenance and explore the regional “source-sink” processes since 25 ka. Ba...

    Authors: Jingrui Li, Shengfa Liu, Xuefa Shi, Min-Te Chen, Hui Zhang, Aimei Zhu, Jingjing Cui, Somkiat Khokiattiwong and Narumol Kornkanitnan
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:16
  29. The geochemistry of the calcium carbonates of marine organisms is an excellent proxy for reconstruction of the paleoceanographic history. However, previous studies of hypercalcified demosponges (sclerosponges)...

    Authors: Ryuji Asami, Akira Kinjo, Daiki Ohshiro, Tohru Naruse, Masaru Mizuyama, Ryu Uemura, Ryuichi Shinjo, Yuji Ise, Yoshihisa Fujita and Takashi Sakamaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:15
  30. An understanding of the mechanisms of Ti is incorporation into silicate glasses and melts is critical for the field of petrology. Trace-element thermobarometry, high-field-strength element partitioning, and th...

    Authors: Michael R. Ackerson, George D. Cody and Bjorn O. Mysen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:14
  31. The three large volcanoes in the Tharsis region of Mars: Arsia, Pavonis, and Ascraeus Montes all have fan-shaped deposits (FSDs) on their northern or western flanks consisting of a combination of parallel ridg...

    Authors: Reid A. Parsons, Tomohiro Kanzaki, Ryodo Hemmi and Hideaki Miyamoto
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:13
  32. To investigate future changes in snow cover and snowfall over mountainous areas in central Japan, we conducted regional climate projections using a high-resolution non-hydrostatic regional climate model (NHRCM...

    Authors: Hiroaki Kawase, Takeshi Yamazaki, Shiori Sugimoto, Takahiro Sasai, Rui Ito, Takashi Hamada, Masatoshi Kuribayashi, Mikiko Fujita, Akihiko Murata, Masaya Nosaka and Hidetaka Sasaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:10
  33. An igneous clast from the Northwest Africa 773 (NWA 773) clan of lunar meteorites formed by silicic volcanism on the Moon. The clast was identified in Northwest Africa 2727 (NWA 2727), which is included in the...

    Authors: Hiroshi Nagaoka, Timothy J. Fagan, Masahiro Kayama, Yuzuru Karouji, Nobuyuki Hasebe and Mitsuru Ebihara
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:12
  34. The evolution of regional arid/humid patterns caused by global climate change deserves attention. We investigated the changes in the area of arid/humid climate regions over Asia under the aegis of national-com...

    Authors: Fang Wang and Jintao Zhang
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:11
  35. Analyses of large ensemble data on future climate are significantly useful for the probabilistic future projection of climate change in various interdisciplinary fields. However, the data volume of the Databas...

    Authors: Yujin Nakagawa, Yosuke Onoue, Shitnaro Kawahara, Fumiaki Araki, Koji Koyamada, Daisuke Matsuoka, Yoichi Ishikawa, Mikiko Fujita, Shiori Sugimoto, Yasuko Okada, Sho Kawazoe, Shingo Watanabe, Masayoshi Ishii, Ryo Mizuta, Akihiko Murata and Hiroaki Kawase
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:9
  36. The intensification of tropical cyclones (TCs) and wind-induced ocean waves is expected to be amplified under global warming conditions. In 2010, strong TC Tomas approached the Fiji Islands and caused severe d...

    Authors: Kenji Taniguchi and Yoshimitsu Tajima
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:8
  37. Sedimentary processes and spatial distributions of tsunami deposits in valleys have poorly been understood despite many paleo-tsunami deposits have recently been discovered from sedimentary sequences in valley...

    Authors: Tomoya Abe, Kazuhisa Goto and Daisuke Sugawara
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:7
  38. In this paper, we describe the design of the coupling library, Jcup, and report its various applications, including the coupling between global atmospheric and oceanic models of different grid systems. Jcup is...

    Authors: Takashi Arakawa, Takahiro Inoue, Hisashi Yashiro and Masaki Satoh
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:6
  39. The inner shelf sediments of the East China Sea (ECS) preserve valuable information regarding climatic changes on land through detrital material discharged from large rivers, particularly the Yangtze River. In...

    Authors: Ke Wang, Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng, Tomohisa Irino, Bin Zhou and Keita Saito
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:5
  40. This study investigated the representation of surface winds in complex terrain during the passage of Typhoon Sondga (2004) in downscaling simulations with the horizontal grid spacing of 200 m. The mountainous ...

    Authors: Tetsuya Takemi and Rui Ito
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:4
  41. We here examined the sedimentation process of falling ash particles during a short-lived Vulcanian eruption at Sakurajima volcano, Japan, using high-speed camera imaging of airborne ash particles, as well as g...

    Authors: T. Miwa, Y. Iriyama, M. Nagai and F. Nanayama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:3
  42. Salinity intrusion is a pressing issue in the coastal areas worldwide. It affects the natural environment and causes massive economic loss due to its impacts on the agricultural productivity and food safety. H...

    Authors: Kim-Anh Nguyen, Yuei-An Liou, Ha-Phuong Tran, Phi-Phung Hoang and Thanh-Hung Nguyen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:1
  43. On December 7, 2012, an earthquake occurred within the Pacific Plate near the Japan Trench, which was composed of deep reverse- and shallow normal-faulting subevents (Mw 7.2 and 7.1, respectively) with a time ...

    Authors: Tatsuya Kubota, Ryota Hino, Daisuke Inazu and Syuichi Suzuki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:67
  44. Mercury, the Solar System’s innermost planet, has an unusually massive core prompting speculation that the planet lost silicate after it formed. Using the unusually high sulfur and low iron composition of its ...

    Authors: George Helffrich, Ramon Brasser and Anat Shahar
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:66
  45. The global ocean monitoring system would benefit from improvements in the efficiency of Conductivity, Temperature, and Depth Device (CTD) sensor screening. Here, we describe the development of a new screening ...

    Authors: Shigeki Hosoda, Mizue Hirano, Takayuki Hashimukai, Satoko Asai and Noriko Kawakami
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:65
  46. This paper presents the first detailed geologic map of in situ lower ocean crust; the product of six surveys of Atlantis Bank on the SW Indian Ridge. This combined with major and trace element compositions of ...

    Authors: Henry J. B. Dick, Astri J. S. Kvassnes, Paul T. Robinson, Christopher J. MacLeod and Hajimu Kinoshita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:64
  47. The Jōmon period/culture corresponds to the Neolithic period/culture in Japanese prehistory. The Sannai-Maruyama site (5.9–4.2 cal. kyr BP), the most famous, the largest, and the well-studied mid-Holocene (mid...

    Authors: Hodaka Kawahata
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:63
  48. The impacts of aerosols on the charge distribution of hydrometeors and lightning flash density in a tropical cyclone (TC) were investigated using a meteorological model coupled with an explicit lightning model...

    Authors: Yousuke Sato, Yoshiaki Miyamoto and Hirofumi Tomita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2019 6:62