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  1. A study of soil gases was made in North Carolina (USA) in and around morphological depressions called “Carolina bays.” This type of depression is observed over the Atlantic coastal plains of the USA, but their...

    Authors: Viacheslav Zgonnik, Valérie Beaumont, Eric Deville, Nikolay Larin, Daniel Pillot and Kathleen M. Farrell

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:31

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Our understanding of the dynamics of the Earth’s core can be advanced by a combination of observation, experiments, and simulations. A crucial aspect of the core is the interplay between the flow of the conduc...

    Authors: Matthew M. Adams, Douglas R. Stone, Daniel S. Zimmerman and Daniel P. Lathrop

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:29

    Content type: Review

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  3. The Scientific Committee on Solar–Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) of the International Council for Science (ICSU) implemented an international collaborative program called Climate and Weather of the Sun–Earth Syste...

    Authors: Toshitaka Tsuda, Marianna Shepherd and Nat Gopalswamy

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:28

    Content type: Review

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  4. In the northwestern Pacific, the elastic properties of marine sediments, including P-wave velocities (Vp) and S wave velocities (Vs), have recently been constrained by active seismic surveys. However, information...

    Authors: Takashi Tonegawa, Yoshio Fukao, Gou Fujie, Shunsuke Takemura, Tsutomu Takahashi and Shuichi Kodaira

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:27

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Mantle control on planetary dynamos is often studied by imposing heterogeneous core-mantle boundary (CMB) heat flux patterns on the outer boundary of numerical dynamo simulations. These patterns typically ente...

    Authors: Hagay Amit, Gaël Choblet, Peter Olson, Julien Monteux, Frédéric Deschamps, Benoit Langlais and Gabriel Tobie

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:26

    Content type: Review

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  6. Rate-limiting processes and the degree of disequilibrium during metamorphic mineral growth are key controls on the rate of dehydration and hydration in the Earth’s crust. This paper examines diffusion-controll...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Miyazaki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:25

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Fluid motions within planetary cores generate magnetic fields through dynamo action. These core processes are driven by thermo-compositional convection subject to the competing influences of rotation, which te...

    Authors: Krista M. Soderlund, Andrey Sheyko, Eric M. King and Jonathan M. Aurnou

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:24

    Content type: Research Article

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  8. This study investigated the impact of several cloud microphysical schemes on the trade wind cumulus in the large eddy simulation model. To highlight the differences due to the cloud microphysical component, we...

    Authors: Yousuke Sato, Seiya Nishizawa, Hisashi Yashiro, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Yoshiyuki Kajikawa and Hirofumi Tomita

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:23

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Degassing of water during the ascent of hydrous magma in a volcanic edifice produces dramatic changes in the magma density and viscosity. This can profoundly affect the dynamics of volcanic eruptions. The wate...

    Authors: Charles Le Losq, Bjorn O. Mysen and George D. Cody

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:22

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The EISCAT (European Incoherent SCATer) Scientific Association has provided versatile incoherent scatter (IS) radar facilities on the mainland of northern Scandinavia (the EISCAT UHF and VHF radar systems) and...

    Authors: Ian McCrea, Anita Aikio, Lucilla Alfonsi, Evgenia Belova, Stephan Buchert, Mark Clilverd, Norbert Engler, Björn Gustavsson, Craig Heinselman, Johan Kero, Mike Kosch, Hervé Lamy, Thomas Leyser, Yasunobu Ogawa, Kjellmar Oksavik, Asta Pellinen-Wannberg…

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:21

    Content type: Review

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  11. During the last 50 years, we have made much progress in studying auroral substorms (consisting of the growth phase, the expansion phase, and the recovery phase). In particular, we have quantitatively learned abou...

    Authors: Syun-Ichi Akasofu

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:20

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The paired analyses of the Mg/Ca ratio and oxygen isotopic composition (δ 18Oc) of surface-dwelling planktonic foraminifera have become a widely used method for reconstructing the oxygen i...

    Authors: Keiji Horikawa, Tomohiro Kodaira, Jing Zhang and Masafumi Murayama

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:19

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The strongly temperature-dependent viscosity of rocks leads to the formation of nearly rigid lithospheric plates. Previous studies showed that a very low yield stress might be necessary to weaken and mobilize ...

    Authors: Teresa Wong and Viatcheslav S Solomatov

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:18

    Content type: Research Article

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  14. The Kuroshio Current is a major western boundary current controlled by the North Pacific Gyre. It brings warm subtropical waters from the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool to Japan exerting a major control on Asian clima...

    Authors: Stephen J. Gallagher, Akihisa Kitamura, Yasufumi Iryu, Takuya Itaki, Itaru Koizumi and Peter W. Hoiles

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:17

    Content type: Review

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  15. Large tsunamis occurring throughout the past several hundred years along the Sanriku Coast on the Pacific coast of northeastern Japan have been documented and observed. However, the risk of large tsunamis like...

    Authors: Daisuke Ishimura and Takahiro Miyauchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:16

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Mass movements caused by rainfall events in Taiwan are analyzed during a 7-year period from 2006 to 2012. Data from the Taiwan Soil and Water Conservation Bureau reports were compiled for 263 mass movement eve...

    Authors: Chi-Wen Chen, Hitoshi Saito and Takashi Oguchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:14

    Content type: Research article

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  17. This paper presents an overview of results obtained during the CAWSES-II period on the short-term variability of the Sun and how it affects the near-Earth space environment. CAWSES-II was planned to examine th...

    Authors: Nat Gopalswamy, Bruce Tsurutani and Yihua Yan

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:13

    Content type: Review

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  18. Both eScience and Informatics, their conceptual approaches, methods, and extant technical solutions, are still relatively new approaches in many science fields. Collectively, they intend to facilitate the elec...

    Authors: Peter Fox and Janet Kozyra

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:12

    Content type: Review

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  19. Using observations of a moving cusp aurora from a high-sensitivity all-sky imager at Longyearbyen, Svalbard, and in situ observations of the precipitating particles from a spacecraft that flew over the aurora, we...

    Authors: Satoshi Taguchi, Keisuke Hosokawa and Yasunobu Ogawa

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:11

    Content type: Research Article

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  20. The recurring devastating earthquake that occurs in the Nankai Trough subduction zone between the Philippine Sea plate and the Eurasian plate has the potential to cause an extremely dangerous natural disaster ...

    Authors: Yusuke Yokota, Tadashi Ishikawa, Mariko Sato, Shun-ichi Watanabe, Hiroaki Saito, Naoto Ujihara, Yoshihiro Matsumoto, Shin-ichi Toyama, Masayuki Fujita, Tetsuichiro Yabuki, Masashi Mochizuki and Akira Asada

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:10

    Content type: Research Article

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  21. Plasma structure in the nighttime equatorial F layer, often referred to as equatorial spread F (ESF), is not uniformly distributed, either in time or in space. Observations indicate that ESF in the bottomside F l...

    Authors: Roland T Tsunoda

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:9

    Content type: Research article

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  22. We report a 6,000 years record of subglacial weathering and biogeochemical processes in two perennially ice-covered glacial lakes at Rundvågshetta, on the Soya Coast of Lützow-Holm Bay, East Antarctica. The tw...

    Authors: Yoshinori Takano, Hisaya Kojima, Eriko Takeda, Yusuke Yokoyama and Manabu Fukui

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:8

    Content type: Research Article

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  23. Japan and Russia have deeply rooted cultural traditions regarding natural landscape appreciation, share a common border, and have areas with similar natural environments. They differ, however, in cultural, his...

    Authors: Elena G Petrova, Yury V Mironov, Yoji Aoki, Hajime Matsushima, Satoshi Ebine, Katsunori Furuya, Anastasia Petrova, Norimasa Takayama and Hirofumi Ueda

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:6

    Content type: Research

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  24. Constraints on the Earth’s composition and on its radiogenic energy budget come from the detection of geoneutrinos. The Kamioka Liquid scintillator Antineutrino Detector (KamLAND) and Borexino experiments rece...

    Authors: Virginia Strati, Marica Baldoncini, Ivan Callegari, Fabio Mantovani, William F McDonough, Barbara Ricci and Gerti Xhixha

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:5

    Content type: Research Article

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  25. Determining the sound velocity of iron under extreme thermodynamic conditions is essential for a proper interpretation of seismic observations of the Earth’s core but is experimentally challenging. Here, we re...

    Authors: Daniele Antonangeli and Eiji Ohtani

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:3

    Content type: Review

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  26. The advent of new satellite missions, ground-based instrumentation networks, and the development of whole atmosphere models over the past decade resulted in a paradigm shift in understanding the variability of...

    Authors: Jens Oberheide, Kazuo Shiokawa, Subramanian Gurubaran, William E Ward, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Michael J Kosch, Jonathan J Makela and Hisao Takahashi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:2

    Content type: Review

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  27. We review the biochemical and physiological bases of the use of carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions as an approach for environmental and ecological studies. Biochemical processes commonly observed in the...

    Authors: Naohiko Ohkouchi, Nanako O Ogawa, Yoshito Chikaraishi, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Eitaro Wada

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:1

    Content type: Review

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  28. Of all terrestrial media (including vegetation and the atmosphere), soil is the largest store of carbon. Soils also have important functions such as water storage and plant support roles. However, at present, ...

    Authors: Yasushi Mori, Atsushi Fujihara and Kazuto Yamagishi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:30

    Content type: Research

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  29. Changes in the natural environment that are the result of human activities are becoming evident. Since these changes are interrelated and can not be investigated without interdisciplinary collaboration between...

    Authors: Tomohiro Hajima, Michio Kawamiya, Michio Watanabe, Etsushi Kato, Kaoru Tachiiri, Masahiro Sugiyama, Shingo Watanabe, Hideki Okajima and Akinori Ito

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:29

    Content type: Review

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  30. Natural moissanite (SiC) is reported from dozens of localities, most commonly from ultramafic rocks where it may be associated with diamond and iron silicides. Yet, formation conditions of moissanite remain in...

    Authors: Max W Schmidt, Changgui Gao, Anastasia Golubkova, Arno Rohrbach and James AD Connolly

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:27

    Content type: Research

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  31. We present the results of five experiments on F and Cl partitioning during hydrous mantle melting under conditions relevant to subduction zone magmatism (1.2–2.5 GPa, 1,180°C–1,430°C). For each experiment, we ...

    Authors: Célia Dalou, Kenneth T Koga, Marion Le Voyer and Nobumichi Shimizu

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:26

    Content type: Research

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  32. This study investigated the role of snowmelt runoff on water circulation, water mass formation, and the production of cultured scallop larvae, as a part of a land-sea linkage, by analyzing hydrological data in...

    Authors: Satoshi Nakada, Katsuhisa Baba, Masatoshi Sato, Masafumi Natsuike, Yoichi Ishikawa, Toshiyuki Awaji, Koji Koyamada and Sei-Ichi Saitoh

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:25

    Content type: Research

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  33. Colloids and their association with analogue elements, uranium, and rare earth elements (REEs), in deep granitic groundwater were investigated at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU). Groundwater...

    Authors: Takashi Munemoto, Kazuaki Ohmori and Teruki Iwatsuki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:28

    Content type: Research

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  34. This paper presents an overview of the main advances in the Key Questions identified by the Task Group ‘What is the Solar Influence on Climate’ by the SCOSTEP CAWSES-II science program. We go through different...

    Authors: Annika Seppälä, Katja Matthes, Cora E Randall and Irina A Mironova

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:24

    Content type: Review

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  35. Long-term trends in the mesosphere, thermosphere, and ionosphere are areas of research of increasing importance both because they are sensitive indicators of climatic change and because they affect satellite-b...

    Authors: Jan Laštovička, Gufran Beig and Daniel R Marsh

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:21

    Content type: Review

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  36. This article reviews the development of a global non-hydrostatic model, focusing on the pioneering research of the Non-hydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM). Very high resolution global atmospheric...

    Authors: Masaki Satoh, Hirofumi Tomita, Hisashi Yashiro, Hiroaki Miura, Chihiro Kodama, Tatsuya Seiki, Akira T Noda, Yohei Yamada, Daisuke Goto, Masahiro Sawada, Takemasa Miyoshi, Yosuke Niwa, Masayuki Hara, Tomoki Ohno, Shin-ichi Iga, Takashi Arakawa…

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:18

    Content type: Review

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  37. The present study proposes an improved conceptual model for the hydrothermal system in the Tatun Volcano Group in northern Taiwan. In the study, audio-magnetotellurics (AMT) surveys were conducted to reveal th...

    Authors: Shogo Komori, Mitsuru Utsugi, Tsuneomi Kagiyama, Hiroyuki Inoue, Chang-Hwa Chen, Hsieh-Tang Chiang, Benjamin Fong Chao, Ryokei Yoshimura and Wataru Kanda

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:20

    Content type: Research

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  38. The tropopause inversion layer (TIL) is a persistent layer with high static stability. Although some mechanisms for the formation of the TIL have been proposed, the time evolution of the TIL under realistic co...

    Authors: Shigenori Otsuka, Megumi Takeshita and Shigeo Yoden

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:19

    Content type: Research

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  39. A campaign was conducted from 23 July to 5 August 2010 to measure atmospheric precipitable water vapor (PWV) using five Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, stationed at four different locations in Jakar...

    Authors: Eugenio Realini, Kazutoshi Sato, Toshitaka Tsuda, Susilo and Timbul Manik

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:17

    Content type: Research

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  40. This paper reports simultaneous observations of ionospheric scintillation during an auroral substorm that were made using an all-sky full-color digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera (ASC) and a Global Posit...

    Authors: Keisuke Hosokawa, Yuichi Otsuka, Yasunobu Ogawa and Takuya Tsugawa

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:16

    Content type: Research

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  41. We quantitatively investigated the eighth century heavy metal pollution in Heijo-kyo (Ancient Nara), the first large, international city of Japan. In this metropolis, mercury, copper, and lead levels in soil w...

    Authors: Hodaka Kawahata, Shusuke Yamashita, Kyoko Yamaoka, Takashi Okai, Gen Shimoda and Noboru Imai

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:15

    Content type: Research

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  42. Understanding oceanic responses to typhoons and the impacts those responses have on the typhoons themselves is important so that typhoon predictions performed using numerical models and typhoon forecasts can b...

    Authors: Akiyoshi Wada, Tomohiro Uehara and Shiro Ishizaki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:11

    Content type: Research

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