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  1. Japan and Russia have deeply rooted cultural traditions regarding natural landscape appreciation, share a common border, and have areas with similar natural environments. They differ, however, in cultural, his...

    Authors: Elena G Petrova, Yury V Mironov, Yoji Aoki, Hajime Matsushima, Satoshi Ebine, Katsunori Furuya, Anastasia Petrova, Norimasa Takayama and Hirofumi Ueda
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:6
  2. Constraints on the Earth’s composition and on its radiogenic energy budget come from the detection of geoneutrinos. The Kamioka Liquid scintillator Antineutrino Detector (KamLAND) and Borexino experiments rece...

    Authors: Virginia Strati, Marica Baldoncini, Ivan Callegari, Fabio Mantovani, William F McDonough, Barbara Ricci and Gerti Xhixha
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:5
  3. Determining the sound velocity of iron under extreme thermodynamic conditions is essential for a proper interpretation of seismic observations of the Earth’s core but is experimentally challenging. Here, we re...

    Authors: Daniele Antonangeli and Eiji Ohtani
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:3
  4. The advent of new satellite missions, ground-based instrumentation networks, and the development of whole atmosphere models over the past decade resulted in a paradigm shift in understanding the variability of...

    Authors: Jens Oberheide, Kazuo Shiokawa, Subramanian Gurubaran, William E Ward, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Michael J Kosch, Jonathan J Makela and Hisao Takahashi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:2
  5. We review the biochemical and physiological bases of the use of carbon and nitrogen isotopic compositions as an approach for environmental and ecological studies. Biochemical processes commonly observed in the...

    Authors: Naohiko Ohkouchi, Nanako O Ogawa, Yoshito Chikaraishi, Hiroyuki Tanaka and Eitaro Wada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:1
  6. Of all terrestrial media (including vegetation and the atmosphere), soil is the largest store of carbon. Soils also have important functions such as water storage and plant support roles. However, at present, ...

    Authors: Yasushi Mori, Atsushi Fujihara and Kazuto Yamagishi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:30
  7. Changes in the natural environment that are the result of human activities are becoming evident. Since these changes are interrelated and can not be investigated without interdisciplinary collaboration between...

    Authors: Tomohiro Hajima, Michio Kawamiya, Michio Watanabe, Etsushi Kato, Kaoru Tachiiri, Masahiro Sugiyama, Shingo Watanabe, Hideki Okajima and Akinori Ito
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:29
  8. Natural moissanite (SiC) is reported from dozens of localities, most commonly from ultramafic rocks where it may be associated with diamond and iron silicides. Yet, formation conditions of moissanite remain in...

    Authors: Max W Schmidt, Changgui Gao, Anastasia Golubkova, Arno Rohrbach and James AD Connolly
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:27
  9. We present the results of five experiments on F and Cl partitioning during hydrous mantle melting under conditions relevant to subduction zone magmatism (1.2–2.5 GPa, 1,180°C–1,430°C). For each experiment, we ...

    Authors: Célia Dalou, Kenneth T Koga, Marion Le Voyer and Nobumichi Shimizu
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:26
  10. This study investigated the role of snowmelt runoff on water circulation, water mass formation, and the production of cultured scallop larvae, as a part of a land-sea linkage, by analyzing hydrological data in...

    Authors: Satoshi Nakada, Katsuhisa Baba, Masatoshi Sato, Masafumi Natsuike, Yoichi Ishikawa, Toshiyuki Awaji, Koji Koyamada and Sei-Ichi Saitoh
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:25
  11. Colloids and their association with analogue elements, uranium, and rare earth elements (REEs), in deep granitic groundwater were investigated at the Mizunami Underground Research Laboratory (MIU). Groundwater...

    Authors: Takashi Munemoto, Kazuaki Ohmori and Teruki Iwatsuki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:28
  12. This paper presents an overview of the main advances in the Key Questions identified by the Task Group ‘What is the Solar Influence on Climate’ by the SCOSTEP CAWSES-II science program. We go through different...

    Authors: Annika Seppälä, Katja Matthes, Cora E Randall and Irina A Mironova
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:24
  13. Long-term trends in the mesosphere, thermosphere, and ionosphere are areas of research of increasing importance both because they are sensitive indicators of climatic change and because they affect satellite-b...

    Authors: Jan Laštovička, Gufran Beig and Daniel R Marsh
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:21
  14. This article reviews the development of a global non-hydrostatic model, focusing on the pioneering research of the Non-hydrostatic Icosahedral Atmospheric Model (NICAM). Very high resolution global atmospheric...

    Authors: Masaki Satoh, Hirofumi Tomita, Hisashi Yashiro, Hiroaki Miura, Chihiro Kodama, Tatsuya Seiki, Akira T Noda, Yohei Yamada, Daisuke Goto, Masahiro Sawada, Takemasa Miyoshi, Yosuke Niwa, Masayuki Hara, Tomoki Ohno, Shin-ichi Iga, Takashi Arakawa…
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:18
  15. The present study proposes an improved conceptual model for the hydrothermal system in the Tatun Volcano Group in northern Taiwan. In the study, audio-magnetotellurics (AMT) surveys were conducted to reveal th...

    Authors: Shogo Komori, Mitsuru Utsugi, Tsuneomi Kagiyama, Hiroyuki Inoue, Chang-Hwa Chen, Hsieh-Tang Chiang, Benjamin Fong Chao, Ryokei Yoshimura and Wataru Kanda
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:20
  16. The tropopause inversion layer (TIL) is a persistent layer with high static stability. Although some mechanisms for the formation of the TIL have been proposed, the time evolution of the TIL under realistic co...

    Authors: Shigenori Otsuka, Megumi Takeshita and Shigeo Yoden
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:19
  17. A campaign was conducted from 23 July to 5 August 2010 to measure atmospheric precipitable water vapor (PWV) using five Global Positioning System (GPS) receivers, stationed at four different locations in Jakar...

    Authors: Eugenio Realini, Kazutoshi Sato, Toshitaka Tsuda, Susilo and Timbul Manik
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:17
  18. This paper reports simultaneous observations of ionospheric scintillation during an auroral substorm that were made using an all-sky full-color digital single-lens reflex (DSLR) camera (ASC) and a Global Posit...

    Authors: Keisuke Hosokawa, Yuichi Otsuka, Yasunobu Ogawa and Takuya Tsugawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:16
  19. We quantitatively investigated the eighth century heavy metal pollution in Heijo-kyo (Ancient Nara), the first large, international city of Japan. In this metropolis, mercury, copper, and lead levels in soil w...

    Authors: Hodaka Kawahata, Shusuke Yamashita, Kyoko Yamaoka, Takashi Okai, Gen Shimoda and Noboru Imai
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:15
  20. Understanding oceanic responses to typhoons and the impacts those responses have on the typhoons themselves is important so that typhoon predictions performed using numerical models and typhoon forecasts can b...

    Authors: Akiyoshi Wada, Tomohiro Uehara and Shiro Ishizaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:11
  21. Accurate determination of denudation rates is important in understanding Earth surface system dynamics. In situ produced cosmogenic nuclides, such as 10Be and 26Al, provide a valuable insight but are not entirely...

    Authors: Atsunori Nakamura, Yusuke Yokoyama, Kazuyo Shiroya, Yosuke Miyairi and Hiroyuki Matsuzaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:9
  22. Frictional properties on a fault cannot be uniform, and one idealization would be a hierarchical asperity concept in which a large, tough patch (Patch L, radius R L and nucleati...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Noda, Masao Nakatani and Takane Hori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:8
  23. The basin-forming process along a convergent margin off the eastern coast of Eurasia was pursued on the basis of geological, geochemical, and geophysical approaches. Central Hokkaido has been a site of vigorou...

    Authors: Yasuto Itoh, Osamu Takano, Shigekazu Kusumoto and Machiko Tamaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:6
  24. In the past few decades, chemosynthetic ecosystems at deep-sea hydrothermal vents have received attention as plausible analogues to the early ecosystems of Earth, as well as to extraterrestrial ecosystems. The...

    Authors: Kentaro Nakamura and Ken Takai
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2014 1:5