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  1. Image data classification using machine learning is an effective method for detecting atmospheric phenomena. However, extreme weather events with a small number of cases cause a decrease in classification pred...

    Authors: Daisuke Matsuoka
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:68
  2. The strain energy released during an earthquake is consumed by processes related to seismic radiation or dissipation. Deep fault drilling and subsequent temperature measurements in a thick fault zone immediate...

    Authors: Shunya Kaneki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:67
  3. We investigated diatom assemblages for the last 19 ka in a piston core KY07-04 PC01 collected from the northern Okinawa Trough, East China Sea. Most of the diatom taxa in the Core KY07-04 PC01 were subtropical...

    Authors: Keiko Shirota, Yusuke Okazaki, Susumu Konno, Yosuke Miyairi, Yusuke Yokoyama and Yoshimi Kubota
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:66
  4. This paper explores the evolutional process of back-arc basin (BAB) magma system at final spreading stage of extinct BAB, Shikoku Basin (Philippine Sea) and assesses its tectonic evolution using a newly discov...

    Authors: Norikatsu Akizawa, Yasuhiko Ohara, Kyoko Okino, Osamu Ishizuka, Hiroyuki Yamashita, Shiki Machida, Alessio Sanfilippo, Valentin Basch, Jonathan E. Snow, Atlanta Sen, Ken-ichi Hirauchi, Katsuyoshi Michibayashi, Yumiko Harigane, Masakazu Fujii, Hisashi Asanuma and Takafumi Hirata
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:65
  5. The GNSS-A technique is an observation method that can detect seafloor crustal deformations with centimeter-level positioning accuracy. The GNSS-A seafloor geodetic observation array operated by the Japan Coas...

    Authors: Yusuke Yokota, Tadashi Ishikawa, Shun-ichi Watanabe and Yuto Nakamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:63
  6. We present the first data describing molecular evidence of planktonic coenzyme factor 430 (hereafter referred to as F430), a key signature of methanogenic archaea, obtained from a water column sample in a fres...

    Authors: Atsushi Urai, Makoto Matsushita, Ho-Dong Park, Hiroyuki Imachi, Miyuki Ogawara, Hiroki Iwata, Masanori Kaneko, Nanako O. Ogawa, Naohiko Ohkouchi and Yoshinori Takano
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:62
  7. We report on the mineralogy, petrography, and O and Al-Mg isotopic systematics of secondary mineralization in the metasomatically altered igneous Ca,Al-rich inclusions (CAIs) [compact type A (CTA), B1, B2, for...

    Authors: Alexander N. Krot, Michail I. Petaev and Kazuhide Nagashima
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:61
  8. Several mountainous river basins in Japan do not have a consistent hydrological record due to their complex environment and remoteness, as discharge measurements are not economically feasible. However, underst...

    Authors: Shakti P.C. and Kaoru Sawazaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:58
  9. The Sulawesi earthquake with a moment magnitude of Mw 7.5 struck the Central Sulawesi region of the Sulawesi Island, Indonesia, on September 28, 2018. The epicenter of the earthquake was located in the mountainou...

    Authors: Divyesh Rohit, Hemanta Hazarika, Tsubasa Maeda, Wa Ode Sumartini, Takaji Kokusho, Siavash Manafi Khajeh Pasha and Sukiman Nurdin
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:60
  10. Hypervelocity impacts are among the fundamental phenomena occurring during the evolution of the solar system and are characterized by instantaneous ultrahigh pressure and temperature. Varied physicochemical ch...

    Authors: Masaaki Miyahara, Naotaka Tomioka and Luca Bindi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:59
  11. We developed a snowdrift model to evaluate the snowdrift height around snow fences, which are often installed along roads in snowy, windy locations. The model consisted of the conventional computational fluid ...

    Authors: Seika Tanji, Masaru Inatsu and Tsubasa Okaze
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:57
  12. This review article summarizes the advancement in the studies of Earth-affecting solar transients in the last decade that encompasses most of solar cycle 24. It is a part of the effort of the International Stu...

    Authors: Jie Zhang, Manuela Temmer, Nat Gopalswamy, Olga Malandraki, Nariaki V. Nitta, Spiros Patsourakos, Fang Shen, Bojan Vršnak, Yuming Wang, David Webb, Mihir I. Desai, Karin Dissauer, Nina Dresing, Mateja Dumbović, Xueshang Feng, Stephan G. Heinemann…
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:56
  13. Almahata Sitta is a polymict breccia, consisting of many kinds of clasts. Here we present our mineralogical and petrological results on an EL3 fragment, MS-177 from Almahata Sitta. This fragment shows a typica...

    Authors: M. Kimura, M. K. Weisberg, A. Takaki, N. Imae and A. Yamaguchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:55
  14. Determination of the youngest active domains in fault zones that are not overlain by Quaternary sedimentary cover is critical for evaluating recent fault activity, determining the current local stress field, a...

    Authors: Akiyuki Iwamori, Hideo Takagi, Nobutaka Asahi, Tatsuji Sugimori, Eiji Nakata, Shintaro Nohara and Keiichi Ueta
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:54
  15. Atmospheric local-to-regional dispersion models are widely used on Earth to predict and study the effects of chemical species emitted into the atmosphere and to contextualize sparse data acquired at particular...

    Authors: D. Viúdez-Moreiras
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:53
  16. This study examined the regional performance of a data assimilation (DA) system that couples the particle filter and the Spatially Explicit Individual-based Dynamic Global Vegetation Model (SEIB-DGVM). This DA...

    Authors: Hazuki Arakida, Shunji Kotsuki, Shigenori Otsuka, Yohei Sawada and Takemasa Miyoshi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:52
  17. Zirconolite is a common Zr-rich accessary mineral in mafic rocks. It is also an ideal U–Pb/Pb–Pb chronometer because it commonly contains high U content (mostly 0.1–10 wt%) and negligible initial Pb. However, ...

    Authors: Nian Wang, Qian Mao, Ting Zhang, Jialong Hao and Yangting Lin
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:51
  18. The Siwalik Group, ranging from the Early Miocene to Pleistocene, is believed to be deposited in the fluvial environment and controlled by contemporary Himalayan tectonics and climate. In this study, we establ...

    Authors: Lalit Kumar Rai and Kohki Yoshida
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:49
  19. A dinoflagellate cyst record from the highly resolved Chiba composite section in Japan has been used to reconstruct sea-surface paleoceanographic changes across the Lower–Middle Pleistocene Subseries (Calabria...

    Authors: Eseroghene J. Balota, Martin J. Head, Makoto Okada, Yusuke Suganuma and Yuki Haneda
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:48
  20. While knowledge of the energy inputs from the Sun (as it is the primary energy source) is important for understanding the solar-terrestrial system, of equal importance is the manner in which the terrestrial pa...

    Authors: William Ward, Annika Seppälä, Erdal Yiğit, Takuji Nakamura, Claudia Stolle, Jan Laštovička, Thomas N. Woods, Yoshihiro Tomikawa, Franz-Josef Lübken, Stanley C. Solomon, Daniel R. Marsh, Bernd Funke and Duggirala Pallamraju
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:47
  21. The global activities of typhoons and hurricanes are gradually changing, and these storms can drastically affect lake ecosystems through the recession of submerged macrophytes that regulate the water quality i...

    Authors: Satoshi Nakada, Hiroki Haga, Maho Iwaki, Kohji Mabuchi and Noriko Takamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:46

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:64

  22. This paper presents the results of a coordinated measurement campaign with ground based and satellite observations over European and Japanese regions during September 5–6, 2017. Two incoherent scatter radars, ...

    Authors: Sergii V. Panasenko, Dmytro V. Kotov, Yuichi Otsuka, Mamoru Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Hashiguchi, Philip G. Richards, Vladimir Truhlik, Oleksandr V. Bogomaz, Maryna O. Shulha, Taras G. Zhivolup and Igor F. Domnin
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:45
  23. The modern-day Tarim Basin is covered almost entirely by the Taklimakan sand desert and is one of the most arid regions in the world. Unraveling the aridification history of the desert is important for underst...

    Authors: Aki Sakuma, Ryuji Tada, Tomohiro Yoshida, Hitoshi Hasegawa, Naomi Sugiura, Akinori Karasuda, Ke Wang and Hongbo Zheng
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:44
  24. A recently developed energy flux diagnosis scheme, which incorporates a smooth connection between the tropical and subtropical zones, is used in the present study to investigate vertically propagating waves in...

    Authors: Zimeng Li, Hidenori Aiki, Motoki Nagura and Tomomichi Ogata
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:43
  25. Disentangling the temperature and depth of formation of fault rocks is critical for understanding their rheology, exhumation, and the evolution of fault zones. Estimation of fault rock temperatures mostly reli...

    Authors: Dyuti Prakash Sarkar, Jun-ichi Ando, Akihiro Kano, Hirokazu Kato, Gautam Ghosh and Kaushik Das
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:42
  26. The activity of stars such as the Sun varies over timescales ranging from the very short to the very long—stellar and planetary evolutionary timescales. Experience from our solar system indicates that short-te...

    Authors: Dibyendu Nandy, Petrus C. H. Martens, Vladimir Obridko, Soumyaranjan Dash and Katya Georgieva
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:40
  27. The geochemistry of calcifying marine organisms is an excellent proxy for reconstructing paleoceanographic history, but studies of hypercalcified demosponges (sclerosponges) are considerably fewer than those o...

    Authors: Ryuji Asami, Taketo Matsumori, Ryuichi Shinjo, Ryu Uemura, Yuki Miyaoka, Masaru Mizuyama, Yuji Ise and Takashi Sakamaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:38
  28. Destructive landslides were triggered by the 6.7 Mw Eastern Iburi earthquake that struck southern Hokkaido, Japan, on 6 September 2018. Heavy rainfall on 4 September in addition to intermittent rainfall around th...

    Authors: Jun Kameda
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:37
  29. The ongoing increases in anthropogenic radiative forcing have changed the global water cycle and are expected to lead to more intense precipitation extremes and associated floods. However, given the limitation...

    Authors: Yukiko Hirabayashi, Haireti Alifu, Dai Yamazaki, Yukiko Imada, Hideo Shiogama and Yuki Kimura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:36
  30. The Earth’s magnetosphere is region that is carved out by the solar wind as it flows past and interacts with the terrestrial magnetic field. The inner magnetosphere is the region that contains the plasmasphere...

    Authors: Shrikanth Kanekal and Yoshizumi Miyoshi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:35
  31. Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia and is considered one of the most vulnerable cities to climate-related disasters, including flooding, sea-level rise, and storm surges. Therefore, the development of a flood...

    Authors: Bambang Adhi Priyambodoho, Shuichi Kure, Ryuusei Yagi and Nurul Fajar Januriyadi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:34
  32. Ground-based remote sensing using multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) was used to conduct continuous simultaneous observations of ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and formaldehyd...

    Authors: Hitoshi Irie, Daichi Yonekawa, Alessandro Damiani, Hossain Mohammed Syedul Hoque, Kengo Sudo and Syuichi Itahashi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:31
  33. The fluctuating position of the boundary between the Kuroshio (warm) and Oyashio (cold) currents in the mid-latitude western North Pacific affects both heat transport and air–ocean interactions and has signifi...

    Authors: Yoshimi Kubota, Yuki Haneda, Koji Kameo, Takuya Itaki, Hiroki Hayashi, Kizuku Shikoku, Kentaro Izumi, Martin J. Head, Yusuke Suganuma and Makoto Okada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:29
  34. This study conducted a field survey and multiproxy analyses on sediment cores retrieved from the Kobatake-ike pond in Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Kobatake-ike pond is located at a high elevation (i.e...

    Authors: Hokuto Higaki, Kazuhisa Goto, Hideaki Yanagisawa, Daisuke Sugawara and Takashi Ishizawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:28
  35. We investigated the compressional behavior of i-AlCuFe quasicrystal using diamond anvil cell under quasi-hydrostatic conditions by in situ angle-dispersive X-ray powder diffraction measurements (in both compre...

    Authors: Vincenzo Stagno, Luca Bindi, Sota Takagi and Atsushi Kyono
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:27
  36. We present results of an effort to evaluate the ability of an analytic model to describe the behavior of the equatorial zonal plasma drifts given inputs provided by readily available climatological models of t...

    Authors: Samuel A. Shidler and Fabiano S. Rodrigues
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:26
  37. The measurements of one of the major greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), are being made using dedicated satellite remote sensing since the launch of the greenhouse gases observing satellite (GOSAT) by a three...

    Authors: Prabir K. Patra, Tomohiro Hajima, Ryu Saito, Naveen Chandra, Yukio Yoshida, Kazuhito Ichii, Michio Kawamiya, Masayuki Kondo, Akihiko Ito and David Crisp
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:25
  38. For the purpose of identifying the key processes and sectors involved in the interaction between Earth and socio-economic systems, we review existing studies on those processes/sectors through which the climat...

    Authors: Kaoru Tachiiri, Xuanming Su and Ken’ichi Matsumoto
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:24
  39. Investigating organic compounds in marine sediments can potentially unlock a wealth of new information in these climate archives. Here, we present pilot study results of organic geochemical features of long-ch...

    Authors: Xin Chen, Xiaodong Liu, Da-Cheng Lin, Jianjun Wang, Liqi Chen, Pai-Sen Yu, Linmiao Wang, Zhifang Xiong and Min-Te Chen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:23
  40. As wood pieces supplied by landslides and debris flows are one of the main components of ecological and geomorphic systems, the importance of quantifying the dimensions of the wood pieces is evident. However, ...

    Authors: Haruka Tsunetaka, Slim Mtibaa, Shiho Asano, Takashi Okamoto and Ushio Kurokawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:22
  41. The Sun is a variable active-dynamo star, emitting radiation in all wavelengths and solar-wind plasma to the interplanetary space. The Earth is immersed in this radiation and solar wind, showing various respon...

    Authors: Kazuo Shiokawa and Katya Georgieva
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:21
  42. Recent studies using well density distributed borehole logs have revealed undulating topography at the bases of incised valleys formed during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). In this study, from analysis of 470...

    Authors: Susumu Tanabe and Yoshiro Ishihara
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:20
  43. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Junko Iwahashi, Dai Yamazaki, Takayuki Nakano and Ryo Endo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:19

    The original article was published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:3