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  1. The global activities of typhoons and hurricanes are gradually changing, and these storms can drastically affect lake ecosystems through the recession of submerged macrophytes that regulate the water quality i...

    Authors: Satoshi Nakada, Hiroki Haga, Maho Iwaki, Kohji Mabuchi and Noriko Takamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:46

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:64

  2. This paper presents the results of a coordinated measurement campaign with ground based and satellite observations over European and Japanese regions during September 5–6, 2017. Two incoherent scatter radars, ...

    Authors: Sergii V. Panasenko, Dmytro V. Kotov, Yuichi Otsuka, Mamoru Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Hashiguchi, Philip G. Richards, Vladimir Truhlik, Oleksandr V. Bogomaz, Maryna O. Shulha, Taras G. Zhivolup and Igor F. Domnin
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:45
  3. The modern-day Tarim Basin is covered almost entirely by the Taklimakan sand desert and is one of the most arid regions in the world. Unraveling the aridification history of the desert is important for underst...

    Authors: Aki Sakuma, Ryuji Tada, Tomohiro Yoshida, Hitoshi Hasegawa, Naomi Sugiura, Akinori Karasuda, Ke Wang and Hongbo Zheng
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:44
  4. A recently developed energy flux diagnosis scheme, which incorporates a smooth connection between the tropical and subtropical zones, is used in the present study to investigate vertically propagating waves in...

    Authors: Zimeng Li, Hidenori Aiki, Motoki Nagura and Tomomichi Ogata
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:43
  5. Disentangling the temperature and depth of formation of fault rocks is critical for understanding their rheology, exhumation, and the evolution of fault zones. Estimation of fault rock temperatures mostly reli...

    Authors: Dyuti Prakash Sarkar, Jun-ichi Ando, Akihiro Kano, Hirokazu Kato, Gautam Ghosh and Kaushik Das
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:42
  6. The activity of stars such as the Sun varies over timescales ranging from the very short to the very long—stellar and planetary evolutionary timescales. Experience from our solar system indicates that short-te...

    Authors: Dibyendu Nandy, Petrus C. H. Martens, Vladimir Obridko, Soumyaranjan Dash and Katya Georgieva
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:40
  7. The geochemistry of calcifying marine organisms is an excellent proxy for reconstructing paleoceanographic history, but studies of hypercalcified demosponges (sclerosponges) are considerably fewer than those o...

    Authors: Ryuji Asami, Taketo Matsumori, Ryuichi Shinjo, Ryu Uemura, Yuki Miyaoka, Masaru Mizuyama, Yuji Ise and Takashi Sakamaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:38
  8. Destructive landslides were triggered by the 6.7 Mw Eastern Iburi earthquake that struck southern Hokkaido, Japan, on 6 September 2018. Heavy rainfall on 4 September in addition to intermittent rainfall around th...

    Authors: Jun Kameda
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:37
  9. The ongoing increases in anthropogenic radiative forcing have changed the global water cycle and are expected to lead to more intense precipitation extremes and associated floods. However, given the limitation...

    Authors: Yukiko Hirabayashi, Haireti Alifu, Dai Yamazaki, Yukiko Imada, Hideo Shiogama and Yuki Kimura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:36
  10. The Earth’s magnetosphere is region that is carved out by the solar wind as it flows past and interacts with the terrestrial magnetic field. The inner magnetosphere is the region that contains the plasmasphere...

    Authors: Shrikanth Kanekal and Yoshizumi Miyoshi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:35
  11. Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia and is considered one of the most vulnerable cities to climate-related disasters, including flooding, sea-level rise, and storm surges. Therefore, the development of a flood...

    Authors: Bambang Adhi Priyambodoho, Shuichi Kure, Ryuusei Yagi and Nurul Fajar Januriyadi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:34
  12. Ground-based remote sensing using multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) was used to conduct continuous simultaneous observations of ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and formaldehyd...

    Authors: Hitoshi Irie, Daichi Yonekawa, Alessandro Damiani, Hossain Mohammed Syedul Hoque, Kengo Sudo and Syuichi Itahashi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:31
  13. The fluctuating position of the boundary between the Kuroshio (warm) and Oyashio (cold) currents in the mid-latitude western North Pacific affects both heat transport and air–ocean interactions and has signifi...

    Authors: Yoshimi Kubota, Yuki Haneda, Koji Kameo, Takuya Itaki, Hiroki Hayashi, Kizuku Shikoku, Kentaro Izumi, Martin J. Head, Yusuke Suganuma and Makoto Okada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:29
  14. This study conducted a field survey and multiproxy analyses on sediment cores retrieved from the Kobatake-ike pond in Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Kobatake-ike pond is located at a high elevation (i.e...

    Authors: Hokuto Higaki, Kazuhisa Goto, Hideaki Yanagisawa, Daisuke Sugawara and Takashi Ishizawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:28
  15. We investigated the compressional behavior of i-AlCuFe quasicrystal using diamond anvil cell under quasi-hydrostatic conditions by in situ angle-dispersive X-ray powder diffraction measurements (in both compre...

    Authors: Vincenzo Stagno, Luca Bindi, Sota Takagi and Atsushi Kyono
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:27
  16. We present results of an effort to evaluate the ability of an analytic model to describe the behavior of the equatorial zonal plasma drifts given inputs provided by readily available climatological models of t...

    Authors: Samuel A. Shidler and Fabiano S. Rodrigues
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:26
  17. The measurements of one of the major greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), are being made using dedicated satellite remote sensing since the launch of the greenhouse gases observing satellite (GOSAT) by a three...

    Authors: Prabir K. Patra, Tomohiro Hajima, Ryu Saito, Naveen Chandra, Yukio Yoshida, Kazuhito Ichii, Michio Kawamiya, Masayuki Kondo, Akihiko Ito and David Crisp
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:25
  18. For the purpose of identifying the key processes and sectors involved in the interaction between Earth and socio-economic systems, we review existing studies on those processes/sectors through which the climat...

    Authors: Kaoru Tachiiri, Xuanming Su and Ken’ichi Matsumoto
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:24
  19. Investigating organic compounds in marine sediments can potentially unlock a wealth of new information in these climate archives. Here, we present pilot study results of organic geochemical features of long-ch...

    Authors: Xin Chen, Xiaodong Liu, Da-Cheng Lin, Jianjun Wang, Liqi Chen, Pai-Sen Yu, Linmiao Wang, Zhifang Xiong and Min-Te Chen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:23
  20. As wood pieces supplied by landslides and debris flows are one of the main components of ecological and geomorphic systems, the importance of quantifying the dimensions of the wood pieces is evident. However, ...

    Authors: Haruka Tsunetaka, Slim Mtibaa, Shiho Asano, Takashi Okamoto and Ushio Kurokawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:22
  21. The Sun is a variable active-dynamo star, emitting radiation in all wavelengths and solar-wind plasma to the interplanetary space. The Earth is immersed in this radiation and solar wind, showing various respon...

    Authors: Kazuo Shiokawa and Katya Georgieva
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:21
  22. Recent studies using well density distributed borehole logs have revealed undulating topography at the bases of incised valleys formed during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). In this study, from analysis of 470...

    Authors: Susumu Tanabe and Yoshiro Ishihara
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:20
  23. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Junko Iwahashi, Dai Yamazaki, Takayuki Nakano and Ryo Endo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:19

    The original article was published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:3

  24. In the East Asian monsoon area, stalagmites generally record lower and higher oxygen isotope (δ18O) levels during warm humid interglacial and cold dry glacial periods, respectively. Here, we report unusually low ...

    Authors: Shota Amekawa, Kenji Kashiwagi, Masako Hori, Tomomi Sone, Hirokazu Kato, Tomoyo Okumura, Tsai-Luen Yu, Chuan-Chou Shen and Akihiro Kano
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:18
  25. Soil Water Index (SWI) represents the conceptual water stored in the soil and is calculated using a three-layer tank model with hourly precipitation. In Japan, landslide disasters are likely to occur when SWI ...

    Authors: Hiroshi Matsuyama, Hitoshi Saito and Valerii Zemtsov
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:17
  26. Small water parcels, which are characterized by a low salinity and high dissolved oxygen (DO) are observed by Seaglider in the main thermocline (26.0–27.0 σθ) south of the Kuroshio Extension (KE), have horizontal...

    Authors: Shigeki Hosoda, Ryuichiro Inoue, Masami Nonaka, Hideharu Sasaki, Yoshikazu Sasai and Mizue Hirano
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:16
  27. Examining the regularity in slip over seismic cycles leads to an understanding of earthquake recurrence and provides the basis for probabilistic seismic hazard assessment. Systematic analysis of three-dimensio...

    Authors: Naoya Takahashi and Shinji Toda
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:15
  28. The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident in March 2011 emitted a considerable amount of radioactive materials. This study isolated radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs), a form of radioa...

    Authors: Yoshinari Abe, Seika Onozaki, Izumi Nakai, Kouji Adachi, Yasuhito Igarashi, Yasuji Oura, Mitsuru Ebihara, Takafumi Miyasaka, Hisashi Nakamura, Keisuke Sueki, Haruo Tsuruta and Yuichi Moriguchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:13
  29. Microplastic pollutes water, land, air, and groundwater environments not only visually but also ecologically for plants, animals, and humans. Microplastic has been reported to act as vectors by sorbing polluta...

    Authors: Tan Suet May Amelia, Wan Mohd Afiq Wan Mohd Khalik, Meng Chuan Ong, Yi Ta Shao, Hui-Juan Pan and Kesaven Bhubalan
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:12
  30. Previous projections of the frequency of tropical cyclone genesis due to global warming, even in terms of sign of the change, depends on the chosen model simulation. Here, we systematically examine projected c...

    Authors: Yohei Yamada, Chihiro Kodama, Masaki Satoh, Masato Sugi, Malcolm J. Roberts, Ryo Mizuta, Akira T. Noda, Tomoe Nasuno, Masuo Nakano and Pier Luigi Vidale
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:11
  31. The Chiba composite section (CbCS) in the Kokumoto Formation, Kazusa Group, central Japan is a thick and continuous marine succession that straddles the Lower–Middle Pleistocene boundary and the well-recognize...

    Authors: Kentaro Izumi, Yuki Haneda, Yusuke Suganuma, Makoto Okada, Yoshimi Kubota, Naohisa Nishida, Moto Kawamata and Takuya Matsuzaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:10
  32. We attempt to develop a possible theory of chemical fractionations in chondrites, that is consistent with various features of chondritic components and current observation of protoplanetary disks (PPD). Combin...

    Authors: Akihiko Hashimoto and Yuki Nakano
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:9
  33. In this study, we developed two high-resolution future ocean regional projection datasets for coastal applications in Japan, in which we made use of dynamical downscaling via regional ocean models with atmosph...

    Authors: Shiro Nishikawa, Tsuyoshi Wakamatsu, Hiroshi Ishizaki, Kei Sakamoto, Yusuke Tanaka, Hiroyuki Tsujino, Goro Yamanaka, Masafumi Kamachi and Yoichi Ishikawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:7
  34. The application of soft computing (SC) models for predicting environmental variables is widely gaining popularity, because of their capability to describe complex non-linear processes. The sea surface temperat...

    Authors: Masoud Haghbin, Ahmad Sharafati, Davide Motta, Nadhir Al-Ansari and Mohamadreza Hosseinian Moghadam Noghani
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:4
  35. This study aims to create a terrain classification of Japan that allows both geomorphological and geoengineering classifications coexist without large contradictions and to distinguish landform elements even i...

    Authors: Junko Iwahashi, Dai Yamazaki, Takayuki Nakano and Ryo Endo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:3

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:19

  36. The southwestern Ryukyu Trench represents the ultimate sink of sediments shed from Taiwan into the Philippine Sea, which are mainly transported to the trench by turbidity currents via submarine canyons. Here, ...

    Authors: Kan-Hsi Hsiung, Toshiya Kanamatsu, Ken Ikehara, Kazuko Usami, Chorng-Shern Horng, Naohiko Ohkouchi, Nanako O. Ogawa, Saneatsu Saito and Masafumi Murayama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:2
  37. In extreme event attribution, which aims to answer whether and to what extent a particular extreme weather event can be attributed to global warming, the probability of an event is generally estimated through ...

    Authors: Akira Hasegawa, Yukiko Imada, Hideo Shiogama, Masato Mori, Hiroaki Tatebe and Masahiro Watanabe
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:78
  38. Ensembles of climate change projections created by general circulation models (GCMs) with high resolution are increasingly needed to develop adaptation strategies for regional climate change. The Meteorologica...

    Authors: Rui Ito, Tosiyuki Nakaegawa and Izuru Takayabu
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:77
  39. Oceans on Earth are present as a result of dynamic equilibrium between degassing and regassing through the interaction with Earth’s interior. We review mineral physics, geophysical, and geochemical studies rel...

    Authors: Shun-ichiro Karato, Bijaya Karki and Jeffrey Park
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:76

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:14

  40. The heavy rain event of July 2018 and Typhoon Hagibis in October 2019 caused severe flash flood disasters in numerous parts of western and eastern Japan. Flash floods need to be predicted over a wide range wit...

    Authors: Takahiro Sayama, Masafumi Yamada, Yoshito Sugawara and Dai Yamazaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:75