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  1. Research article

    High-resolution simulations of turbidity currents

    We employ direct numerical simulations of the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations, based on a continuum formulation for the sediment concentration, to investigate the physics of turbidity currents in com...

    Edward Biegert, Bernhard Vowinckel, Raphael Ouillon and Eckart Meiburg

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:33

    Published on: 16 November 2017

  2. Research article

    Weak hydrothermal carbonation of the Ongeluk volcanics: evidence for low CO2 concentrations in seawater and atmosphere during the Paleoproterozoic global glaciation

    It was previously revealed that the total CO2 concentration in seawater decreased during the Late Archean. In this paper, to assess the secular change of total CO2 concentration in seawater, we focused on the Pal...

    Takazo Shibuya, Tsuyoshi Komiya, Ken Takai, Shigenori Maruyama and Michael J. Russell

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:31

    Published on: 23 October 2017

  3. Research article

    Late Holocene uplift of the Izu Islands on the northern Zenisu Ridge off Central Japan

    To clarify the Holocene uplift history of the Izu Islands, Japan, we analyze the elevations and 14C ages of emerged sessile assemblages measured by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) on the islands of Niijima, J...

    Akihisa Kitamura, Takafumi Imai, Yuta Mitsui, Mami Ito, Yosuke Miyairi, Yusuke Yokoyama and Yuki Tokuda

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:30

    Published on: 18 October 2017

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:35

  4. Research article

    Adjoint tomography of the crust and upper mantle structure beneath the Kanto region using broadband seismograms

    A three-dimensional seismic wave speed model in the Kanto region of Japan was developed using adjoint tomography for application in the effective reproduction of observed waveforms. Starting with a model based...

    Takayuki Miyoshi, Masayuki Obayashi, Daniel Peter, Yoko Tono and Seiji Tsuboi

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:29

    Published on: 3 October 2017

  5. Research article

    Coastal sand dune ecosystem services in metropolitan suburbs: effects on the sake brewery environment induced by changing social conditions

    Chiba Prefecture, Japan, lies very near Tokyo, the capital city of Japan. It borders the sea on three sides and is banded by coastal dunes. Several sake breweries are located near these dunes. Although there a...

    Korehisa Kaneko and Hajime Matsushima

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:28

    Published on: 2 October 2017

  6. Research article

    Tropical cyclone influence on the long-term variability of Philippine summer monsoon onset

    The long-term variability of Philippine summer monsoon onset from 1903 to 2013 was investigated. The onset date is defined by daily rainfall data at eight stations in the northwestern Philippines. Summer monso...

    Hisayuki Kubota, Ryuichi Shirooka, Jun Matsumoto, Esperanza O. Cayanan and Flaviana D. Hilario

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:27

    Published on: 27 September 2017

  7. Research Article

    Feasibility of a magma ocean dynamo on Mars

    Crustal magnetization of rocks in regions of Mars surface testifies to an era of dynamo activity. I examine the possibility that the dynamo that operated then, in the first 400–600 Ma after Mars formed, was po...

    George Helffrich

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:21

    Published on: 15 August 2017

  8. Research article

    Seasonal modulation of the Asian summer monsoon between the Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age: a multi model study

    Instrumental and proxy records indicate remarkable global climate variability over the last millennium, influenced by solar irradiance, Earth’s orbital parameters, volcanic eruptions and human activities. Nume...

    Youichi Kamae, Toshi Kawana, Megumi Oshiro and Hiroaki Ueda

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:22

    Published on: 4 August 2017

  9. Research article

    Possible climate preconditioning on submarine landslides along a convergent margin, Nankai Trough (NE Pacific)

    Submarine landslides are major agents of sediment mass transfer from the shallow to deep sea. Due to their rapid emplacement and tsunamigenic potential, such landslides are significant geohazards for society a...

    Katrina Kremer, Muhammed O. Usman, Yasufumi Satoguchi, Yoshitaka Nagahashi, Sunil Vadakkepuliyambatta, Giuliana Panieri and Michael Strasser

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:20

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  10. Research article

    Shigaraki UAV-Radar Experiment (ShUREX): overview of the campaign with some preliminary results

    The Shigaraki unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV)-Radar Experiment (ShUREX) is an international (USA-Japan-France) observational campaign, whose overarching goal is to demonstrate the utility of small, lightweight, ...

    Lakshmi Kantha, Dale Lawrence, Hubert Luce, Hiroyuki Hashiguchi, Toshitaka Tsuda, Richard Wilson, Tyler Mixa and Masanori Yabuki

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:19

    Published on: 17 July 2017

  11. Research article

    The effect of slight thinning of managed coniferous forest on landscape appreciation and psychological restoration

    We investigated the influence of slight thinning (percentage of woods: 16.6%, basal area: 9.3%) on landscape appreciation and the psychological restorative effect of an on-site setting by exposing respondents ...

    Norimasa Takayama, Haruo Saito, Akio Fujiwara and Masahiro Horiuchi

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:17

    Published on: 28 June 2017

  12. Research article

    Feasibility of retrieving dust properties and total column water vapor from solar spectra measured using a lander camera on Mars

    Dust and water vapor are important constituents in the Martian atmosphere, exerting significant influence on the heat balance of the atmosphere and surface. We have developed a method to retrieve optical and p...

    Naohiro Manago, Katsuyuki Noguchi, George L. Hashimoto, Hiroki Senshu, Naohito Otobe, Makoto Suzuki and Hiroaki Kuze

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:16

    Published on: 21 June 2017

  13. Review

    Outcomes and challenges of global high-resolution non-hydrostatic atmospheric simulations using the K computer

    This article reviews the major outcomes of a 5-year (2011–2016) project using the K computer to perform global numerical atmospheric simulations based on the non-hydrostatic icosahedral atmospheric model (NICA...

    Masaki Satoh, Hirofumi Tomita, Hisashi Yashiro, Yoshiyuki Kajikawa, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Tsuyoshi Yamaura, Tomoki Miyakawa, Masuo Nakano, Chihiro Kodama, Akira T. Noda, Tomoe Nasuno, Yohei Yamada and Yoshiki Fukutomi

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:13

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Melting relations in the Fe–S–Si system at high pressure and temperature: implications for the planetary core

    The phase and melting relations in the Fe–S–Si system were determined up to 60 GPa by using a double-sided laser-heated diamond anvil cell combined with X-ray diffraction. On the basis of the X-ray diffraction...

    Takanori Sakairi, Eiji Ohtani, Seiji Kamada, Takeshi Sakai, Tatsuya Sakamaki and Naohisa Hirao

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:10

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  15. Research article

    Hydrogen mobility in transition zone silicates

    We study the hydrogen mobility in ringwoodite and wadsleyite considering multiple charge-balanced defects, including Mg < = > 2H, Si < = > Mg + 2H, and the hydrogarnet defect, Si < = > 4H, using molecular dyna...

    Razvan Caracas and Wendy R. Panero

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:9

    Published on: 29 March 2017

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