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  1. This paper presents the 1000 ensemble flood simulations using ensemble rainfalls simulated by 4D LETKF. The number of ensemble rainfall members is large as 1000 compared to the operational rainfall products of...

    Authors: Kenichiro Kobayashi, Le Duc, Takuya Kawabata, Atsushi Tamura, Tsutao Oizumi, Kazuo Saito, Daisuke Nohara and Tetsuya Sumi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:5
  2. Estimates of uplift rates for lithospheric forebulges are needed to understand exact plate motions at plate convergence zones and to delineate the fate of coral reefs atop the forebulges. A carbonate island on...

    Authors: Yasufumi Iryu, Hideko Takayanagi, Tsuyoshi Ishikawa, Akimasa Ishigaki, Takuji Asanuma, Rin Teruya and David A. Budd
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:4
  3. Hydrogen, methane, and water ice are among the most abundant materials in the universe. Based on experimental, theoretical, and spacecraft data, gas hydrates consisting of gas and water ice have been predicted...

    Authors: Hisako Hirai and Hirokazu Kadobayashi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:3
  4. Slow earthquakes are episodic slow fault slips. They form a fundamental component of interplate deformation processes, along with fast, regular earthquakes. Recent seismological and geodetic observations have ...

    Authors: Tomoaki Nishikawa, Satoshi Ide and Takuya Nishimura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:1
  5. Long-term continuous observation of seafloor pressure is effective for detecting seafloor vertical deformations that are associated with transient tectonic phenomena such as slow slip events. Since the aseismi...

    Authors: Ryota Hino, Tatsuya Kubota, Naotaka Y. Chikasada, Yusaku Ohta and Hideto Otsuka
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:73
  6. Paleotsunami deposit investigations and numerical tsunami computations have been performed to elucidate the source and size of large tsunamis along the Kuril to Japan Trenches, particularly for unusual tsunami...

    Authors: Kai Sato, Masaki Yamada, Daisuke Ishimura, Takashi Ishizawa and Toshitaka Baba
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:72
  7. The Sung Valley ultramafic–alkaline–carbonatite complex (UACC) of Meghalaya, NE, India, is a result of magmatic activity related to the Kerguelen mantle plume spanning from 101 to 115 Ma. In the present study,...

    Authors: Shubham Choudhary, Koushik Sen, Shruti Rana and Santosh Kumar
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:71
  8. Using outputs from an ecosystem model embedded in an eddy-resolving ocean general circulation model that can realistically simulate decadal modulations of the Kuroshio Extension (KE) between stable and unstabl...

    Authors: Tomoki Tozuka, Yoshikazu Sasai, Sayaka Yasunaka, Hideharu Sasaki and Masami Nonaka
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:70
  9. A decade after the 2011 Tohoku-oki earthquake (Mw 9.0), geological surveys were conducted at multiple sites along the Pacific Coast of the tsunami-inundated Tohoku region in Japan, providing thousands of years...

    Authors: Daisuke Ishimura, Takashi Ishizawa, Masaki Yamada, Kaori Aoki and Kai Sato
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:69
  10. In many tectonically active regions of the world, a variety of slow deformation phenomena have been discovered and collectively termed slow earthquakes. Tectonic tremor is the high-frequency component of slow ...

    Authors: Satoshi Ide and Shunichi Nomura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:67
  11. Temporal seismic observations from pop-up type ocean-bottom seismometers were used to detect tectonic tremors immediately following the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake in the northern periphery of the aftershock ar...

    Authors: Hidenobu Takahashi, Ryota Hino, Naoki Uchida, Takanori Matsuzawa, Yusaku Ohta, Syuichi Suzuki and Masanao Shinohara
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:66
  12. The 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake generated a surprisingly large near-trench slip, and earth scientists have devoted significant attention to understanding why. Some studies proposed special rupture mechanisms, s...

    Authors: Tatsuya Kubota, Tatsuhiko Saito and Ryota Hino
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:68
  13. A quantitative understanding of paleotsunamis is a significant issue in tsunami sedimentology. Onshore tsunami deposits, which are geological records of tsunami inundation, are used to reconstruct paleotsunami...

    Authors: Hidetoshi Masuda, Daisuke Sugawara, Tomoya Abe and Kazuhisa Goto
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:65
  14. Prebiotic chemical evolution and the emergence of life in the seafloor hydrothermal systems of Hadean Earth is among the most plausible and popular hypotheses for the origin of earthly life. In contrast, many ...

    Authors: Takazo Shibuya and Ken Takai
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:60
  15. The lithospheric mantle, formed at the mid-ocean ridge as a residue of crustal production, comprises theoretically depleted peridotite, but more fertile components (e.g., lherzolite and pyroxenite) have been r...

    Authors: Kazuto Mikuni, Naoto Hirano, Norikatsu Akizawa, Junji Yamamoto, Shiki Machida, Akihiro Tamura, Yuuki Hagiwara and Tomoaki Morishita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:62
  16. In this study, we conducted the quantitative evaluation of aerosol optical properties in the Indochina Peninsula (ICP), which is significantly affected yearly by both biomass burning (BB) and anthropogenic aer...

    Authors: Takeru Ohno, Hitoshi Irie, Masahiro Momoi and Arlindo M. da Silva
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:61
  17. Sr isotope ratios of hydrothermal fluids were observed at five sediment-associated sites in the Okinawa Trough to investigate the diversity of subseafloor fluid–rock–sediment interactions. The estimated 87Sr/86Sr...

    Authors: Tomohiro Toki, Tasuku Nohara, Yoshiaki Urata, Ryuichi Shinjo, Shuko Hokakubo-Watanabe, Jun-ichiro Ishibashi and Shinsuke Kawagucci
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:59
  18. Osaka Bay adjacent to the Kyoto–Osaka–Kobe metropolitan area was affected by severe metal pollution during the twentieth century; yet little is known about the trace metal sources and pre-industrial human acti...

    Authors: Kai Nils Nitzsche, Toshihiro Yoshimura, Naoto F. Ishikawa, Hiroto Kajita, Hodaka Kawahata, Nanako O. Ogawa, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Yusuke Yokoyama and Naohiko Ohkouchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:58
  19. Prior to the cold phase of the Pacific decadal oscillation (PDO), sea surface water in the western tropical North Pacific is heated. To evaluate the impact of the subsurface water on the upper-ocean (

    Authors: Akira Nagano, Takuya Hasegawa and Masahide Wakita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:57
  20. The 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake occurred off southern Sanriku, Japan, on March 11 and generated strong shaking and huge tsunami along the entire eastern coast of Tohoku. The mainshock and n...

    Authors: Masahide Wakita, Shuichi Watanabe, Jun Yoshino, Kazumasa Oguri, Hidetaka Nomaki, Shinsuke Kawagucci, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Akira Nagano and Katsunori Fujikura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:56
  21. The transition process from coseismic to early postseismic phenomena within a half-day remains a significant topic for understanding the slip budget and friction properties of the fault. However, the investiga...

    Authors: Yusuke Tanaka, Yusaku Ohta and Shin’ichi Miyazaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:55
  22. The eastern part of the Tsugaru Strait (located at ~ 41.5° N) is a remarkable region of the coastal flow system around Japan due to the Tsugaru Warm Current (TgWC), an intensive eastward current that flows ove...

    Authors: Hitoshi Kaneko, Takahiro Tanaka, Hiroto Abe, Masahide Wakita, Ken’ichi Sasaki, Yasumasa Miyazawa, Takeshi Okunishi, Shuichi Watanabe, Shoko Tatamisashi and Yoshiaki Sato
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:53
  23. Soil erosion substantially implicates global nutrient and carbon cycling of the land surface. Its monitoring is crucial for assessing and managing global land productivity and socio-economy. The Zhuoshui River...

    Authors: Yuei-An Liou, Quang-Viet Nguyen, Duc-Vinh Hoang and Duy-Phien Tran
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:52
  24. We describe a collaborative analysis study involving numerical models and observation data for the Tokyo metropolitan area called the ULTra-sIte for Measuring Atmosphere of Tokyo Metropolitan Environment (ULTI...

    Authors: Masaki Satoh, Shuhei Matsugishi, Woosub Roh, Yasutaka Ikuta, Naomi Kuba, Tatsuya Seiki, Tempei Hashino and Hajime Okamoto
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:51
  25. There is growing interest in the use of pteropods as potential archives of past changes in ocean chemistry. However, pteropods have rarely been used in studies of millennial-scale sedimentary records, especial...

    Authors: Maximilian Hallenberger, Lars Reuning, Hideko Takayanagi, Yasufumi Iryu, Nina Keul, Takeshige Ishiwa and Yusuke Yokoyama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:49
  26. Climate is one of the main factors for rice crop growth. Understanding the relationship between climate variability and rice production during the period from 1901 to 1939 in Burma can give a clear picture of ...

    Authors: Badri Bhakta Shrestha, Akiyuki Kawasaki, Tomoshige Inoue, Jun Matsumoto and Tomoko Shiroyama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:48
  27. Determining physical process parameters in atmospheric models is critical to obtaining accurate weather and climate simulations; estimating optimal parameters is essential for reducing model error. Recently, a...

    Authors: Kenta Sueki, Seiya Nishizawa, Tsuyoshi Yamaura and Hirofumi Tomita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:47
  28. The Vietnamese Mekong Delta has been devastatingly impacted by climate change coupled with sea level rise and natural hazards. As a result, salinity intrusion has become a pressing issue in the coastal provinc...

    Authors: Kim-Anh Nguyen, Yuei-An Liou, Ha-Phuong Tran, Phi-Phung Hoang and Thanh-Hung Nguyen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:46
  29. Nguyen et al. (Prog Earth Planet Sci 7:1, 2020. https://​doi.​org/​10.​1186/​s40645-019-0311-0) suggest that Landsat 8 OLI can be used to map and monitor soil salinity ...

    Authors: Sonia Silvestri, Diep Ngoc Nguyen and Emilia Chiapponi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:45
  30. We investigated the water-mass structure on the Okinawa Trough and Pacific sides of the southern Ryukyu Island Arc (Yonaguni, Iriomote, and Ishigaki subareas) using the Nd isotope composition (143Nd/144Nd ratios;...

    Authors: Andros Daniel Cruz Salmeron, Hideko Takayanagi, Shigeyuki Wakaki, Tsuyoshi Ishikawa, Toshihiro Miyajima, Hitomi Wakaki, Takuya Itaki and Yasufumi Iryu
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:44
  31. Accurate estimates of the carbon dioxide (CO2) fluxes at the earth’s surface are imperative for comprehending the carbon cycle mechanisms and providing reliable global warming predictions. Furthermore, they can a...

    Authors: Yosuke Niwa, Kentaro Ishijima, Akihiko Ito and Yosuke Iida
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:42
  32. Permafrost covers a wide area of the Northern Hemisphere, including high-altitude mountainous areas and even at mid-latitudes. There is concern that the thawing of mountain permafrost can cause slope instabili...

    Authors: Tokuta Yokohata, Go Iwahana, Kazuyuki Saito, Noriko N. Ishizaki, Taiga Matsushita and Tetsuo Sueyoshi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:39
  33. Geomorphological knowledge is critical in understanding watershed scale surface processes, including steep mountainous areas and flat lowlands, particularly if the mid- and downstream areas are densely populat...

    Authors: B. M. Refat Faisal and Yuichi S. Hayakawa
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:41
  34. The Shimosa Group, a Middle- to Late-Pleistocene sedimentary succession, has been the focus of stratigraphic attention because it lies beneath the Tokyo metropolitan area of central Japan. It is also of palaeo...

    Authors: Hiroto Kajita, Tsutomu Nakazawa, Masayuki Utsunomiya, Naohiko Ohkouchi, Miyako Sato, Naomi Harada and Hodaka Kawahata
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:40
  35. Egypt, a predominantly arid and hyper-arid country, is one of the environmentally most fragile regions of the world. The country became a hot spot for climatic extremes and aridity change in the global warming...

    Authors: Mohammed Magdy Hamed, Mohamed Salem Nashwan and Shamsuddin Shahid
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:35
  36. Synthetic rocks are used in laboratories to measure the physical and chemical properties of Earth’s constituent minerals in order to understand Earth’s interior. To understand the phenomena in the middle and u...

    Authors: Norio Shigematsu, You Zhou, Hideki Hyuga, Yu-ichi Yoshizawa and Masanori Kido
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:34
  37. We conducted seismic tomography to estimate the seismic velocity structure and to evaluate the spatiotemporal distribution of interplate earthquakes of the Kii Peninsula, central Honshu, Japan, where the Tonan...

    Authors: Yojiro Yamamoto, Shuichiro Yada, Keisuke Ariyoshi, Takane Hori and Narumi Takahashi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:32

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:36

  38. We conduct frictional experiments using cuttings collected at Nankai Trough IODP Site C0002 over 980.5–3262.5 mbsf (meters below seafloor) depth interval to better understand the frictional properties through ...

    Authors: Riho Fujioka, Ikuo Katayama, Manami Kitamura, Hanaya Okuda and Takehiro Hirose
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:31
  39. The distributions of sandy tsunami deposits do not reflect the true extents of tsunami inundation areas, leading to underestimates of inundation by past tsunamis and thus the magnitudes of their associated tsu...

    Authors: Tetsuya Shinozaki, Yuki Sawai, Minoru Ikehara, Dan Matsumoto, Yumi Shimada, Koichiro Tanigawa and Toru Tamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2022 9:29