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  1. Research article

    Land-sea surface air temperature contrast on the western coast of Sumatra Island during an active phase of the Madden-Julian Oscillation

    The land-sea surface temperature contrast on the western coast of Sumatra Island was examined using observation data obtained from the pre-Years of the Maritime Continent (YMC) field campaign from November to ...

    Peiming Wu, Shuichi Mori and Fadli Syamsudin

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:4

    Published on: 10 January 2018

  2. Research article

    Decomposition of the large-scale atmospheric state driving downscaling: a perspective on dynamical downscaling for regional climate study

    In this study, we provide a perspective on dynamical downscaling that includes a comprehensive view of multiple downscaling methods and a strategy for achieving better assessment of future regional climates. A...

    Seiya Nishizawa, Sachiho A. Adachi, Yoshiyuki Kajikawa, Tsuyoshi Yamaura, Kazuto Ando, Ryuji Yoshida, Hisashi Yashiro and Hirofumi Tomita

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2018 5:2

    Published on: 8 January 2018

  3. Research article

    Paleo-tsunami history along the northern Japan Trench: evidence from Noda Village, northern Sanriku coast, Japan

    Throughout history, large tsunamis have frequently affected the Sanriku area of the Pacific coast of the Tohoku region, Japan, which faces the Japan Trench. Although a few studies have examined paleo-tsunami d...

    Taiga Inoue, Kazuhisa Goto, Yuichi Nishimura, Masashi Watanabe, Yasutaka Iijima and Daisuke Sugawara

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:42

    Published on: 28 December 2017

  4. Review

    Northern Eurasia Future Initiative (NEFI): facing the challenges and pathways of global change in the twenty-first century

    During the past several decades, the Earth system has changed significantly, especially across Northern Eurasia. Changes in the socio-economic conditions of the larger countries in the region have also resulte...

    Pavel Groisman, Herman Shugart, David Kicklighter, Geoffrey Henebry, Nadezhda Tchebakova, Shamil Maksyutov, Erwan Monier, Garik Gutman, Sergey Gulev, Jiaguo Qi, Alexander Prishchepov, Elena Kukavskaya, Boris Porfiriev, Alexander Shiklomanov, Tatiana Loboda, Nikolay Shiklomanov…

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:41

    Published on: 27 December 2017

  5. Research article

    Global evaluation of erosion rates in relation to tectonics

    Understanding the mechanisms and controlling factors of erosion rates is essential in order to sufficiently comprehend bigger processes such as landscape evolution. For decades, scientists have been researchin...

    Hagar Hecht and Takashi Oguchi

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:40

    Published on: 19 December 2017

  6. Research article

    Spatial pattern in stress drops of moderate-sized earthquakes on the Pacific Plate off the south-east of Hokkaido, Japan: implications for the heterogeneity of frictional properties

    We show that the spatial heterogeneity in the coseismic displacement of large earthquakes likely reflects the spatial characteristics of the frictional properties and that it can be inferred from the stress dr...

    Takuji Yamada, Yu Saito, Yuichiro Tanioka and Jun Kawahara

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:38

    Published on: 13 December 2017

  7. Research article

    Regional moisture budget associated with drought/flood events over China

    In this study, long-term (1961–2011) variations in the moisture budget and drought/flood events in six subregions of China are analyzed. Water vapor is mainly transported zonally during winter, while meridiona...

    Shuang Qiu, Wen Zhou, Marco Yu-Ting Leung and Xiuzhen Li

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:36

    Published on: 7 December 2017

  8. Correction

    Correction to: Late Holocene uplift of the Izu Islands on the northern Zenisu Ridge off Central Japan

    In the publication of this article (Kitamura et al., 2017), there was an error in Fig. 11 which incorrectly indicated ‘Serpulidae sp. should instead read ‘Serpulidae.’ Italicized. It should not have indicated fig...

    Akihisa Kitamura, Takafumi Imai, Yuta Mitsui, Mami Ito, Yosuke Miyairi, Yusuke Yokoyama and Yuki Tokuda

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:35

    Published on: 30 November 2017

    The original article was published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:30

  9. Research article

    Melting phase relations in the MgSiO3–CaSiO3 system at 24 GPa

    The Earth’s lower mantle is composed of bridgmanite, ferropericlase, and CaSiO3-rich perovskite. The melting phase relations between each component are key to understanding the melting of the Earth’s lower mantle...

    Ryuichi Nomura, Youmo Zhou and Tetsuo Irifune

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:34

    Published on: 28 November 2017

  10. Research article

    High-resolution simulations of turbidity currents

    We employ direct numerical simulations of the three-dimensional Navier-Stokes equations, based on a continuum formulation for the sediment concentration, to investigate the physics of turbidity currents in com...

    Edward Biegert, Bernhard Vowinckel, Raphael Ouillon and Eckart Meiburg

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:33

    Published on: 16 November 2017

  11. Research article

    Weak hydrothermal carbonation of the Ongeluk volcanics: evidence for low CO2 concentrations in seawater and atmosphere during the Paleoproterozoic global glaciation

    It was previously revealed that the total CO2 concentration in seawater decreased during the Late Archean. In this paper, to assess the secular change of total CO2 concentration in seawater, we focused on the Pal...

    Takazo Shibuya, Tsuyoshi Komiya, Ken Takai, Shigenori Maruyama and Michael J. Russell

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:31

    Published on: 23 October 2017

  12. Research article

    Late Holocene uplift of the Izu Islands on the northern Zenisu Ridge off Central Japan

    To clarify the Holocene uplift history of the Izu Islands, Japan, we analyze the elevations and 14C ages of emerged sessile assemblages measured by accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) on the islands of Niijima, J...

    Akihisa Kitamura, Takafumi Imai, Yuta Mitsui, Mami Ito, Yosuke Miyairi, Yusuke Yokoyama and Yuki Tokuda

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:30

    Published on: 18 October 2017

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:35

  13. Research article

    Adjoint tomography of the crust and upper mantle structure beneath the Kanto region using broadband seismograms

    A three-dimensional seismic wave speed model in the Kanto region of Japan was developed using adjoint tomography for application in the effective reproduction of observed waveforms. Starting with a model based...

    Takayuki Miyoshi, Masayuki Obayashi, Daniel Peter, Yoko Tono and Seiji Tsuboi

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:29

    Published on: 3 October 2017

  14. Research article

    Coastal sand dune ecosystem services in metropolitan suburbs: effects on the sake brewery environment induced by changing social conditions

    Chiba Prefecture, Japan, lies very near Tokyo, the capital city of Japan. It borders the sea on three sides and is banded by coastal dunes. Several sake breweries are located near these dunes. Although there a...

    Korehisa Kaneko and Hajime Matsushima

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:28

    Published on: 2 October 2017

  15. Research article

    Tropical cyclone influence on the long-term variability of Philippine summer monsoon onset

    The long-term variability of Philippine summer monsoon onset from 1903 to 2013 was investigated. The onset date is defined by daily rainfall data at eight stations in the northwestern Philippines. Summer monso...

    Hisayuki Kubota, Ryuichi Shirooka, Jun Matsumoto, Esperanza O. Cayanan and Flaviana D. Hilario

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:27

    Published on: 27 September 2017

  16. Research Article

    Feasibility of a magma ocean dynamo on Mars

    Crustal magnetization of rocks in regions of Mars surface testifies to an era of dynamo activity. I examine the possibility that the dynamo that operated then, in the first 400–600 Ma after Mars formed, was po...

    George Helffrich

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:21

    Published on: 15 August 2017

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