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  1. The phase and melting relations in the Fe–S–Si system were determined up to 60 GPa by using a double-sided laser-heated diamond anvil cell combined with X-ray diffraction. On the basis of the X-ray diffraction...

    Authors: Takanori Sakairi, Eiji Ohtani, Seiji Kamada, Takeshi Sakai, Tatsuya Sakamaki and Naohisa Hirao
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:10
  2. We study the hydrogen mobility in ringwoodite and wadsleyite considering multiple charge-balanced defects, including Mg < = > 2H, Si < = > Mg + 2H, and the hydrogarnet defect, Si < = > 4H, using molecular dyna...

    Authors: Razvan Caracas and Wendy R. Panero
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:9
  3. The coastal areas of the Sea of Japan are a well-known hotspot of winter lightning activity. This study distinguishes between three common types of winter lightning in that region (types A–C), based on their f...

    Authors: Daiki Tsurushima, Kiyotaka Sakaida and Noriyasu Honma
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:7
  4. High-resolution mapping along the coast and time-series measurements of the radon-222 (222Rn) concentrations in the shallow zone in a semi-enclosed sea, Obama Bay, Japan, were undertaken in 2013. The temporal and...

    Authors: Shiho Kobayashi, Ryo Sugimoto, Hisami Honda, Yoji Miyata, Daisuke Tahara, Osamu Tominaga, Jun Shoji, Makoto Yamada, Satoshi Nakada and Makoto Taniguchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:6
  5. The El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO) account for a large part of modern climate variability. Over the last decades, understanding of these modes of climate variabil...

    Authors: Luc Beaufort and Michaël Grelaud
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:5
  6. The Asian summer monsoon exerts a strong influence on the hydrologic cycle in East Asia. Moreover, the distribution of heavy precipitation in the Yangtze River basin, which covers a large area of South China, ...

    Authors: Keita Saito, Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng, Tomohisa Irino, Chao Luo, Mengying He, Ke Wang and Yoshiaki Suzuki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:4
  7. A small mud volcano in Murono, Niigata Prefecture, north-central Japan, shows active ground surface displacements, not only when large earthquakes occur in the region but also during quiescent periods between ...

    Authors: Yuichi S. Hayakawa, Shigekazu Kusumoto and Nobuhisa Matta
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:3
  8. In this study, a new method is proposed for the depiction of the atmospheric transportation of the 137Cs emitted from the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station accident. This method employs a combination of the...

    Authors: Teruyuki Nakajima, Shota Misawa, Yu Morino, Haruo Tsuruta, Daisuke Goto, Junya Uchida, Toshihiko Takemura, Toshimasa Ohara, Yasuji Oura, Mitsuru Ebihara and Masaki Satoh
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:2
  9. The interplay of irreversible reactions and deformation during regional metamorphism was analyzed in the reaction zones between rodingite and serpentinite. Rodingites are leucocratic rocks found commonly in se...

    Authors: Tadao Nishiyama, Chisato Yoshida- Shiosaki, Yasushi Mori and Miki Shigeno
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:1
  10. To estimate the seismic velocity changes at different depths associated with a large earthquake, we apply passive image interferometry to two types of seismograms: KiK-net vertical pairs of earthquake records ...

    Authors: Kaoru Sawazaki, Tatsuhiko Saito, Tomotake Ueno and Katsuhiko Shiomi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:36
  11. To understand the chemical nature of hydrothermal fluids in the komatiite-hosted seafloor hydrothermal system in the Hadean, we conducted two hydrothermal serpentinization experiments involving synthetic komat...

    Authors: Hisahiro Ueda, Takazo Shibuya, Yusuke Sawaki, Masafumi Saitoh, Ken Takai and Shigenori Maruyama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:35
  12. Located far from anthropogenic emission sources, high-altitude mountain stations are considered to be ideal sites for monitoring climatic and environmentally important baseline changes in free tropospheric tra...

    Authors: Sachiko Okamoto and Hiroshi Tanimoto
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:34
  13. We discuss elastostatic effects on Mt. Fuji, the tallest volcano in Japan, due to historic earthquakes in Japan. The 1707 Hoei eruption, which was the most explosive historic eruption of Mt. Fuji, occurred 49 ...

    Authors: Masaki Hosono, Yuta Mitsui, Hidemi Ishibashi and Jun Kataoka
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:33
  14. Satellite remote sensing of the macroscopic, microphysical, and optical properties of clouds are useful for studying spatial and temporal variations of clouds at various scales and constraining cloud physical ...

    Authors: Hironobu Iwabuchi, Masanori Saito, Yuka Tokoro, Nurfiena Sagita Putri and Miho Sekiguchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:32
  15. We reconstructed a 2D seismic wavefield and obtained its propagation properties by using the seismic gradiometry method together with dense observations of the Hi-net seismograph network in Japan. The seismic ...

    Authors: Takuto Maeda, Kiwamu Nishida, Ryota Takagi and Kazushige Obara
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:31

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:37

  16. Subduction initiation is a key in understanding the dynamic evolution of the Earth and its fundamental difference to all other rocky planetary bodies in our solar system. Despite recent progress, the question ...

    Authors: Fabio Crameri and Paul J. Tackley
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:30
  17. Autocorrelation functions (ACFs) for ambient seismic noise are considered to be useful tools for estimating temporal changes in the subsurface structure. Velocity changes at Hakone volcano in central Japan, wh...

    Authors: Yohei Yukutake, Tomotake Ueno and Kazuki Miyaoka
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:29
  18. A simple stochastic cellular automaton model is proposed for simulating bedload transport, especially for cases with a low transport rate and where available sediments are very sparse on substrates in a subaqu...

    Authors: Noritaka Endo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:28
  19. A detailed paleomagnetic record of the upper Olduvai polarity transition was obtained from a 106.72 m-long sediment core drilled in southern Yokohama City, located on the northern Miura Peninsula, on the Pacif...

    Authors: Chie Kusu, Makoto Okada, Atsushi Nozaki, Ryuichi Majima and Hideki Wada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:26
  20. The Accessible Silicate Earth (ASE) has a higher 142Nd/144Nd ratio than most chondrites. Thus, if the Earth is assumed to have formed from these chondrites, a complement low-142Nd/144Nd reservoir is needed. Such ...

    Authors: Nozomi Kondo, Takashi Yoshino, Kyoko N. Matsukage and Tetsu Kogiso
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:25
  21. We propose an emergency alert framework for geomagnetically induced currents (GICs), based on the empirically extreme values and theoretical upper limits of the solar wind parameters and of dB/dt, the time deriva...

    Authors: Ryuho Kataoka and Chigomezyo Ngwira
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:23
  22. We investigate the influence of the sea surface temperature (SST) changes on the middle atmosphere of a tidally locked Earth-like planet orbiting a G star using the coupled 3D chemistry-climate model CESM1(WAC...

    Authors: Elisavet Proedrou, Klemens Hocke and Peter Wurz
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:22
  23. The correct understanding of the transient response to external radiative perturbation is important for the interpretation of observed climate change, the prediction of near-future climate change, and committe...

    Authors: Masakazu Yoshimori, Masahiro Watanabe, Hideo Shiogama, Akira Oka, Ayako Abe-Ouchi, Rumi Ohgaito and Youichi Kamae
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:21
  24. This is the first report on amphibole exsolution in pyrope from the Colorado Plateau. Pyrope crystals delivered from mantle depths underneath the Colorado Plateau by kimberlitic volcanism at 30 Ma were collect...

    Authors: Kunihiko Sakamaki, Yuto Sato and Yoshihide Ogasawara
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:20
  25. Extensive experimental studies on the structure and density of silicate glasses as laboratory analogs of natural silicate melts have attempted to address the nature of dense silicate melts that may be present ...

    Authors: Itaru Ohira, Motohiko Murakami, Shinji Kohara, Koji Ohara and Eiji Ohtani
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:18
  26. The success of sub-kilometer global atmospheric simulation opens the door for resolving deep convections, which are fundamental elements of cloudy disturbances that drive global circulation. A previous study f...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Kajikawa, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Ryuji Yoshida, Tsuyoshi Yamaura, Hisashi Yashiro and Hirofumi Tomita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:16
  27. We compiled the most relevant data acquired throughout the Philippine Sea Plate (PSP) from the early expeditions to the most recent. We also analyzed the various explanatory models in light of this updated dat...

    Authors: Serge Lallemand
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:15
  28. Hydrogen and carbon isotope systematics of H2O–H2–CO2–CH4 in hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis and their relation to H2 availability were investigated. Two H2-syntrophic cocultures of fermentatively hydrogenogenic ...

    Authors: Tomoyo Okumura, Shinsuke Kawagucci, Yayoi Saito, Yohei Matsui, Ken Takai and Hiroyuki Imachi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:14
  29. Multigrain X-ray diffraction (XRD) can be used to accurately calculate the unit cell parameters of individual mineral phases in a mineral assemblage contained in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). Coexisting post-per...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Yue Meng and Ho-kwang Mao
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:13
  30. Japanese historical documents reveal that Mw 8 class earthquakes have occurred every 100–150 years along the Suruga and Nankai troughs since the 684 Hakuho earthquake. These earthquakes have commonly caused la...

    Authors: Akihisa Kitamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:12
  31. Many micropaleontological studies based on data from on-land sections, oil wells, and deep-sea drilling cores have provided important information about environmental changes in the Japan Sea that are related t...

    Authors: Takuya Itaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:11
  32. Sound velocities of bridgmanite measured in the laboratory are a key to deciphering the composition of the lower mantle. Here, we report Debye sound velocities determined using nuclear inelastic scattering (NI...

    Authors: Catherine McCammon, Razvan Caracas, Konstantin Glazyrin, Vasily Potapkin, Anastasia Kantor, Ryosuke Sinmyo, Clemens Prescher, Ilya Kupenko, Aleksandr Chumakov and Leonid Dubrovinsky
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:10
  33. Because of the high energies involved, giant impacts that occur during planetary accretion cause large degrees of melting. The depth of melting in the target body after each collision determines the pressure a...

    Authors: Jellie de Vries, Francis Nimmo, H. Jay Melosh, Seth A. Jacobson, Alessandro Morbidelli and David C. Rubie
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:7
  34. In the densely populated region of East Asia, it is important to know the mechanism, scale, and frequency of heavy precipitation brought about during the monsoons and typhoons. However, observational data, whi...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Suzuki, Ryuji Tada, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Tomohisa Irino, Kana Nagashima, Takeshi Nakagawa and Takayuki Omori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:5
  35. Uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) and its linkage with the evolution of the Asian monsoon has been regarded as a typical example of a tectonic–climate linkage. Although this linkage remains unpr...

    Authors: Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng and Peter D. Clift
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:4
  36. Volcanic ash has long been recognized in marine sediment, and given the prevalence of oceanic and continental arc volcanism around the globe in regard to widespread transport of ash, its presence is nearly ubi...

    Authors: Rachel P. Scudder, Richard W. Murray, Julie C. Schindlbeck, Steffen Kutterolf, Folkmar Hauff, Michael B. Underwood, Samantha Gwizd, Rebecca Lauzon and Claire C. McKinley
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:1
  37. Serpentinization of Al-depleted and Al-undepleted komatiites (and olivine for comparison) was experimentally characterized under high-temperature and high-pressure conditions of 300 °C and 500 bar to evaluate ...

    Authors: Takazo Shibuya, Motoko Yoshizaki, Masahiko Sato, Kenji Shimizu, Kentaro Nakamura, Soichi Omori, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Ken Takai, Hideo Tsunakawa and Shigenori Maruyama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:46
  38. This review summarizes the scientific background of and past/prospective update strategies for the development of the Aerosol Loading Interface for Cloud microphysics In Simulation (ALICIS). ALICIS provides a ...

    Authors: Takamichi Iguchi, In-Jin Choi, Yousuke Sato, Kentaroh Suzuki and Teruyuki Nakajima
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:45