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  1. The Strytan Hydrothermal Field (SHF) in basaltic terrain in Iceland is one of the extant alkaline submarine hydrothermal vent systems favoured as analogues for where life on Earth may have begun. To test this ...

    Authors: Carlos Gutiérrez-Ariza, Laura M. Barge, Yang Ding, Silvana S. S. Cardoso, Shawn Erin McGlynn, Ryuhei Nakamura, Donato Giovanelli, Roy Price, Hye Eun Lee, F. Javier Huertas, C. Ignacio Sainz-Díaz and Julyan H. E. Cartwright
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:11
  2. Water is transported into the deep mantle by subducting slabs, playing important roles in mantle dynamics and evolution. An aluminous hydrous mineral, phase δ with a main component of AlOOH, has been considere...

    Authors: Takayuki Ishii, Giacomo Criniti, Narangoo Purevjav, Tomoo Katsura and Eiji Ohtani
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:10
  3. As a result of climate change, the pan-Arctic region has seen greater temperature increases than other geographical regions on the Earth’s surface. This has led to substantial changes in terrestrial ecosystems...

    Authors: Hiroki Mizuochi, Taiga Sasagawa, Akihiko Ito, Yoshihiro Iijima, Hotaek Park, Hirohiko Nagano, Kazuhito Ichii and Tetsuya Hiyama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:9
  4. The Osaka Bay is situated at a seismically active region north of the Median Tectonic Line and east of Awaji Island in western Japan, known as part of the Kinki Triangle and the Niigata–Kobe Tectonic Zone. Den...

    Authors: Mari Hamahashi, Hironori Otsuka, Yoshiaki Suzuki, Jun Arimoto, Tetsuo Matsuno, Nobukazu Seama, Yuzuru Yamamoto, Hiroko Sugioka, Stephen A. Bowden, Satoshi Shimizu, Hikaru Iwamaru, Mamoru Sano, Keita Suzuki, Katsuya Kaneko, Kazuo Nakahigashi and Yoshiyuki Tatsumi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:8
  5. GRACE and GRACE Follow-On (FO) missions provide time-variable gravity field models of unprecedented quality that allow for the hydrological, oceanic, and ice mass change studies on a global scale. However, the...

    Authors: Filip Gałdyn and Krzysztof Sośnica
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:7
  6. Abiotic synthesis of hydrocarbon-bearing fluids during geological processes has a significant impact on the evolution of both the Earth's biosphere and the solid Earth. Aqueous alteration of ultramafic rocks, ...

    Authors: Hironobu Harada and Tatsuki Tsujimori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:6
  7. Thermokarst development is a topographic change in the landscape that is commonly associated with permafrost degradation in ice-rich permafrost regions. The Lena-Aldan interfluvial area in Central Yakutia in e...

    Authors: Takahiro Abe and Yoshihiro Iijima
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:5
  8. Seismic techniques using earthquakes are powerful tools for exploring the Earth’s internal structure. However, the earthquake distribution limits the spatial resolution. In recent years, ambient noise surface ...

    Authors: Kiwamu Nishida, Ryota Takagi and Akiko Takeo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:4
  9. Evaluating the mechanical properties of gas (primarily methane) hydrate-bearing sediments is essential for commercial production as a next-generation resource and understanding the global carbon cycle. Triaxia...

    Authors: Jun Yoneda, Kiyofumi Suzuki, Motoi Oshima, Michihiro Muraoka and Yusuke Jin
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:3
  10. The occurrence of earthquakes is now understood as brittle shear fracture releasing the elastic potential energy stored in the earth. Since the 1950s, many studies on the energy balance in earthquake faulting ...

    Authors: Mitsuhiro Matsu’ura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:2
  11. The purpose of this study is to clarify the vertical prokaryotic distribution in groundwater in a terrestrial subsurface sedimentary environment with a geological complex. Six groundwater samples were collecte...

    Authors: Ayumi Sugiyama, Tetsuo Ibara, Kazuyo Nagaosa, Atsunao Marui and Kenji Kato
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2024 11:1
  12. Polymodal particle size distributions are generally analyzed by separating them into lognormal distributions, but estimating the precise number of lognormal components required remains a considerable problem. ...

    Authors: Naofumi Yamaguchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:70
  13. In August 2021, rain front stagnation in Japan resulted in prolonged and disastrous rainfall across the entire country. During the heavy rainfall period, the large-scale atmospheric field over the East Asian–w...

    Authors: Masaya Kuramochi, Hiroaki Ueda, Tomoshige Inoue, Meiji Honda and Koutarou Takaya
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:69
  14. The thermal structure of subduction zones is fundamental to our understanding of the physical and chemical processes that occur at active convergent plate margins. These include magma generation and related ar...

    Authors: Cian R. Wilson and Peter E. van Keken
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:68
  15. InSAR time series analysis has become a major tool for nationwide land deformation monitoring. Sentinel-1 SAR data have enabled us to measure and monitor ground deformation globally with high accuracy and reso...

    Authors: Yu Morishita, Ryu Sugimoto, Ryosuke Nakamura, Chiaki Tsutsumi, Ryo Natsuaki and Masanobu Shimada
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:66
  16. A technique is developed to quantify the ultra-trace 231Pa (35–3904 ag) concentration in seawater using multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICP-MS). The method is a modification of th...

    Authors: Pu Zhang, Yanbin Lu, Zhe Zhang, Richard Lawrence Edwards, Robert Anderson and Phoebe Lam
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:65
  17. Understanding the provenance and sediment surface processes of the Mu Us sandy land (MU) is critical for comprehending aeolian deposits and dust transportation in inland Asia and the Chinese Loess Plateau (CLP...

    Authors: Mengying He, Wanying Zhang, Bin Wang and Hongbo Zheng
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:63
  18. Igneous rocks associated with the Cretaceous to Paleogene volcanic arc in SW Japan show ages that young from west to east in a direction parallel to the Median Tectonic Line suggesting corresponding translatio...

    Authors: Ken Yamaoka and Simon R. Wallis
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:62
  19. This study examined the performance of an explicit bulk lightning model coupled with a meteorological model for forecasting lightning by numerical weather prediction over Japan. The evaluation was conducted by...

    Authors: Takumi Tomioka, Yousuke Sato, Syugo Hayashi, Satoru Yoshida and Takeshi Iwashita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:60
  20. Together with rapid Arctic warming and sea ice decline, especially over the Barents–Kara seas (BKS), extreme cold winters have occurred frequently in mid-latitudes, particularly in Central Eurasia. A pattern w...

    Authors: Xiling Zhou, Tomonori Sato and Shixue Li
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:59
  21. The thermal structure of subduction zones is fundamental to our understanding of the physical and chemical processes that occur at active convergent plate margins. These include magma generation and related ar...

    Authors: Peter E. van Keken and Cian R. Wilson
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:57
  22. It is now established that the primary microseism, the secondary microseisms, and the hum are the three main components of seismic noise in the frequency band from about 0.003 Hz to 1.0 Hz. Monthly averages of...

    Authors: Toshiro Tanimoto and Aaron Anderson
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:56
  23. Water resources are key to economic development of the Mekong River Basin, but are threatened by climate change and affected by hydropower development. Knowledge of these drivers’ integrated impact on future h...

    Authors: Steven Ly, Takahiro Sayama and Sophal Try
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:55
  24. Increased rainfall associated with climate change can increase sediment discharge. The supply of fine sediment from slope failures inhibits bed armoring of mountain rivers and increases sediment discharge to t...

    Authors: Riho Kido, Takuya Inoue, Misako Hatono and Kazuki Yamanoi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:54
  25. Incoherent scatter radars (ISRs) represent the only instrument (both ground and space based) capable of making high temporal and spatial resolution measurements of multiple atmospheric parameters—such as dens...

    Authors: Lisa Baddeley, Dag Lorentzen, Stein Haaland, Erkka Heino, Ingrid Mann, Wojciech Miloch, Kjellmar Oksavik, Noora Partamies, Andres Spicher and Juha Vierinen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:53
  26. We examined whether it is possible to estimate the tsunami source model of the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake from a comparison of numerical simulations of tsunami propagation and sediment transport, the measured ...

    Authors: Satoshi Kusumoto, Kentaro Imai, Takane Hori, Daisuke Sugawara and Kenji Satake
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:52
  27. This study estimates the timing of unconformity between marine–continental transitional sequence of the Kuldana Formation and continental sequence of the Murree Formation for the first time across the Hazara-K...

    Authors: Muhammad Qasim, Zia Ur Rehman, Lin Ding, Javed Iqbal Tanoli, Wahid Abbas, Muhammad Jamil, Zahid Imran Bhatti and Muhammad Umar
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:51
  28. Devastating megathrust earthquakes and slow earthquakes both occur along subducting plate interfaces. These interplate seismic activities are strongly dependent on the nature of the plate interface, such as th...

    Authors: Gou Fujie, Shuichi Kodaira, Koichiro Obana, Yojiro Yamamoto, Takehi Isse, Tomoaki Yamada, Tetsuo No, Yasuyuki Nakamura and Seiichi Miura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:50
  29. Sediment cores collected at Lake Kogare-ike, a coastal lake on the Pacific coast of central Japan, record the marine inundation history during the last 3000 years. The sediments consist mainly of organic mud, ...

    Authors: Yumi Shimada, Yuki Sawai, Dan Matsumoto, Koichiro Tanigawa, Kazumi Ito, Toru Tamura, Yuichi Namegaya, Masanobu Shishikura and Shigehiro Fujino
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:49
  30. Clouds are the primary source of uncertainty in the prediction of climate change. To reduce the uncertainty of cloud simulations and overcome this difficulty in prediction, many climate modeling centers are no...

    Authors: Akira T. Noda, Tomoki Ohno, Chihiro Kodama, Ying-Wen Chen, Naomi Kuba, Tatsuya Seiki, Yohei Yamada and Masaki Satoh
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:48
  31. Detailed investigations of time series features across climates, continents and variable types can progress our understanding and modelling ability of the Earth’s hydroclimate and its dynamics. They can also i...

    Authors: Georgia Papacharalampous, Hristos Tyralis, Yannis Markonis, Petr Máca and Martin Hanel
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:46
  32. The structure of the incoming plate is an important element that is often considered to be related to the occurrence of great earthquakes in subduction zones. In the Japan Trench, where the 2011 Tohoku earthqu...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Nakamura, Shuichi Kodaira, Gou Fujie, Mikiya Yamashita, Koichiro Obana and Seiichi Miura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:45
  33. Authors: Ryoichi Imasu, Tsuneo Matsunaga, Masakatsu Nakajima, Yukio Yoshida, Kei Shiomi, Isamu Morino, Naoko Saitoh, Yosuke Niwa, Yu Someya, Yu Oishi, Makiko Hashimoto, Hibiki Noda, Kouki Hikosaka, Osamu Uchino, Shamil Maksyutov, Hiroshi Takagi…
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:44

    The original article was published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:33

  34. Bridgmanite formation and amorphization in shocked meteorites constrain the pressure and temperature conditions during planetary impact. However, the effect of the bridgmanite grain size on its amorphization k...

    Authors: Masayuki Nishi, Si Jin, Katsutoshi Kawano, Hideharu Kuwahara, Akihiro Yamada, Shogo Kawaguchi, Yuki Mori, Tatsuhiro Sakaiya and Tadashi Kondo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:41
  35. The modern and Late Pleistocene terrestrial fauna of Miyako Jima and adjacent islands (the Miyako Islands) in the southern Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan, includes some endemic taxa or genetically unique p...

    Authors: Nana Watanabe, Kohsaku Arai, Makoto Otsubo, Mamoru Toda, Atsushi Tominaga, Shun Chiyonobu, Tokiyuki Sato, Tadahiro Ikeda, Akio Takahashi, Hidetoshi Ota and Yasufumi Iryu
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:40
  36. The slab–mantle interface in subduction zones is one of the geological boundaries with the most significant chemical potential gradients, which leads to fluid-mediated metasomatic reactions and chemical transp...

    Authors: Atsushi Okamoto and Ryosuke Oyanagi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:39
  37. The linkage between environmental conditions in the coastal ocean and the open sea varies greatly by region. It is important to clarify, on an area-by-area basis, what coastal monitoring information reveals ab...

    Authors: Shuhei Masuda, Masato Kobayashi, Luis Alfredo Icochea Salas and Gandy Maria Rosales Quintana
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:38
  38. Detachment faulting is one of the main styles of seafloor spreading at slow to intermediate mid-ocean ridges. However, we have limited insight into its role in back-arc basin formation. We surveyed a remnant b...

    Authors: Kyoko Okino, Kenichiro Tani, Masakazu Fujii, Fei Zhou, Osamu Ishizuka, Yasuhiko Ohara, Tomoko Hanyu and Yuki Matamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:37
  39. The 2016 Kaikoura earthquake, New Zealand, ruptured more than a dozen faults, making it difficult to prescribe a model fault for analyzing the event by inversion. To model this earthquake from teleseismic reco...

    Authors: Kenta Ohara, Yuji Yagi, Shinji Yamashita, Ryo Okuwaki, Shiro Hirano and Yukitoshi Fukahata
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:35
  40. The 2011 Tohoku-Oki great earthquake increased the difficulty of evaluating the long-term probability of seismic activity along the Japan Trench because of the unknown impact of the unprecedentedly large slip....

    Authors: Ryoko Nakata, Naoki Uchida, Takane Hori and Ryota Hino
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:34
  41. The Greenhouse gases Observing SATellite 2 (GOSAT-2) was launched in October 2018 as a successor to GOSAT (launched in 2009), the first satellite to specialize in greenhouse gas observations. Compared to the G...

    Authors: Ryoichi Imasu, Tsuneo Matsunaga, Masakatsu Nakajima, Yukio Yoshida, Kei Shiomi, Isamu Morino, Naoko Saitoh, Yosuke Niwa, Yu Someya, Yu Oishi, Makiko Hashimoto, Hibiki Noda, Kouki Hikosaka, Osamu Uchino, Shamil Maksyutov, Hiroshi Takagi…
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:33

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:44

  42. Observational studies on the characteristics of tropical cyclones (TCs) crossing Mindanao and Visayas Islands, in the southern and central Philippines, respectively, remain limited. To address this research ga...

    Authors: Clint Eldrick R. Petilla, Leia Pauline S. Tonga, Lyndon Mark P. Olaguera and Jun Matsumoto
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2023 10:32