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  1. A recently developed energy flux diagnosis scheme, which incorporates a smooth connection between the tropical and subtropical zones, is used in the present study to investigate vertically propagating waves in...

    Authors: Zimeng Li, Hidenori Aiki, Motoki Nagura and Tomomichi Ogata

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:43

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Disentangling the temperature and depth of formation of fault rocks is critical for understanding their rheology, exhumation, and the evolution of fault zones. Estimation of fault rock temperatures mostly reli...

    Authors: Dyuti Prakash Sarkar, Jun-ichi Ando, Akihiro Kano, Hirokazu Kato, Gautam Ghosh and Kaushik Das

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:42

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The activity of stars such as the Sun varies over timescales ranging from the very short to the very long—stellar and planetary evolutionary timescales. Experience from our solar system indicates that short-te...

    Authors: Dibyendu Nandy, Petrus C. H. Martens, Vladimir Obridko, Soumyaranjan Dash and Katya Georgieva

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:40

    Content type: Review

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  4. The geochemistry of calcifying marine organisms is an excellent proxy for reconstructing paleoceanographic history, but studies of hypercalcified demosponges (sclerosponges) are considerably fewer than those o...

    Authors: Ryuji Asami, Taketo Matsumori, Ryuichi Shinjo, Ryu Uemura, Yuki Miyaoka, Masaru Mizuyama, Yuji Ise and Takashi Sakamaki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:38

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Destructive landslides were triggered by the 6.7 Mw Eastern Iburi earthquake that struck southern Hokkaido, Japan, on 6 September 2018. Heavy rainfall on 4 September in addition to intermittent rainfall around th...

    Authors: Jun Kameda

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:37

    Content type: Research article

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  6. The ongoing increases in anthropogenic radiative forcing have changed the global water cycle and are expected to lead to more intense precipitation extremes and associated floods. However, given the limitation...

    Authors: Yukiko Hirabayashi, Haireti Alifu, Dai Yamazaki, Yukiko Imada, Hideo Shiogama and Yuki Kimura

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:36

    Content type: Research article

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  7. The Earth’s magnetosphere is region that is carved out by the solar wind as it flows past and interacts with the terrestrial magnetic field. The inner magnetosphere is the region that contains the plasmasphere...

    Authors: Shrikanth Kanekal and Yoshizumi Miyoshi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:35

    Content type: Review

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  8. Jakarta is the capital of Indonesia and is considered one of the most vulnerable cities to climate-related disasters, including flooding, sea-level rise, and storm surges. Therefore, the development of a flood...

    Authors: Bambang Adhi Priyambodoho, Shuichi Kure, Ryuusei Yagi and Nurul Fajar Januriyadi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:34

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Ground-based remote sensing using multi-axis differential optical absorption spectroscopy (MAX-DOAS) was used to conduct continuous simultaneous observations of ozone (O3), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and formaldehyd...

    Authors: Hitoshi Irie, Daichi Yonekawa, Alessandro Damiani, Hossain Mohammed Syedul Hoque, Kengo Sudo and Syuichi Itahashi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:31

    Content type: Research article

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  10. The fluctuating position of the boundary between the Kuroshio (warm) and Oyashio (cold) currents in the mid-latitude western North Pacific affects both heat transport and air–ocean interactions and has signifi...

    Authors: Yoshimi Kubota, Yuki Haneda, Koji Kameo, Takuya Itaki, Hiroki Hayashi, Kizuku Shikoku, Kentaro Izumi, Martin J. Head, Yusuke Suganuma and Makoto Okada

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:29

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study conducted a field survey and multiproxy analyses on sediment cores retrieved from the Kobatake-ike pond in Choshi City, Chiba Prefecture, Japan. Kobatake-ike pond is located at a high elevation (i.e...

    Authors: Hokuto Higaki, Kazuhisa Goto, Hideaki Yanagisawa, Daisuke Sugawara and Takashi Ishizawa

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:28

    Content type: Research article

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  12. We investigated the compressional behavior of i-AlCuFe quasicrystal using diamond anvil cell under quasi-hydrostatic conditions by in situ angle-dispersive X-ray powder diffraction measurements (in both compre...

    Authors: Vincenzo Stagno, Luca Bindi, Sota Takagi and Atsushi Kyono

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:27

    Content type: Research article

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  13. We present results of an effort to evaluate the ability of an analytic model to describe the behavior of the equatorial zonal plasma drifts given inputs provided by readily available climatological models of t...

    Authors: Samuel A. Shidler and Fabiano S. Rodrigues

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:26

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The measurements of one of the major greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide (CO2), are being made using dedicated satellite remote sensing since the launch of the greenhouse gases observing satellite (GOSAT) by a three...

    Authors: Prabir K. Patra, Tomohiro Hajima, Ryu Saito, Naveen Chandra, Yukio Yoshida, Kazuhito Ichii, Michio Kawamiya, Masayuki Kondo, Akihiko Ito and David Crisp

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:25

    Content type: Research article

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  15. For the purpose of identifying the key processes and sectors involved in the interaction between Earth and socio-economic systems, we review existing studies on those processes/sectors through which the climat...

    Authors: Kaoru Tachiiri, Xuanming Su and Ken’ichi Matsumoto

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:24

    Content type: Review

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  16. Investigating organic compounds in marine sediments can potentially unlock a wealth of new information in these climate archives. Here, we present pilot study results of organic geochemical features of long-ch...

    Authors: Xin Chen, Xiaodong Liu, Da-Cheng Lin, Jianjun Wang, Liqi Chen, Pai-Sen Yu, Linmiao Wang, Zhifang Xiong and Min-Te Chen

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:23

    Content type: Research article

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  17. As wood pieces supplied by landslides and debris flows are one of the main components of ecological and geomorphic systems, the importance of quantifying the dimensions of the wood pieces is evident. However, ...

    Authors: Haruka Tsunetaka, Slim Mtibaa, Shiho Asano, Takashi Okamoto and Ushio Kurokawa

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:22

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The Sun is a variable active-dynamo star, emitting radiation in all wavelengths and solar-wind plasma to the interplanetary space. The Earth is immersed in this radiation and solar wind, showing various respon...

    Authors: Kazuo Shiokawa and Katya Georgieva

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:21

    Content type: Review

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  19. Recent studies using well density distributed borehole logs have revealed undulating topography at the bases of incised valleys formed during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). In this study, from analysis of 470...

    Authors: Susumu Tanabe and Yoshiro Ishihara

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:20

    Content type: Research article

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  20. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Junko Iwahashi, Dai Yamazaki, Takayuki Nakano and Ryo Endo

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:19

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:3

  21. In the East Asian monsoon area, stalagmites generally record lower and higher oxygen isotope (δ18O) levels during warm humid interglacial and cold dry glacial periods, respectively. Here, we report unusually low ...

    Authors: Shota Amekawa, Kenji Kashiwagi, Masako Hori, Tomomi Sone, Hirokazu Kato, Tomoyo Okumura, Tsai-Luen Yu, Chuan-Chou Shen and Akihiro Kano

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:18

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Soil Water Index (SWI) represents the conceptual water stored in the soil and is calculated using a three-layer tank model with hourly precipitation. In Japan, landslide disasters are likely to occur when SWI ...

    Authors: Hiroshi Matsuyama, Hitoshi Saito and Valerii Zemtsov

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:17

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Small water parcels, which are characterized by a low salinity and high dissolved oxygen (DO) are observed by Seaglider in the main thermocline (26.0–27.0 σθ) south of the Kuroshio Extension (KE), have horizontal...

    Authors: Shigeki Hosoda, Ryuichiro Inoue, Masami Nonaka, Hideharu Sasaki, Yoshikazu Sasai and Mizue Hirano

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:16

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Examining the regularity in slip over seismic cycles leads to an understanding of earthquake recurrence and provides the basis for probabilistic seismic hazard assessment. Systematic analysis of three-dimensio...

    Authors: Naoya Takahashi and Shinji Toda

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:15

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (FDNPP) accident in March 2011 emitted a considerable amount of radioactive materials. This study isolated radiocesium-bearing microparticles (CsMPs), a form of radioa...

    Authors: Yoshinari Abe, Seika Onozaki, Izumi Nakai, Kouji Adachi, Yasuhito Igarashi, Yasuji Oura, Mitsuru Ebihara, Takafumi Miyasaka, Hisashi Nakamura, Keisuke Sueki, Haruo Tsuruta and Yuichi Moriguchi

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:13

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Microplastic pollutes water, land, air, and groundwater environments not only visually but also ecologically for plants, animals, and humans. Microplastic has been reported to act as vectors by sorbing polluta...

    Authors: Tan Suet May Amelia, Wan Mohd Afiq Wan Mohd Khalik, Meng Chuan Ong, Yi Ta Shao, Hui-Juan Pan and Kesaven Bhubalan

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:12

    Content type: Review

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  27. Previous projections of the frequency of tropical cyclone genesis due to global warming, even in terms of sign of the change, depends on the chosen model simulation. Here, we systematically examine projected c...

    Authors: Yohei Yamada, Chihiro Kodama, Masaki Satoh, Masato Sugi, Malcolm J. Roberts, Ryo Mizuta, Akira T. Noda, Tomoe Nasuno, Masuo Nakano and Pier Luigi Vidale

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:11

    Content type: Research article

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  28. The Chiba composite section (CbCS) in the Kokumoto Formation, Kazusa Group, central Japan is a thick and continuous marine succession that straddles the Lower–Middle Pleistocene boundary and the well-recognize...

    Authors: Kentaro Izumi, Yuki Haneda, Yusuke Suganuma, Makoto Okada, Yoshimi Kubota, Naohisa Nishida, Moto Kawamata and Takuya Matsuzaki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:10

    Content type: Research article

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  29. We attempt to develop a possible theory of chemical fractionations in chondrites, that is consistent with various features of chondritic components and current observation of protoplanetary disks (PPD). Combin...

    Authors: Akihiko Hashimoto and Yuki Nakano

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:9

    Content type: Research article

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  30. In this study, we developed two high-resolution future ocean regional projection datasets for coastal applications in Japan, in which we made use of dynamical downscaling via regional ocean models with atmosph...

    Authors: Shiro Nishikawa, Tsuyoshi Wakamatsu, Hiroshi Ishizaki, Kei Sakamoto, Yusuke Tanaka, Hiroyuki Tsujino, Goro Yamanaka, Masafumi Kamachi and Yoichi Ishikawa

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:7

    Content type: Methodology

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  31. The application of soft computing (SC) models for predicting environmental variables is widely gaining popularity, because of their capability to describe complex non-linear processes. The sea surface temperat...

    Authors: Masoud Haghbin, Ahmad Sharafati, Davide Motta, Nadhir Al-Ansari and Mohamadreza Hosseinian Moghadam Noghani

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:4

    Content type: Review

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  32. This study aims to create a terrain classification of Japan that allows both geomorphological and geoengineering classifications coexist without large contradictions and to distinguish landform elements even i...

    Authors: Junko Iwahashi, Dai Yamazaki, Takayuki Nakano and Ryo Endo

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:3

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:19

  33. The southwestern Ryukyu Trench represents the ultimate sink of sediments shed from Taiwan into the Philippine Sea, which are mainly transported to the trench by turbidity currents via submarine canyons. Here, ...

    Authors: Kan-Hsi Hsiung, Toshiya Kanamatsu, Ken Ikehara, Kazuko Usami, Chorng-Shern Horng, Naohiko Ohkouchi, Nanako O. Ogawa, Saneatsu Saito and Masafumi Murayama

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:2

    Content type: Paper with full data attached

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  34. In extreme event attribution, which aims to answer whether and to what extent a particular extreme weather event can be attributed to global warming, the probability of an event is generally estimated through ...

    Authors: Akira Hasegawa, Yukiko Imada, Hideo Shiogama, Masato Mori, Hiroaki Tatebe and Masahiro Watanabe

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:78

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Ensembles of climate change projections created by general circulation models (GCMs) with high resolution are increasingly needed to develop adaptation strategies for regional climate change. The Meteorologica...

    Authors: Rui Ito, Tosiyuki Nakaegawa and Izuru Takayabu

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:77

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Oceans on Earth are present as a result of dynamic equilibrium between degassing and regassing through the interaction with Earth’s interior. We review mineral physics, geophysical, and geochemical studies rel...

    Authors: Shun-ichiro Karato, Bijaya Karki and Jeffrey Park

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:76

    Content type: Review

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2021 8:14

  37. The heavy rain event of July 2018 and Typhoon Hagibis in October 2019 caused severe flash flood disasters in numerous parts of western and eastern Japan. Flash floods need to be predicted over a wide range wit...

    Authors: Takahiro Sayama, Masafumi Yamada, Yoshito Sugawara and Dai Yamazaki

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:75

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The transient climate response to cumulative carbon emissions (TCRE) is a key metric in estimating the remaining carbon budget for given temperature targets. However, the TCRE has a small scenario dependence t...

    Authors: Kaoru Tachiiri

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:74

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Although importance of co-control of SLCPs together with the emission reduction of CO2 has attracted much attention for the mid-term climate change mitigation, the contribution to radiative forcing (RF) is rather...

    Authors: Hajime Akimoto, Tatsuya Nagashima, Hiroshi Tanimoto, Zbigniew Klimont and Markus Amann

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:73

    Content type: Research article

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  40. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Ayumu Miyakawa, Tomoya Abe, Tatsuya Sumita and Makoto Otsubo

    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:72

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2020 7:63