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  1. The success of sub-kilometer global atmospheric simulation opens the door for resolving deep convections, which are fundamental elements of cloudy disturbances that drive global circulation. A previous study f...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Kajikawa, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Ryuji Yoshida, Tsuyoshi Yamaura, Hisashi Yashiro and Hirofumi Tomita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:16
  2. We compiled the most relevant data acquired throughout the Philippine Sea Plate (PSP) from the early expeditions to the most recent. We also analyzed the various explanatory models in light of this updated dat...

    Authors: Serge Lallemand
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:15
  3. Hydrogen and carbon isotope systematics of H2O–H2–CO2–CH4 in hydrogenotrophic methanogenesis and their relation to H2 availability were investigated. Two H2-syntrophic cocultures of fermentatively hydrogenogenic ...

    Authors: Tomoyo Okumura, Shinsuke Kawagucci, Yayoi Saito, Yohei Matsui, Ken Takai and Hiroyuki Imachi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:14
  4. Multigrain X-ray diffraction (XRD) can be used to accurately calculate the unit cell parameters of individual mineral phases in a mineral assemblage contained in a diamond anvil cell (DAC). Coexisting post-per...

    Authors: Li Zhang, Yue Meng and Ho-kwang Mao
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:13
  5. Japanese historical documents reveal that Mw 8 class earthquakes have occurred every 100–150 years along the Suruga and Nankai troughs since the 684 Hakuho earthquake. These earthquakes have commonly caused la...

    Authors: Akihisa Kitamura
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:12
  6. Many micropaleontological studies based on data from on-land sections, oil wells, and deep-sea drilling cores have provided important information about environmental changes in the Japan Sea that are related t...

    Authors: Takuya Itaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:11
  7. Sound velocities of bridgmanite measured in the laboratory are a key to deciphering the composition of the lower mantle. Here, we report Debye sound velocities determined using nuclear inelastic scattering (NI...

    Authors: Catherine McCammon, Razvan Caracas, Konstantin Glazyrin, Vasily Potapkin, Anastasia Kantor, Ryosuke Sinmyo, Clemens Prescher, Ilya Kupenko, Aleksandr Chumakov and Leonid Dubrovinsky
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:10
  8. Because of the high energies involved, giant impacts that occur during planetary accretion cause large degrees of melting. The depth of melting in the target body after each collision determines the pressure a...

    Authors: Jellie de Vries, Francis Nimmo, H. Jay Melosh, Seth A. Jacobson, Alessandro Morbidelli and David C. Rubie
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:7
  9. In the densely populated region of East Asia, it is important to know the mechanism, scale, and frequency of heavy precipitation brought about during the monsoons and typhoons. However, observational data, whi...

    Authors: Yoshiaki Suzuki, Ryuji Tada, Kazuyoshi Yamada, Tomohisa Irino, Kana Nagashima, Takeshi Nakagawa and Takayuki Omori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:5
  10. Uplift of the Himalaya and Tibetan Plateau (HTP) and its linkage with the evolution of the Asian monsoon has been regarded as a typical example of a tectonic–climate linkage. Although this linkage remains unpr...

    Authors: Ryuji Tada, Hongbo Zheng and Peter D. Clift
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:4
  11. Volcanic ash has long been recognized in marine sediment, and given the prevalence of oceanic and continental arc volcanism around the globe in regard to widespread transport of ash, its presence is nearly ubi...

    Authors: Rachel P. Scudder, Richard W. Murray, Julie C. Schindlbeck, Steffen Kutterolf, Folkmar Hauff, Michael B. Underwood, Samantha Gwizd, Rebecca Lauzon and Claire C. McKinley
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:1
  12. Serpentinization of Al-depleted and Al-undepleted komatiites (and olivine for comparison) was experimentally characterized under high-temperature and high-pressure conditions of 300 °C and 500 bar to evaluate ...

    Authors: Takazo Shibuya, Motoko Yoshizaki, Masahiko Sato, Kenji Shimizu, Kentaro Nakamura, Soichi Omori, Katsuhiko Suzuki, Ken Takai, Hideo Tsunakawa and Shigenori Maruyama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:46
  13. This review summarizes the scientific background of and past/prospective update strategies for the development of the Aerosol Loading Interface for Cloud microphysics In Simulation (ALICIS). ALICIS provides a ...

    Authors: Takamichi Iguchi, In-Jin Choi, Yousuke Sato, Kentaroh Suzuki and Teruyuki Nakajima
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:45
  14. A severe accident occurred in March 2011 at the Fukushima Dai-ichi nuclear power plant (FDNPP) operated by the Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), causing serious environmental pollution over a wide range co...

    Authors: Yasuhito Igarashi, Mizuo Kajino, Yuji Zaizen, Kouji Adachi and Masao Mikami
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:44
  15. We reviewed three sea surface temperature (SST) proxies in the Okinawa Trough (OT): alkenones, planktonic foraminiferal Mg/Ca, and planktonic foraminiferal assemblages. The seasonal and vertical distribution p...

    Authors: Ryoung Ah Kim, Kyung Eun Lee and Si Woong Bae
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:43
  16. Experiments simulating intense vortices associated with tornadoes that occurred on 6 May 2012 on the Kanto Plain, Japan, were performed with a nested local ensemble transform Kalman filter (LETKF) system. Inte...

    Authors: Hiromu Seko, Masaru Kunii, Sho Yokota, Tadashi Tsuyuki and Takemasa Miyoshi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:42
  17. Carbonate precipitation is a major process in the global carbon cycle. It was recently proposed that authigenic carbonate (carbonate precipitated in situ at the sediment–water interface and/or within the sedim...

    Authors: Masafumi Saitoh, Yuichiro Ueno, Yukio Isozaki, Takazo Shibuya, Jianxin Yao, Zhansheng Ji, Katsumi Shozugawa, Motoyuki Matsuo and Naohiro Yoshida
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:41
  18. Assimilation of surface geomagnetic observations and geodynamo models has advanced very quickly in recent years. However, compared to advanced data assimilation systems in meteorology, geomagnetic data assimil...

    Authors: Weijia Kuang and Andrew Tangborn
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:40
  19. Recent planetary space missions, new experimental data, and advanced numerical techniques have helped to improve our understanding of the deep interiors of the terrestrial planets and moons. In the present rev...

    Authors: Doris Breuer, Tina Rueckriemen and Tilman Spohn
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:39
  20. Throughout the Earth’s history, mass transport involved fluids. In order to address the circumstances under which Zr4+ may have been transported in this manner, its solubility behavior in aqueous fluid with and w...

    Authors: Bjorn Mysen
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:38
  21. Simultaneous measurements of elastic wave velocity and electrical conductivity in a brine-saturated granitic rock were conducted under confining pressures of up to 180 MPa. Contrasting changes in velocity and ...

    Authors: Tohru Watanabe and Akiyoshi Higuchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:37
  22. Within the fluid iron cores of terrestrial planets, convection and the resulting generation of global magnetic fields are controlled by the overlying rocky mantle. The thermal structure of the lower mantle det...

    Authors: Wieland Dietrich, Johannes Wicht and Kumiko Hori
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:35
  23. Frequency-dependent reflection coefficients of P waves at the inner core boundary (ICB) are estimated from the spectral ratios of PKiKP and PcP waves observed by the high-sensitivity seismograph network (Hi-ne...

    Authors: Satoru Tanaka and Hrvoje Tkalčić
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:34
  24. In order to interpret the marine clastic record preserved in the sedimentary basins of the East Asian marginal seas, it is important to understand how sediment transport and chemical weathering affect the comp...

    Authors: Mengying He, Hongbo Zheng, Peter D. Clift, Ryuji Tada, Weihua Wu and Chao Luo
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:32
  25. A study of soil gases was made in North Carolina (USA) in and around morphological depressions called “Carolina bays.” This type of depression is observed over the Atlantic coastal plains of the USA, but their...

    Authors: Viacheslav Zgonnik, Valérie Beaumont, Eric Deville, Nikolay Larin, Daniel Pillot and Kathleen M. Farrell
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:31
  26. Seismicity along the subducting plate interface shows regional variation, which has been explained by the seismic asperity model where large earthquakes occur at strongly coupled patches that are surrounded by...

    Authors: Ikuo Katayama, Tatsuro Kubo, Hiroshi Sakuma and Kenji Kawai
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:30
  27. Our understanding of the dynamics of the Earth’s core can be advanced by a combination of observation, experiments, and simulations. A crucial aspect of the core is the interplay between the flow of the conduc...

    Authors: Matthew M. Adams, Douglas R. Stone, Daniel S. Zimmerman and Daniel P. Lathrop
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:29
  28. The Scientific Committee on Solar–Terrestrial Physics (SCOSTEP) of the International Council for Science (ICSU) implemented an international collaborative program called Climate and Weather of the Sun–Earth Syste...

    Authors: Toshitaka Tsuda, Marianna Shepherd and Nat Gopalswamy
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:28
  29. In the northwestern Pacific, the elastic properties of marine sediments, including P-wave velocities (Vp) and S wave velocities (Vs), have recently been constrained by active seismic surveys. However, information...

    Authors: Takashi Tonegawa, Yoshio Fukao, Gou Fujie, Shunsuke Takemura, Tsutomu Takahashi and Shuichi Kodaira
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:27
  30. Mantle control on planetary dynamos is often studied by imposing heterogeneous core-mantle boundary (CMB) heat flux patterns on the outer boundary of numerical dynamo simulations. These patterns typically ente...

    Authors: Hagay Amit, Gaël Choblet, Peter Olson, Julien Monteux, Frédéric Deschamps, Benoit Langlais and Gabriel Tobie
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:26
  31. Rate-limiting processes and the degree of disequilibrium during metamorphic mineral growth are key controls on the rate of dehydration and hydration in the Earth’s crust. This paper examines diffusion-controll...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Miyazaki
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:25
  32. Fluid motions within planetary cores generate magnetic fields through dynamo action. These core processes are driven by thermo-compositional convection subject to the competing influences of rotation, which te...

    Authors: Krista M. Soderlund, Andrey Sheyko, Eric M. King and Jonathan M. Aurnou
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:24
  33. This study investigated the impact of several cloud microphysical schemes on the trade wind cumulus in the large eddy simulation model. To highlight the differences due to the cloud microphysical component, we...

    Authors: Yousuke Sato, Seiya Nishizawa, Hisashi Yashiro, Yoshiaki Miyamoto, Yoshiyuki Kajikawa and Hirofumi Tomita
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:23
  34. Degassing of water during the ascent of hydrous magma in a volcanic edifice produces dramatic changes in the magma density and viscosity. This can profoundly affect the dynamics of volcanic eruptions. The wate...

    Authors: Charles Le Losq, Bjorn O. Mysen and George D. Cody
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:22
  35. The EISCAT (European Incoherent SCATer) Scientific Association has provided versatile incoherent scatter (IS) radar facilities on the mainland of northern Scandinavia (the EISCAT UHF and VHF radar systems) and...

    Authors: Ian McCrea, Anita Aikio, Lucilla Alfonsi, Evgenia Belova, Stephan Buchert, Mark Clilverd, Norbert Engler, Björn Gustavsson, Craig Heinselman, Johan Kero, Mike Kosch, Hervé Lamy, Thomas Leyser, Yasunobu Ogawa, Kjellmar Oksavik, Asta Pellinen-Wannberg…
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:21
  36. During the last 50 years, we have made much progress in studying auroral substorms (consisting of the growth phase, the expansion phase, and the recovery phase). In particular, we have quantitatively learned abou...

    Authors: Syun-Ichi Akasofu
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:20
  37. The paired analyses of the Mg/Ca ratio and oxygen isotopic composition (δ 18Oc) of surface-dwelling planktonic foraminifera have become a widely used method for reconstructing the oxygen i...

    Authors: Keiji Horikawa, Tomohiro Kodaira, Jing Zhang and Masafumi Murayama
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:19
  38. The strongly temperature-dependent viscosity of rocks leads to the formation of nearly rigid lithospheric plates. Previous studies showed that a very low yield stress might be necessary to weaken and mobilize ...

    Authors: Teresa Wong and Viatcheslav S Solomatov
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:18
  39. The Kuroshio Current is a major western boundary current controlled by the North Pacific Gyre. It brings warm subtropical waters from the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool to Japan exerting a major control on Asian clima...

    Authors: Stephen J. Gallagher, Akihisa Kitamura, Yasufumi Iryu, Takuya Itaki, Itaru Koizumi and Peter W. Hoiles
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:17
  40. Large tsunamis occurring throughout the past several hundred years along the Sanriku Coast on the Pacific coast of northeastern Japan have been documented and observed. However, the risk of large tsunamis like...

    Authors: Daisuke Ishimura and Takahiro Miyauchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:16
  41. Mass movements caused by rainfall events in Taiwan are analyzed during a 7-year period from 2006 to 2012. Data from the Taiwan Soil and Water Conservation Bureau reports were compiled for 263 mass movement eve...

    Authors: Chi-Wen Chen, Hitoshi Saito and Takashi Oguchi
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:14
  42. This paper presents an overview of results obtained during the CAWSES-II period on the short-term variability of the Sun and how it affects the near-Earth space environment. CAWSES-II was planned to examine th...

    Authors: Nat Gopalswamy, Bruce Tsurutani and Yihua Yan
    Citation: Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2015 2:13