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Table 9 Temperature and precipitation conditions during the LIA

From: The response of the hydrological cycle to temperature changes in recent and distant climatic history

Study site Hemisphere Zone Time T P Citation(s)
Global NH/SH 0 1350–1900 CE Cold 0 Crowley and North (1991)
Graumlich (1993)
Mann et al. (1998)
Christiansen and Ljungqvist (2012) Schneider et al. (2015)
Global NH/SH 0 14th, Late sixteenth and seventeenth century Cold 0 Trachsel et al. (2012)
N. Hemisphere NH 0 1570–1730 CE Cold 0 Bradley and Jonest (1993)
S. Hemisphere SH 0 1350–1900 CE Cold 0 Rhodes et al. (2012)
Africa NH L-L 1350–1900 CE 0 Dry Street-Perrott and Perrott (1990)
Antarctica SH H-L 1350–1900 CE Cold 0 Bertler et al. (2011)
Europe NH M-L 1650–1750 CE Warm 0 Bond et al. (2001)
Europe NH M-L Early eighteenth century 0 Wet Pauling et al. (2006)
Europe NH M-L Early eighteenth century Warm 0 Nesje et al. (2008)
Europe NH M-L 1760–1800 CE 0 Wet Blöschl et al. (2020)
Europe NH M-L 1560–1580 CE Warm Wet Glaser et al. (2010) Br´azdil et al. (1999)
Europe NH M-L 1840–1870 CE Warm Wet Glaser et al. (2010) Br´azdil et al. (1999)
N. America NH M-L Late 16th 0 Dry Cook et al. (1997)
    and Early seventeenth century    Bradley et al. (2003) Matthews and Briffa (2005)
Central Asia NH M-L 1350–1900 CE 0 Wet Chen et al. (2015)
Central America NH M-L 1350–1900 CE 0 Dry Stansell et al. (2013)
N. America
(Central regions)
NH M-L 1350–1900 CE 0 Wet Ladd et al. (2018)
N. America
(W & E Coast)
NH M-L 1350–1900 CE 0 Dry Ladd et al. (2018)
Southern S. America SH M-L 1280–1450 CE,
1550–1670 CE,
and 1780–1830 CE
Cold Dry Villalba (1994)
Southern S. America SH M-L 1220–1280 CE
1450–1550 CE,
1720–1780 CE,
and 1830–1905 CE
Warm Wet Villalba (1994)
Antarctic Pen SH H-L 1350–1900 CE 0 Wet Rogers (1983)
Arabian Sea NH L-L 1450–1750 CE 0 Dry Agnihotri et al. (2002)
Argentina SH M-L 1800 and 1930 0 Wet Mauquoy et al. (2004)
Canada NH M-L 1515–1550 CE,
1585–1610 CE,
1660–1680 CE,
and 1880s
0 Wet Luckman (2000)
Czech Republic NH M-L 1670–1710 CE 0 Wet Br´azdil et al. (2002)
Venezuelan Andes NH L-L 1400–1700 CE 0 Wet Polissar et al. (2006)
Scotland NH M-L Late 13th to mid fourteenth century 0 Wet Proctor et al. (2000)
Peru SH L-L 1400–1700 CE 0 Wet Reuter et al. (2009)
Bird et al. (2011)
California, USA NH M-L 1400 CE 0 Wet Stine (1994)
Wales, UK NH M-L Late 13th mid fourteenth century 0 Wet Lamb (1965)
England NH M-L Late 13th mid fourteenth century 0 Wet Lamb (1965)
Patagonia NH M-L 1400 CE 0 Wet Stine (1994)
N. China NH M-L 1450–1750 CE 0 Dry Chen et al. (2015)
N. Taiwan NH M-L 1660, 1730, and 1820 CE 0 Wet Wang et al. (2013)
       Zhao et al. (2018)
  1. NH Northern Hemisphere, SH Southern Hemisphere, H-L High-latitudes, M-L Mid-latitudes, L-L Low-latitudes and average age uncertainty for the LIA is ± 50 years