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Table 4 List of recent analytical and semi-empirical models of CMEs/ICMEs

From: Earth-affecting solar transients: a review of progresses in solar cycle 24

Type Acronym Short description Reference
P EAM Empirical; shock propagation Paouris and Mavromichalaki (2017)
P Empirical; shock propagation Liu et al. (2017b)
P Empirical; shock propagation Corona-Romero et al. (2017)
P ElEvo DBM+2D ellipse; shock propagation Möstl et al. (2015)
P DBM/DBEM DBM + 2D Cone; CME propagation (Žic et al. 2015)
(Dumbović et al. 2018a, b) (ensemble)
P PDBM 1D DBM; probabilistic; CME propagation (Napoletano et al. 2018) (ensemble)
P ElEvoHI DBM+ElEvo+HI fitting; shock propagation Rollett et al. 2016 (Amerstorfer et al. 2018) (ensemble)
P ForeCAT CME propagation; deflection; rotation (Kay et al. 2013)
(Kay and Opher 2015)
P Machine learning; CME propagation (Sudar et al. 2016)
P CAT-PUMA Machine learning, shock propagation Liu et al. 2018a
P Oblique collision in 3D + constrain conservation of momentum Mishra et al. (2016)
Mishra et al. (2017)
EC triangulation Liu et al. (2017a)
FM Croissant + self-similar expansion + HM/fixed Phi
≥ size, orientation
Wood et al. (2017)
FM 3DCORE Torus + self-similar expansion + DBM + Gold-Hoyle ≥ magnetic structure Möstl et al. (2018)
FM FRED GCS + self-similar expansion + Lundquist ≥ magnetic structure Gopalswamy et al. (2017c)
FM FIDO Torus + self-similar expansion + Lundquist ≥ magnetic structure Kay et al. 2017; Kay and Gopalswamy (2018) (ensemble)
FM FIDO-SIT FIDO + forward model of shock and sheath Kay et al. (2020a)
FM FRi3D Deformable croissant + Gold-Hoyle ≥ magnetic structure Isavnin (2016)
FM GCS + power-law expansion + DBM +(non) force free FR ≥ magnetic structure (Patsourakos et al. 2016)
FM ForbMod GCS + power-law expansion ≥ Forbush decrease (Dumbović et al. 2018a, b)
FM FRIS CME internal properties Mishra and Wang 2018; Mishra et al. (2020)
FIT Force free + circular-cylindrical + velocity modified; Wang et al. (2015)
Wang et al. (2016d)
FIT Force free + circular-cylindrical + B modified Lepping et al. (2018)
FIT Force free + circular-cylindrical + boundary pitch-angle treatments Nishimura et al. (2019)
FIT Force free; circular-cylindrical + varying prescribed twist Vandas and Romashets (2019)
FIT Non-force free; torus + non-uniform cross-section; plasma pressure + proton current density Hidalgo and Nieves-Chinchilla 2012; Hidalgo (2014a, b)
Hidalgo (2016)
FIT Non-force free; force distribution + circular-cylindrical; elliptic-cylindrical Nieves-Chinchilla et al. 2016; Nieves-Chinchilla et al. (2018a, b)
GS GS reconstruction + toroidal geometry Hu et al. (2017)