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Table 3 Types of microplastic-carried pollutants bioaccumulated in marine organisms

From: Marine microplastics as vectors of major ocean pollutants and its hazards to the marine ecosystem and humans

Organism Class Pollutant Microplastic Reference
Marine unicellular alga (Tetraselmis chuii) Chlorodendrophyceae Copper PE Davarpanah and Guilhermino (2015)
Lugworm (Arenicola marina) Polychaeta PCBs PS Besseling et al. (2013)
Lugworms (Arenicola marina) Polychaeta Triclosan or nonylphenol PVC Browne et al. (2013)
Mediterranean mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) Bivalvia HBCDs PS Jang et al. (2016)
Peppery furrow shell (Scrobicularia plana) Bivalvia BaP LDPE O’Donovan et al. (2018)
Zooplanktona a PBDEs and PCBs PE and PP Yeo et al. (2020)
Marine amphipod (Allorchestes Compressa) Malacostraca PBDEs PE Chua et al. (2014)
Daphnia (Daphnia magna) Branchiopoda PCB PS Lin et al. (2019)
Marine copepod (Acartia tonsa) Maxillopoda PAHs PS Sørensen et al. (2020)
Marine copepod (Acartia tonsa) Maxillopoda Triclosan PE Syberg et al. (2017)
Marine copepod (Calanus finmarchicus) Hexanauplia PAHs PS Sørensen et al. (2020)
Beachhopper (Platorchestia smithi) Malacostraca PAHs PE Tosetto et al. (2016)
North Pacific lanternfish (Tarletonbeania taylori) Actinopterygii Lower chlorinated PCBs/pesticides Plastica Gassel and Rochman (2019)
Japanese medaka (Oryzias latipes) Actinopterygii PHAs, PCBs, and PBDEs LDPE Rochman et al. (2013a)
zebrafish (Danio rerio) Actinopterygii Ag PE Khan et al. (2015)
Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) Actinopterygii Ag PE Khan et al. (2017)
Rainbow fish (Melanotaenia fluviatilis) Actinopterygii PBDEs PP and PS Wardrop et al. (2016)
Rabbitfish (Siganus rivulatus) Actinopterygii PCB DPE and PP van der Hal et al. (2020)
Streaked shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas) Aves PCB PE Tanaka et al. (2018)
Streaked shearwater (Calonectris leucomelas) Aves PBDEs PE Tanaka et al. (2015)
Laysan albatross (Phoebastria immutabilis) Aves PCBs, PAHs, and pesticides PP and PE Rios et al. (2007)
Northern fulmar (Fulmarus glacialis) Aves PCBs Plastica Herzke et al. (2016)
Short-tailed shearwaters (Puffinus tenuirostris) Aves PBDEs Plastica Tanaka et al. (2013)
Great Shearwaters (Puffinus gravis) Aves PCBs Plastica Ryan (1988)
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