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Table 3 Trends in TC genesis, TC seed frequency, and survival rate (SR). Trends were calculated from 1990 to 2049. An asterisk indicates that a trend is statistically significant at the 90% confidence level (at least) with the nonparametric Mann–Kendal test. P values are indicated in parentheses

From: Evaluation of the contribution of tropical cyclone seeds to changes in tropical cyclone frequency due to global warming in high-resolution multi-model ensemble simulations

Model TC genesis Seed SR
CNRM156 − 0.09 (0.298) *− 0.22 (0.014) 0.08 (0.342)
CNRM055 *− 0.21 (0.016) *− 0.32 (< 0.001) 0.10 (0.241)
EC078 − 0.11 (0.234) − 0.09 (0.287) − 0.07 (0.403)
EC039 − 0.10 (0.280) − 0.11 (0.207) − 0.04 (0.660)
MPI100 0.01 (0.913) 0.12 (0.170) − 0.05 (0.583)
MPI052 0.08 (0.397) − 0.10 (0.246) *0.19 (0.030)
MRI060 *− 0.18 (0.045) *− 0.18 (0.046) 0.04 (0.619)
MRI020 *− 0.19 (0.030) *− 0.32 (< 0.001) 0.14 (0.104)
HG208 − 0.03 (0.725) − 0.02 (0.818) − 0.04 (0.642)
HG093 − 0.14 (0.115) *− 0.18 (0.042) 0.01 (0.914)
HG039 0.04 (0.687) − 0.11 (0.235) *0.16 (0.065)
NCM056 *− 0.27 (0.003) *− 0.28 (0.001) − 0.08 (0.355)
NCM028 *− 0.28 (0.001) *− 0.26 (0.003) *− 0.24 (0.006)
MME mean *− 0.15 (0.093) *− 0.23 (0.010) 0.01 (0.944)
MME median *− 0.19 (0.034) *− 0.27 (0.003) 0.06 (0.536)