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Table 1 Land surface biogeophysical and biogeochemical conditions simulated by MIROC-ES2L (2005–2014 means). Regional (six regions), zonal (tropical < 25° and extra-tropical > 25°), and global results are shown

From: Biogeophysical and biogeochemical impacts of land-use change simulated by MIROC-ES2L

  rnet evspsbl mrro npp cVeg cSoil
ZJ 103 km3 year–1 103 km3 year–1 Pg C year–1 Pg C Pg C
Asia 102.2 31.1 12.6 19.2 137.3 467.2
Africa 115.3 25.7 6.3 13.9 113.7 116.1
Oceania 23.2 4.9 0.3 1.8 16.4 23.6
Europe 27.5 8.6 2.1 7.0 49.8 163.5
N. America 54.4 15.8 5.9 12.2 95.7 298.4
S. America 78.4 24.5 9.0 14.0 136.4 123.0
Tropical 224.4 64.1 19.8 35.7 315.8 284.4
Extra-tropical 174.2 47.8 19.7 32.4 233.7 907.9
Global 398.6 111.9 39.5 68.1 549.4 1192.3