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Table 2 Reported values of Fi, Fe, equilibrium surface air temperature changes dTs (°C), and climate sensitivity, λ = dTs/Fe

From: A development of reduction scenarios of the short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) for mitigating global warming and environmental problems

*2× CO2 Fi Fe ΔTs ΔTs/Fi λ = ΔTs/Fe Sources, notes
MIROC5 4.1 3.68 2.7 0.66 0.73 IPCC AR5, fixed SST
GISS-E2-R 2.6 2.62 2.4 0.92 0.92 IPCC AR5, fixed SST
IPCC mean 3.7 3.7 3.2 0.86 0.86 IPCC AR5, fixed SST
Hansen 4.5 4.11 2 0.43 0.49 Hansen et al. (2005)
Samset 3.8 3.8 2.1 0.55 0.55 Smith et al. (2018), Table S2
*Sulfate     1.31   
This study − 0.2 − 0.61 − 0.4 2.00 0.66 Suzuki and Takemura (2019)
Hansen − 0.6 − 1.485 − 1.1 1.82 0.74 Hansen et al. (2005), 2× sulfate; divided by 2 and added indirect
Stohl   − 0.86 − 0.7   0.81 Stohl et al. (2015), model mean of land temperature change
Samset   − 3.6 − 2.3   0.64 Samset et al. (2016)
Smith   − 0.7 − 0.5   0.71 Smith et al. (2018), 5× sulfate; divided by 5
*BC       
This study 0.15 0.076 0.02 0.16 0.26 Takemura and Suzuki (2019)
Hansen 1.28 0.99 0.40 0.33 0.40 Hansen et al. (2005), BC
Stohl   0.33 0.05   0.15 Stohl et al. (2015), model mean of land temperature change, FF + BB, all land emission
Myhre   0.096 0.08   0.83 Myhre et al. (2017), Stjern et al. (2017), PDRMIP (mean), 10 BC; divided by 10
Smith   0.12 0.07   0.58 Smith et al. (2018), 10 BC; divided by 10