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Table 1 Reported values of instantaneous and effective RFs (Wm-2), Fi and Fe, and their ratio γ  = Fe/Fi

From: A development of reduction scenarios of the short-lived climate pollutants (SLCPs) for mitigating global warming and environmental problems

*2 × CO2 Fi Spread Fe Spread γ = Fe/Fi Sources, notes
MIROC5 4.08   3.68   0.91 Provided by M. Yoshimori, AORI, University of Tokyo
Hansen 4.52   4.11   0.91 Hansen et al. (2005)
Smith 2.62   3.7   1.41 Smith et al. (2018)
*Aerosols       
Shindell-1 − 0.26   − 1.17   4.50 Shindell et al. (2013), ACCMIP model
IPCC aerosol-2 − 0.42 ±0.24 − 1.92 ± 1.0 4.57 IPCC (2013), Fig. 7.19, aeosol RFari (CMIP5)
Shindell-2 − 0.39   − 1.17   3.00 Shindell et al. (2013), including missing components (nitrate and SOA)
GISS-E2-R − 0.49   − 1.1   2.24 Shindell et al. (2013)
IPCC aerosol-1 − 0.45 ± 0.50 − 0.9 aci: − 0.71 to 0 2.00 IPCC (2013), Figs. TS6 and 7
*Sulfate       
This study − 0.2   – 0.61   3.02 Takemura and Suzuki (2019)
IPCC sulfate − 0.41 ± 0.21 − 0.87 ± 0.9 2.12 IPCC (2013), Fig. TS7 sulfate, 1850–2000; Aci of aerosol; ari + aci uncertainty of aerosols
Hansen − 0.63   − 1.49   2.36 Hansen et al. (2005), 2× sulfate; divided by 2 and added indirect
GISS-E2-R − 0.37   −  0.61   1.65 Shindell et al. (2013)
*BC       
This study 0.148   0.008   0.51 Takemura and Suzuki (2019), Suzuki and Takemura (2019)
Hansen 1.28   0.99   0.77 Hansen et al. (2005)
GISS-E2-R 0.24   0.46   1.92 Shindell et al. (2013)
Hodnebrog 0.35   0.09   0.25 Hodnebrog et al. (2014)
NICAM (×10) 0.77   0.32   0.42 This study, Goto et al. (2020)
NICAM (×5) 0.38   0.14   0.36 This study, Goto et al. (2020)