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Table 2 Global annual mean effective radiative forcings of each experiment

From: Global and Arctic effective radiative forcing of anthropogenic gases and aerosols in MRI-ESM2.0

  ERF at TOA ERF at surface
Experiment name SW LW NET SW LW NET
  ARI ACI ALB Total ARI ACI ALB Total ARI ACI ALB Total Total Total Total
piClim-ghg --- --- --- 0.63 --- --- --- 2.40 --- --- --- 3.02 − 0.03 1.33 1.30
piClim-4xCO2a --- --- --- 1.97 (0.48) --- --- --- 5.69 (1.38) --- --- --- 7.66 (1.85) − 0.79 (− 0.19) 3.36 (0.81) 2.57 (0.62)
piClim-CH4 --- --- --- 0.09 --- --- --- 0.62 --- --- --- 0.71 − 0.06 0.33 0.27
piClim-HC --- --- --- − 0.22 --- --- --- 0.52 --- --- --- 0.30 0.05 0.23 0.29
piClim-N2O --- --- --- − 0.06 --- --- --- 0.22 --- --- --- 0.16 0.06 0.03 0.09
piClim-VOC --- --- --- − 0.09 --- --- --- 0.07 --- --- --- − 0.03 − 0.19 0.12 − 0.06
piClim-NOx --- --- --- 0.27 --- --- --- − 0.29 --- --- --- − 0.02 − 0.02 0.06 0.04
piClim-O3 --- --- --- 0.14 --- --- --- − 0.07 --- --- --- 0.07 − 0.16 0.20 0.05
piClim-NTCF --- --- --- 2.53 --- --- --- 1.45 --- --- --- − 1.08 − 3.39 0.87 − 2.52
piClim-aer − 0.32 − 2.47 0.05 − 2.74 0.00 1.49 0.03 1.52 − 0.32 − 0.98 0.08 − 1.22 − 3.26 0.68 − 2.57
piClim-BC 0.26 − 1.63 0.15 − 1.22 − 0.00 1.54 − 0.08 1.45 0.25 − 0.09 0.07 0.24 − 1.95 0.78 − 1.17
piClim-OC − 0.07 − 0.43 − 0.02 − 0.52 0.00 0.21 − 0.03 0.18 − 0.07 − 0.21 − 0.05 − 0.33 − 0.52 0.05 − 0.47
piClim-SO2 − 0.49 − 1.36 − 0.05 − 1.90 0.00 0.42 0.09 0.52 − 0.48 − 0.94 0.05 − 1.38 − 1.77 0.21 − 1.56
piClim-lu --- --- --- − 0.21 --- --- --- 0.03 --- --- --- − 0.19 − 0.16 − 0.25 − 0.41
piClim-anthro --- --- --- − 2.21 --- --- --- 4.16 --- --- --- 1.96 − 3.56 2.01 − 1.56
  1. Values are given in units of W m−2
  2. ERF effective radiative forcing, TOA top of the atmosphere, SW shortwave, LW longwave, NET SW + LW, ARI aerosol-radiation interactions, ACI aerosol-cloud interactions, ALB surface albedo effects, NTCF near-term climate forcers
  3. aValues in parentheses are the ERFs of CO2 at present-day concentrations as estimated from the piClim-4xCO2 experiment