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Fig. 4 | Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Fig. 4

From: Global and Arctic effective radiative forcing of anthropogenic gases and aerosols in MRI-ESM2.0

Fig. 4

Horizontal distributions of the annual mean shortwave (SW) ERFs (W m−2, filled contours) at the TOA separated into the aerosol-radiation interactions (ARI, left); aerosol-cloud interactions (ACI, middle); and surface albedo effects (Albedo, right) in the (ac) piClim-aer (aer); (df) piClim-BC (BC); (gi) piClim-OC (OC); and (jl) piClim-SO2 (SO2) experiments in MRI-ESM2.0. The values of the global mean SW ERFs of each component are shown near the upper-right corner of each panel and are given in Table 2

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