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Fig. 3 | Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Fig. 3

From: Global and Arctic effective radiative forcing of anthropogenic gases and aerosols in MRI-ESM2.0

Fig. 3

Horizontal distributions of the annual mean ERFs (W m−2, filled contours) at the TOA for shortwave (SW, left); longwave (LW, middle); and their sum (net, right) in the (ac) piClim-aer (aer); (df) piClim-BC (BC); (gi) piClim-OC (OC); and (jl) piClim-SO2 (SO2) experiments in MRI-ESM2.0. The global mean ERF values are shown near the upper-right corner of each panel and are given in Table 2

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