Skip to main content


Fig. 4 | Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Fig. 4

From: Large dependency of charge distribution in a tropical cyclone inner core upon aerosol number concentration

Fig. 4

Number concentration of a sum of cloud water and rain water (black solid contour line), sum of ice and snow (orange contour line), graupel (black dot-dashed contour line), and total hydrometeor qhyd (shaded area); and b charge density of graupel (green contour line), sum of ice and snow (orange line), and cloud and rain (black contour line), and the total charge density over the zR plane (shaded area). The variables were tangentially averaged during the last 12 h of the simulation. Solid and dash-dotted contours in b show positive and negative charge densities, respectively, and contour lines in a and b show 0.05, 1, 3, and 5 g kg−1 and 0.01, 0.1, and 0.3 nC m−3, respectively. The dotted line in b indicates temperature (°C)

Back to article page