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Table 2 Global carbon exchange between land, inland waters, ocean, and atmosphere since the industrial era

From: Perspective on the response of marine calcifiers to global warming and ocean acidification—Behavior of corals and foraminifera in a high CO2 world “hot house”

  Pg C year−1 References
CO2 Consumption by chemical weathering of silicates in Himalayan River Basins 0.012 Manaka et al. (2015a, b)
CO2 Consumption by chemical weathering of carbonates in Himalayan River Basins 0.024
Global CO2 consumption by chemical weathering of silicates 0.132 Gaillardet et al. (1999); Manaka et al. (2015a, b)
Global CO2 consumption by chemical weathering of carbonates 0.149
CO2 release to the atmosphere by fossil fuel use and cement production 7.8 IPCC (2013)
CO2 release to the atmosphere by anthropogenic land Use change 1.1
Total terrestrial photosynthesis 123.0
Total terrestrial respiration 118.7
Net atmospheric CO2 uptake by terrestrial biosphere 4.3
Total soil carbon input from land to inland waters 1.9 Regnier et al. (2013)
Global riverine flux of carbon to the ocean 1.06 Li et al. (2017)
CO2 release from inland waters to the atmosphere 1.1 Regnier et al. (2013)