Skip to main content

Table 1 Seven deadliest earthquakes in the twenty-first century

From: Earthquake early warning: what does “seconds before a strong hit” mean?

Date Earthquake name Mw Casualtiesa
2001/01/26 Gujarat/India 7.7 13,805~20,023(1)
2003/12/26 Bam/Iran 6.6 31,824~ 43,000(2)
2004/12/26 Indian Ocean/Indonesia 9.1~ 9.3 230,000~280,000(1)(3)
2005/10/08 Kashmir/Pakistan 7.6 Up to ~ 88,000(1)(3)
2008/05/12 Wenchuan/China 7.9 Up to ~ 88,000(1)(3)
2010/01/12 Port-au-Prince/Haiti 7.0 100,000~316,000(1)(3)
2011/03/11 Tohoku-Oki/Japan 9.0–9.1 ~ 18,500 (837b)(4)
  1. (1) USGS (4 September 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1
  2. (2) Bam Earthquake, Encyclopaedia Iranica, http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/bam-earthquake-2003
  3. (3) Earthquakes with 50,000 or more deaths, USGS, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/earthquakes/world/most_destructive.php
  4. (4) “Damage Situation and Police Countermeasures. 9 March 2018” National Police Agency of Japan. Retrieved 19 March 2018. (from “deaths” template)
  5. aThe casualty estimates are rough figures including missing people, and may be different depending on the document sources. The superscripts indicate the references
  6. bVictims due to building collapses or landslides