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Fig. 8 | Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Fig. 8

From: Drastic thickening of the barrier layer off the western coast of Sumatra due to the Madden-Julian oscillation passage during the Pre-Years of the Maritime Continent campaign

Fig. 8

Time-depth sections of a the tendency of the vertical temperature gradient (°C/m/day), b the second-order derivative of temperature (× 10−2 °C/m2), c the tendency of the temperature (°C/day), d the vertical gradient of the potential temperature (°C/m), and e the dissipation rate of the temperature variance (°C2/s) at the stationary site of the R/V Mirai. The blue line indicates the 29 °C isotherm. The dashed and dotted lines indicate the MLD and ILD, respectively. The black contours of 29, 25, 20, and 15 °C are shown in d and e

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