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Table 1 Locations of Ionosondes and EAR

From: Post-sunset rise of equatorial F layer—or upwelling growth?

Station North latitude (°) East longitude (°) Dip latitude (°) ΔLong (°)
Kwajalein (KWA) 9.4 167.5 4.3
Pohnpei (PNI) 6.9 158.2 0.6 9.3
Cebu (CEB) 10.3 123.9 2.0
Manila (MAN) 14.7 121.1 7.1 2.8
Ho Chi Minh City (HCM) 10.8 106.6 4.0
Bac Lieu (BCL) 9.3 105.7 1.6 0.9
Chumphon (CPN) 10.7 99.4 3.3 6.3
EAR Kototabang (KTB) − 0.2 100.3 − 10.1 − 0.9
Kodaikanal (KOD) 10.2 77.5 1.8
Fortaleza (FTL) − 3.9 − 38.5 − 4.5 – 10.6
São Luís (SLU) − 2.3 − 44.2 − 0.3 − 5.8
Cachimbo (CCB) − 9.5 − 54.8 − 2.1
Huancayo (HUA) − 12.0 − 75.3 0.3
Jicamarca (JIC) − 12.0 − 76.9 0.5 1.6