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Fig. 8 | Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Fig. 8

From: Post-sunset rise of equatorial F layer—or upwelling growth?

Fig. 8

Vertical TEC and residual TEC versus IPP longitude for a PNI, b KOS, and c MAJ. The black curve is VTEC, red curve is the running average, and the blue curve is the residual difference between these curves. d Tracks of the IPPs frm PNI (solid), KOS (dashed), and MAJ (dash-dot) plotted as a function of latitude and longitude. Figure is a reproduction with some changes in notation from Tsunoda et al. (2010)

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