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Table 2 Intense observation periods (IOPs) of the HARIMAU project under MAHASRI

From: Maritime continent coastlines controlling Earth’s climate

Campaign name Intense observation area/period Stations of major instruments Collaborated projects Major results
HARIMAU2006 Sumatera Barat (incl. Siberut Island) 26 Oct–27 Nov 2006 MIA (XDR, AWS, SVC)
Tiku (XDR, AWS)
Tabing (RS, AWS, RIS)
Siberut (RS, AWS, GPS, RIS)
MAHASRI, CPEA, MISMO2006 Vertical coupling
Diurnal cycle at small island
HARIMAU2007 Sumatera Barat
14 Apr–25 May 2007
MIA (XDR, AWS, SVC)
Tiku (XDR, AWS)
Tabing (RS, AWS)
MAHASRI, AMY, PRIMO/Maldives Details of diurnal cycles
HARIMAU-AMOY Kalimantan
(+Sumatera, Sulawesi)
21–27 Aug 2008, 20 Jan–7 Feb 2009, 20–26 Aug 2009,
Pontianak (WPR, RS, AWS, GPS)
Putussibau (AWS, GPS)
Balikpapan (AWS, GPS)
(Manado (WPR, RS, AWS),
Biak (WPR, RS, AWS))
MAHASRI, AMY, Geographical differences of diurnal cycles
Local water cycles
HARIMAU2010
(co-funded with SATREPS)
JABODETABEK/Jawa
16 Jan–14 Feb 2010
Serpong (CDR, WPR, AWS, RSD)
Bogor (RS, AWS, RSD, RIS)
Pramuka (RS, AWS, RIS)
Serang (RS, AWS)
Karawang (RS)
Cengkareng (RS, AWS)*
MAHASRI, AMY, Details of diurnal cycles
Local circulations
River diurnal cycle
HARIMAU2011
(funded by SATREPS)
Sumatera Barat
(incl. Sipora Island)
1–31 Dec 2011
MIA (XDR, AWS), Pontiank (RSD)
Muara Putus (MPR, AWS)
Tabing (RS, AWS)
Tuapejat/Sipora (RS, AWS), Pariaman (AWS, RSD, ARG), Sicincin (AWS, RSD), Bawan, (AWS) Kapar, Maninjau, Kandang Empat, Limau Purut, Sungai Sarik, Sintuk, Buayan, Lubuk Minturun, UNAND (ARG)
MAHASRI, AMY, CINDY2011 Organization processes of coastal heavy rainbands
Examination for quantitative precipitation estimation
Experiment for quantitative precipitation forecasting
  1. Operational observations only
  2. MIA Minangkabau International Airport/Padang, XDR X-band Doppler radar, CDR C-band Doppler radar, MPR X-band multi-parameter radar, WPR UHF (L-band) wind profiler radar, EAR Equatorial Atmosphere Radar (VHF), RS radiosondes, AWS automatic weather stations, ARG automatic raingauge, GPS Global Positioning System (precipitable water), RSD disdrometer (raindrop size distribution), RIS raindrop isotope sampling, SVC Sky-view camera, UAV unmanned aerial vehicle