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Table 1 Ten tropical regions specified in a basic study by the CRIEPI group (Maruyama et al. 2005) to check the reliability of a numerical climate model (CCSM3; Collins et al. 2006). Land areas and coastline lengths were estimated by calculating numbers of 1° longitude × 1° latitude (corresponding to 111 km × 111 km on the equator) grid points close to coastlines (within 0.5°). “IPCC07 Obs/Model” rainfall amounts are obtained from figures of the original paper. “TRMM Dec97−Jan11” is from Ogino et al. (2016)

From: Maritime continent coastlines controlling Earth’s climate