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Table 10 Results of multiple comparison tests between before and after thinning (setting) and pre–post (exposure to the forest) for Positive and Negative Affect Scale (emotion)

From: The effect of slight thinning of managed coniferous forest on landscape appreciation and psychological restoration

  Unthinned Thinned
Pre   Post   p Pre   Post   p
Mean S.D. Mean S.D.   Mean S.D. Mean S.D.  
Negative 12.4 ±4.82 11.0 ±4.61 0.252 13.0 ±5.21 12.5 ±4.02 0.701
Positive 23.5 ±8.58 20.5 ±9.49 0.174 23.9 ±7.26 21.9 ±7.43 0.336
  Pre Post
Unthinned   Thinned   p Unthinned   Thinned   p
Mean S.D. Mean S.D.   Mean S.D. Mean S.D.  
Negative 12.4 ±4.82 13.0 ±5.21 0.658 11.0 ±4.61 12.5 ±4.02 0.263
Positive 23.5 ±8.58 23.9 ±7.26 0.806 20.5 ±9.49 21.9 ±7.43 0.484
  1. ANOVA-Bonferroni