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Fig. 14 | Progress in Earth and Planetary Science

Fig. 14

From: Magnetohydrodynamics modeling of coronal magnetic field and solar eruptions based on the photospheric magnetic field

Fig. 14

Force-freeness of the NLFFF. a Distribution of the force-free ╬▒ measured at both footpoints of each magnetic field line for the NLFFF in Fig. 7 b, that is from Inoue et al. (2014a). The image is copyright AAS and reproduced by permission. b The temporal evolution of \(\int \mathbf {\nabla } \cdot \boldsymbol {B}dV\) during the iteration in which the NLFFF is attained

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