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Table 2 A summary of current MF/HF SA radars

From: MF and HF radar techniques for investigating the dynamics and structure of the 50 to 110 km height region: a review

Facility Lat./long Mode Freq. (MHz) Power (kW)
Adelaide, Australia 35 S, 138 E SA, IDI, DBS 1.98 100
Andenes, Norway 69 N, 16 E SA 1.98 50
Bear Lake, USA 42 N, 111 W IDI 2.2 (day), 3.8 (night) 10
Christchurch, NZ 44 S, 172 E SA 2.40 100
Davis Station, Antarctica 69 S, 78 E SA 1.98 25
Kolhapur, India 16.8 N, 74.2 E SA 1.94 25
Juliusruh, Germany 55 N, 13 E SA, IDI, DBS 3.18 128
Langfang, China 39.41 N, 116.71 E SA 1.99 64
Pameungpeuk, Indonesia 7.7 S, 107.7 E SA 2.008 30
Poker Flat, USA 65 N, 148 W SA 2.43 50
Pontianak, Indonesia 0 S, 109 E SA 1.98 25
Qujing, China 25.6 N, 103.8 E SA 2.138 64
Saskatoon, Canada 52 N, 107 W SA 2.22 50
Saura, Norway 69 N, 16 E SA, IDI, DBS 3.17 116
Scott Base, Antarctica 78 S, 167 E SA 2.90 60
Syowa Base, Antarctica 69 S, 39.6 E SA 2.4 50
Tirunelveli, India 8.7 N, 77.8 E SA 1.98 25
Tromso, Norway 70 N, 19 E SA 2.78 50
Wakkanai, Japan 45.4 N, 141.7 E SA 1.955 50
  1. The radar at Bear Lake is a dynasondes that can operate in an IDI mode. The most recent MF radar installations have been in China, as part of the Chinese Meridian project. The Indian radars and the Saura 3.18 MHz radar (IAP, Germany) have been recently upgraded