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Table 2 Diatom proxies for sea surface temperature in the northwest Pacific

From: The Pliocene to recent history of the Kuroshio and Tsushima Currents: a multi-proxy approach

Td′
Warm-water species Cold-water species  
Actinocyclus ellipticus Grunow Actinocyclus curvatulus Janisch  
A. elongatus Grunow A. ochotensis Jousé  
Alveus marinus (Grunow) Kaczmarska & Fryxell Asteromphalus hyalinus Karsten  
Asterolampra marylandica Ehrenberg A. robustus Castracane  
Asteromphalus arachne (Brebisson) Ralfs Bacterosira fragilis Gran  
A. flabellatus (Brebisson) Greville Chaetoceros furcellatus Bailey  
A. imbricatus Wallich Coscinodiscus marginatus Ehrenberg  
A. pettersonii (Kolbe) Thorrington-Smith C. oculus-iridis Ehrenberg  
A. sarcophagus Wallich Fragilariopsis cylindrus (Grunow) Krieger  
Azpeitia africanus (Janisch) Fryxell & Watkins F. oceanica (Cleve) Hasle  
A. nodulifera (Schmidt) Fryxell & Sims Neodenticula seminae (Simonsen & Kanaya) Akiba & Yanagisawa  
A. tabularis (Grunow) Fryxell & Sims Porosira glacilis (Grunow) Jorgensen  
Fragilariopsis doliolus (Wallich) Medlin & Sims Rhizosolenia hebetata (Bailey) Gran  
Hemidiscus cuneiformis Wallich Thalassiosira gravida Cleve  
Nitzschia interruptestriata Simonsen T. hyalina (Grunow) Gran  
N. kolaczekii Grunow T. kryophila (Grunow) Joergensen  
Planktoniella sol (Wallich) Schütt T. nordenskioldii Cleve  
Pseudosolenia calcar-avis (Schültze) Sundstrom T. trifulta Fryxell  
Rhizosolenia acuminata (Peragallo) Gran   
R. bergonii Peragallo   
R. hebetata (Bailey) Gran f. semispina (Hersen) Gran   
R. imbricata Brightwell   
Roperia tessellata (Roper) Grunow   
Thalassiosira leptopus (Grunow) Hasle & Fryxell   
T. oestrupii (Osterfeld) Proshkina-Lavrenko   
Twt   
Xw of Twt Xt of Twt Xc of Twt
Warm-water species without Thalassiosira oestrupii of Td′ Coscinodiscus radiatus Ehrenberg Cold-water species of Td′
Fragilariopsis fossilis (Frenguelli) Medlin & Sims Thalassionema nitzschioides Grunow s.l. Actinocyclus oculatus Jousé
F. reinholdii (Kanaya emend Barron & Baldauf) Zielinski & Gersonde Thalassiosira oestrupii (Osterfeld) Proshkina-Lavrenko Neodenticula kamtschatica (Zabelina) Akiba & Yanagisawa
Nitzschia jouseae Burckle   N. koizumii Akiba & Yanagisawa
N. miocenica Burckle   Proboscia barboi (Brun) Jordan & Priddle
Rhizosolenia praebergonii Mukhina   P. curvirostris (Jousé) Jordan & Priddle
Thalassiosira convexa Mukhina   Thalassiosira nidulus (Tempère & Brun) Jousé
T. miocenica Schrader   
T. praecovexa Burckle   
  1. The list includes diatoms used to calculate Td′ = SST (Koizumi 2008) and the “paleoclimate curve” Twt (Barron 1992)