Skip to main content

Table 2 Statistical significance of differences between estimates of landscapes attractiveness by Russian and Japanese respondents

From: Comparing the visual perception and aesthetic evaluation of natural landscapes in Russia and Japan: cultural and environmental factors

Group of landscapes Russian respondents Japanese respondents Student’s t -test
n x s n x s
Waterfalls 1,270 4.26 0.97 1,230 3.78 1.03 12
Mountains 1,016 4.2 0.99 984 3.75 1.15 9.4
Lakes 1,524 4.15 0.99 1,476 3.73 1.09 11.1
Seacoasts 1,524 3.92 1.06 1,476 3.34 1.14 14.4
Rivers 1,016 3.86 1.05 984 3.69 1.03 3.7
Forests 1,397 3.72 1.08 1,353 3.32 1.16 9.4
Swampy plains 635 3.56 1.11 615 3.4 1.16 2.5
Waterless plains 508 3.08 1.21 492 3.07 1.18 0.1
All 8,890 3.93 1.08 8,610 3.54 1.13 23.3
  1. n, number of estimates; x, average score; s, standard deviation.
  2. Significant values (t > 2.58; p < 0.01) are marked in bold, undefined values (1.96 < t < 2.58; 0.01 > p < 0.05) in bold italics, and insignificant values (t < 1.96; p > 0.05) in italics; p, error probability.