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Table 2 Model specifications and benchmarks: EMIC versus GCMs (supercomputer at JAMSTEC)

From: Modeling in Earth system science up to and beyond IPCC AR5

Model JUMP-LCM (Tachiiri et al. [2010] ) MIROC4h (Sakamoto et al. [2012] ) MIROC4 (unreleased version)
Horizontal grids (atmosphere) 60 × 30 640 × 320 128 × 64
Vertical layers (atmosphere) 1 56 20
Horizontal grids (ocean) 60 × 30 1,280 × 912 256 × 224
Vertical layers (ocean) 15 48 41
Time step 36 h Atmosphere: variable; ocean: 3 min Atmosphere and ocean: 20 min
Components Atmosphere and ocean: with carbon cycle, land: carbon cycle Physics in atmosphere, ocean, land
Computer Scalar Scalar Vector
CPU used 1 20 4
Speed (s/year) 15 944,620 12,958