4. Solid earth sciences

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  1. Research article

    Possible climate preconditioning on submarine landslides along a convergent margin, Nankai Trough (NE Pacific)

    Submarine landslides are major agents of sediment mass transfer from the shallow to deep sea. Due to their rapid emplacement and tsunamigenic potential, such landslides are significant geohazards for society a...

    Katrina Kremer, Muhammed O. Usman, Yasufumi Satoguchi, Yoshitaka Nagahashi, Sunil Vadakkepuliyambatta, Giuliana Panieri and Michael Strasser

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:20

    Published on: 25 July 2017

  2. Research article

    Melting relations in the Fe–S–Si system at high pressure and temperature: implications for the planetary core

    The phase and melting relations in the Fe–S–Si system were determined up to 60 GPa by using a double-sided laser-heated diamond anvil cell combined with X-ray diffraction. On the basis of the X-ray diffraction...

    Takanori Sakairi, Eiji Ohtani, Seiji Kamada, Takeshi Sakai, Tatsuya Sakamaki and Naohisa Hirao

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:10

    Published on: 31 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Hydrogen mobility in transition zone silicates

    We study the hydrogen mobility in ringwoodite and wadsleyite considering multiple charge-balanced defects, including Mg < = > 2H, Si < = > Mg + 2H, and the hydrogarnet defect, Si < = > 4H, using molecular dyna...

    Razvan Caracas and Wendy R. Panero

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:9

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Interplay of irreversible reactions and deformation: a case of hydrofracturing in the rodingite–serpentinite system

    The interplay of irreversible reactions and deformation during regional metamorphism was analyzed in the reaction zones between rodingite and serpentinite. Rodingites are leucocratic rocks found commonly in se...

    Tadao Nishiyama, Chisato Yoshida- Shiosaki, Yasushi Mori and Miki Shigeno

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2017 4:1

    Published on: 16 January 2017

  5. Research article

    Estimation of seismic velocity changes at different depths associated with the 2014 Northern Nagano Prefecture earthquake, Japan (M W 6.2) by joint interferometric analysis of NIED Hi-net and KiK-net records

    To estimate the seismic velocity changes at different depths associated with a large earthquake, we apply passive image interferometry to two types of seismograms: KiK-net vertical pairs of earthquake records ...

    Kaoru Sawazaki, Tatsuhiko Saito, Tomotake Ueno and Katsuhiko Shiomi

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:36

    Published on: 22 November 2016

  6. Research article

    Reconstruction of a 2D seismic wavefield by seismic gradiometry

    We reconstructed a 2D seismic wavefield and obtained its propagation properties by using the seismic gradiometry method together with dense observations of the Hi-net seismograph network in Japan. The seismic ...

    Takuto Maeda, Kiwamu Nishida, Ryota Takagi and Kazushige Obara

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:31

    Published on: 10 October 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:37

  7. Research article

    Determination of temporal changes in seismic velocity caused by volcanic activity in and around Hakone volcano, central Japan, using ambient seismic noise records

    Autocorrelation functions (ACFs) for ambient seismic noise are considered to be useful tools for estimating temporal changes in the subsurface structure. Velocity changes at Hakone volcano in central Japan, wh...

    Yohei Yukutake, Tomotake Ueno and Kazuki Miyaoka

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:29

    Published on: 27 September 2016

  8. Research article

    A record of the upper Olduvai geomagnetic polarity transition from a sediment core in southern Yokohama City, Pacific side of central Japan

    A detailed paleomagnetic record of the upper Olduvai polarity transition was obtained from a 106.72 m-long sediment core drilled in southern Yokohama City, located on the northern Miura Peninsula, on the Pacif...

    Chie Kusu, Makoto Okada, Atsushi Nozaki, Ryuichi Majima and Hideki Wada

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:26

    Published on: 23 September 2016

  9. Research article

    Major element composition of an Early Enriched Reservoir: constraints from 142Nd/144Nd isotope systematics in the early Earth and high-pressure melting experiments of a primitive peridotite

    The Accessible Silicate Earth (ASE) has a higher 142Nd/144Nd ratio than most chondrites. Thus, if the Earth is assumed to have formed from these chondrites, a complement low-142Nd/144Nd reservoir is needed. Such ...

    Nozomi Kondo, Takashi Yoshino, Kyoko N. Matsukage and Tetsu Kogiso

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:25

    Published on: 22 August 2016

  10. Research article

    Ultrahigh-pressure acoustic wave velocities of SiO2-Al2O3 glasses up to 200 GPa

    Extensive experimental studies on the structure and density of silicate glasses as laboratory analogs of natural silicate melts have attempted to address the nature of dense silicate melts that may be present ...

    Itaru Ohira, Motohiko Murakami, Shinji Kohara, Koji Ohara and Eiji Ohtani

    Progress in Earth and Planetary Science 2016 3:18

    Published on: 29 June 2016

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